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Tema: Asien

Asien
Rumy Hasan: East Asia since the 1997 crisis
International Socialism Journal nr. 92, sep 01 – side 99
Note: Economic recession has now taken hold of the US economy. Rumy Hasan looks back at the 1997 South East Asian crisis and examines its subsequent course and impact on the world system.
 
Colin Sparks: The eye of the storm
International Socialism Journal nr. 78, mar 98 – side 3
Note: The tiger economies of South and East Asia were being held up only yesterday as models for success, not least by Tony Blair. But the crash of 1997, whose effects are still unravelling across the industrialised world, put an end to such easy propaganda. In three linked articles we look at the causes and consequences of the crisis. Colin Sparks explains the rise of the Tiger economies and charts the forces that brought them to their knees.
 
Nigel Harris: The Asian boom economies and the 'impossibility' of national economic development
International Socialism Journal nr. 3, dec 78 – side 1
 
Afghanistan
Se også: Afghanistan-krig 2001-?
A bloody war in Afghanistan, thousands of lives lost, what have we gained?
Socialist Worker nr. 2250, maj 11 – side 5
Note: The war in Afghanistan is in its tenth year. Tens of thousands of Afghan civilians have died, and 2,375 foreign troops have been killed, including 1,509 US and 360 British soldiers.
 
Lene Junker: Afghanistan: Resultatet af 161 års imperialisme
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 294, jan 10 – side 6
Note: Forestil dig et øde landområde med ørken og bjerge. De mennesker, som bor der, er blandt de mest fattige i verden. Forestil dig, at feudalherrer fra deres sikre borge har hersket over dem i århundreder.
 
Lene Junker: Præsidentvalg i Afghanistan
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 290, aug 09 – side 2
Note: Torsdag den 20. august var der præsidentvalg i Afghanistan. Besættelsesmagterne håbede at kunne bruge valget som bevis på fremskridt i Afghanistan og dermed til at retfærdiggøre den fortsatte krig.
 
Simon Assaf: Afghan people face a winter of famine
Socialist Worker nr. 2126, nov 08 – side 3
Note: Famine is stalking Afghanistan and is threatening the lives of millions of its people, international aid agencies have warned. An estimated 8.4 million Afghans – one in four of the population – are in danger of starvation as winter closes in because of severe food shortages, high prices and a summer drought.
 
Afghanistan: West fights a losing battle
Socialist Worker nr. 2112, aug 08 – side 16
Note: One year ago British defence secretary Des Browne was asked if the occupation in Afghanistan had “turned the corner”. “I think the honest answer is, yes, it could be,” he said.
 
Lene Junker: Boganmeldelse: Afghan Women – en bog om: Kvindekamp i Afghanistan
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 272, sep 07 – side 7
Note: Afghanistan-krigen startede for snart 6 år siden. Den havde og har stadig status af en krig i „en god sags tjeneste“. Mod Osama Bin Laden, Al Qaida og Talibans kvindefjendske rædselsregime i Afghanistan. FN støttede krigen – og mange vestlige feminister anså krigen for at være til fordel for kvinderne i Afghanistan.
 
Malalai Joya: USA har bragt fundamentalismen tilbage til Afghanistan
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 272, sep 07 
Note: Tale af Malalai Joya, medlem af det afghanske parlament, holdt på Los Angeles Universitet d. 10. april i år.
 
Afghanistan: Karzai – en marionet-dukke
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 270, jun 07 – side 12
Note: Den afghanske befolkning burde få muligheden for at regere sig selv – mener den politiske forsker Matin Baraki, der netop har besøgt landet, i et interview til det tyske magasin Marx21.
 
Jonathan Neale: Afghanistan: The horse changes riders
Note: From Capital & Class, No.35, Summer 1988.
 
Mubin Haq: The Worst is Yet to Come? (Afghanistan)
Socialist Review nr. 268, nov 02 – side 15
Note: The Afghan tragedy continues.
 
Jørn Andersen: USA har sikret sine egne interesser: Afghanistan nyt amerikansk protektorat
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 199, dec 01 – side 4
Note: Talibanstyret er faldet, men jublen blandt afghanerne er afventende. De har dårlige erfaringer med Nordalliancens forskellige grupperinger. – USA har fået indsat en marionet-regering, der kan sikre deres intersser i Centralasien. En rolle som Talibanstyret havde indtil i sommers.
 
Jonathan Neale: The long torment of Afghanistan
International Socialism Journal nr. 93, dec 01 – side 31
Note: A history of Afghanistan is the first of our articles looking at imperialism's current manifestations. Jonathan Neale, author of 'The American War', looks at why it has become the most wretched place on earth.
 
Jesper Høi Kanne: Afghanistan: Dødelige FN-aktioner
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 189, jan 01 – side 4
Note: FN truer med sanktioner mod Afghanistan på et tidspunkt, hvor der er alvorlig tørke i landet.
 
Chris Harman: Thinking it through: Afghanistan: Nightmare without end
Socialist Review nr. 202, nov 96 – side 12
Note: The fall of Kabul to the Taliban suddenly brought Afghanistan to the notice of the Western media last month.
 
Chris Harman: Grounds for optimism (Afghanistan)
Socialist Review nr. 118, mar 89 – side 11
Note: Russian withdrawal from Afghanistan has caused some confusion on the left. There is a tendency for people to see it simply as a victory for the Americans over the Russians.
 
Afghanistan: Sovjets Vietnam
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 39, maj 88 – side 12
Note: Gorbatjov har været nødt til at underskrive en tilbagetræknings-aftale om de sovjetiske tropper i Afghanistan. Det ser ud til at være afslutningen på Sovjets greb om deres sydlige nabo. Men det er langt fra ensbetydende med, at den bitre kamp i Afghanistan er sluttet.
 
Ida Malling: Sovjet go home!
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 15, dec 85 – side 8
Note: Den 27. december er det 6-års dagen for Sovjets invasion af Afghanistan.
 
Jonathan Neale: Afghanistan impasse
Socialist Review nr. 30, mar 81 – side 29
Note: It has taken the junket by three Labour MPs to remind us that real people are still fighting and dying in Afghanistan. One year after the invasion, it is time we looked at the consequences of the Russian intervention and the tragic impasse which now grips Afghanistan.
 
Jonathan Neale: The Afghan Tragedy
International Socialism Journal nr. 12, mar 81 – side 1
Note: All the paraphernalia of modern war has descended upon Afghanistan: the napalm, the tanks, the night-time executions, the refugee camps slowly turning into tent cities. On the one side the prophets of helicopter gunship socialism talk of “progress” while their Russian masters bomb the peasantry and shoot down the students. On the other side an outraged people fights bravely under the banner of religious bigotry and the leadership of blatant careerists. It seems that neither side can win the war.
Alt. url: marxists.org
 
Pakistan
Geoff Brown: Pakistan: failing state or neoliberalism in crisis?
International Socialism Journal nr. 150, apr 16 – side 143
Note: See also timeline of key events related to this article.

The popular image of Pakistan is of a failing state with nuclear weapons. Neither the government nor the army can prevent the Taliban’s terrorist outrages, not least because they cannot do without the proxy forces they use against Afghanistan and India, forces often indistinguishable from the Taliban in their methods. What follows seeks to show the falsity of this pathologising, Islamophobic mythology that pays little attention to Pakistan’s place in the global division of labour.
 
Geoff Brown: Pakistan: Timeline of key events
International Socialism Journal nr. 150, apr 16 – side 158
Note: Related to: Pakistan: failing state or neoliberalism in crisis?
 
Geoff Brown + Jonathan Neale: Doctors’ hunger strike wins victory for poor people in Punjab
Socialist Worker nr. 2341, feb 13 – side 15
Note: Jonathan Neale and Geoff Brown report on an inspiring struggle for the right to health care in Punjab, Pakistan.
 
Rizwan Atta: Letter from Pakistan
Socialist Review nr. 367, mar 12 – side 9
Note: Rizwan Atta looks at the growing tensions between the US and Pakistan and the outbreak of struggles from below.
 
Yuri Prasad: US provokes deep anger in Pakistan
Socialist Worker nr. 2252, maj 11 – side 4
Note: President Barack Obama’s decision to send a hit squad to assassinate Osama Bin Laden has nudged up his faltering opinion poll ratings at home. But in Pakistan it has stoked a crisis that threatens the country’s status as a US client state.
 
Yuri Prasad: Pakistan: Poor pay price for West’s agenda
Socialist Worker nr. 2250, maj 11 – side 3
Note: Western commentators were quick to blame Pakistan for allowing Bin Laden to hide in Abbottabad—a military town just miles from the capital Islamabad.
 
Yuri Prasad + Sartaj Khan: Crisis and conflict in Pakistan
International Socialism Journal nr. 126, apr 10 – side 29
Note: Sartaj Khan of the International Socialists of Pakistan spoke to Yuri Prasad about growing nationalist and ethnic tensions and the need for a working class response.
 
Alen Stefanovski: Pakistan – en ny frontlinie i krigen mod terror
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 295, feb 10 – side 2
Note: „Krigen mod terror“ har ødelagt Irak og Afghanistan og udløst ødelæggende konflikter i Yemen, Somalia og Pakistan. I Pakistan har USA intensiveret sin tilstedeværelse med bombninger ved den nordvestlige grænse, som støder op til Afghanistan. Dette bliver gjort med ubemandende fly, hvilket resulterer i store ødelæggelser og mange civile ofre i det, Obama kalder for AfPak-krigen.
 
Yuri Prasad: Pakistan: Faultline of the war on terror
Socialist Worker nr. 2182, dec 09 – side 8
Note: Yuri Prasad looks at the current situation in the country
 
Pakistan: What is the root of the crisis?
Socialist Worker nr. 2182, dec 09 – side 9
Note: Pakistan was formed in 1947 when the British Empire partitioned the Indian subcontinent as it withdrew.
 
Sartaj Khan: Analysis: Imperialism, religion and class in Swat
International Socialism Journal nr. 123, jul 09 – side 21
Note: The Pakistan military claimed at the beginning of June that it had achieved success in its all-out assault on Taliban insurgents after driving more than two million people from the Swat Valley and other areas of the north west of the country.
 
Gul Pasand + Ali Hassan: Refugees organise in Pakistan
Socialist Review nr. 338, jul 09 – side 21
Note: Ali Hassan and Gul Pasand of International Socialists Pakistan visited the Jalala refugee camp near Peshawar and found a mood to organise against the military assault.
 
Asim Jaan + Geoff Brown: Pakistans nye katastrofe
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 289, jun 09 – side 12
Note: Pakistans seneste angreb på Swat-regionen har udløst en dyb politisk krise i landet. Geoff Brown vurderer situationen sammen med Asim Jaan, en pakistansk socialist.
 
Asim Jaan + Geoff Brown: Pakistan's new catastrophe
Socialist Review nr. 337, jun 09 – side 14
Note: Recent attacks on the Swat region of Pakistan have caused a deep political crisis in the country. Geoff Brown looks at the situation and talks with Asim Jaan, a socialist based in Karachi, about the impact of the offensive and how the left is responding.
 
Salim Haidrani: Letters: Pakistan: Left needed
Socialist Review nr. 336, maj 09 – side 8
Note: Geoff Brown's analysis of Pakistan shows how a country which was the product of British imperialism continues to support the proxy wars of the US in the region (Feature, Socialist Review, April 2009).
 
Geoff Brown: Pakistan on the brink
Socialist Review nr. 335, apr 09 – side 15
Note: As the protest movement in Pakistan scores a victory, the Afghanistan war threatens increasing instability along the countries' shared border. Geoff Brown assesses this key faultline of US imperialism.
 
Simon Assaf: Truce in Pakistan is a blow to US war aims in Afghanistan
Socialist Worker nr. 2139, feb 09 – side 16
Note: Unmanned US Predator drones are continuing to wreak death in Pakistan’s tribal areas despite a peace deal signed between the government and insurgents in the country.
 
Pakistan: On the edge
Socialist Worker nr. 2129, nov 08 – side 9
Note: Pakistan is facing economic collapse. Inflation has soared to a 30-year high and in October its currency plunged to an all-time low.
 
Jonathan Neale: Afghan war: Instability grows as the US bombs Pakistan
Socialist Worker nr. 2119, sep 08 – side 5
Note: The resistance to the occupation of Afghanistan is growing, spreading and winning. In response, a frightened US military is edging closer to war with Pakistan.
 
Riaz Ahmed: War and poverty – faultlines in Pakistan
Socialist Worker nr. 2117, sep 08 – side 4
Note: Recent political instability in Pakistan has highlighted the strategic role the country plays in the US-led “war on terror”. Riaz Ahmed, a socialist activist in Pakistan, spoke to Socialist Worker about the war, the recent resignation of President Pervez Musharraf and the prospects for the working class.
 
Talat Ahmed: Pakistan: The US's man has left
Socialist Review nr. 328, sep 08 – side 4
Note: In a long resignation speech, General Pervez Musharraf, dictator of Pakistan, finally stood down last month. The “hard man” of Pakistani politics looked pathetic as he claimed to be acting “for the good of the country” and placing himself in “the hands of the people”.
 
Editorial: Pakistan spirals into ever deeper instability
Socialist Worker nr. 2116, aug 08 – side 12
Note: With US and Nato casualties rising in Afghanistan, Pakistan is coming under yet more pressure to crack down on insurgents around the country's 1,500 mile border with Afghanistan.
 
Yuri Prasad: Key Bush ally Musharraf forced out of power in Pakistan
Socialist Worker nr. 2115, aug 08 – side 16
Note: One of George Bush’s favourite dictators fell on his sword this week. Pervez Musharraf, the former general and president of Pakistan, resigned rather than face impeachment by the country’s parliament.
 
Pakistan military submits to US orders
Socialist Worker nr. 2113, aug 08 – side 5
Note: The government of Pakistan has agreed to US demands to send its army into the restive border areas with Afghanistan. But it claims it will limit its actions to “special forces” operations involving assassinations of rebel leaders.
 
US meddles in Pakistan’s affairs
Socialist Worker nr. 2101, maj 08 – side 3
Note: The havoc wreaked by the US’s “war on terror” created further instability in Pakistan this week after Nawaz Sharif and his allies quit the country’s governing coalition on Monday.
 
Yuri Prasad: Pakistan: Beating of Dr Riaz Ahmed sparks protests against Musharraf's regime
Socialist Worker nr. 2096, apr 08 – side 4
Note: The savage beating of democracy activist Riaz Ahmed by armed police last week is a mark of how little has changed in Pakistan since February's election rebuffed US-backed dictator Pervez Musharraf.
 
Talat Ahmed: Book review: Frontline Pakistan
Socialist Review nr. 324, apr 08 – side 27
Note: Zahid Hussain, IB Tauris, £9.99
Terms such as "Talibanisation" and "failed state" are often used to describe the inevitable crisis in Pakistan. As the US pursues Islamist militants across western Asia and the Middle East, its relentless war machine has plunged Pakistan into a political nightmare.
 
Yuri Prasad: After the election: Where next for Pakistan?
Socialist Worker nr. 2090, mar 08 – side 8
Note: Last week’s crushing election defeat for US ally general Musharraf may have caused panic in the Bush administration, but the victors are still wedded to the “war on terror”.
 
Yasser Chaudhary: Voices from Pakistan: ‘A revolution has begun’
Socialist Worker nr. 2090, mar 08 – side 9
Note: Interviews with people around the country by Yasser Chaudhary, a journalist from east London who has just returned from a research trip to Pakistan.
 
Yuri Prasad: Musharraf humiliated in Pakistan assembly vote
Socialist Worker nr. 2089, feb 08 – side 2
Note: In a blow to US-backed dictators the world over, voters in Pakistan have decisively rejected the country’s president Pervez Musharraf and his crackdown on the county’s democratic institutions.
 
Pakistan spirals out of control
Socialist Worker nr. 2086, feb 08 – side 2
Note: While Pakistan’s president Pervez Musharraf was in London being praised by Gordon Brown as a “key ally in the war on terrorism”, his country’s border with Afghanistan was in flames.
 
Unjum Mirza: Pakistan: Making peace with Washington
Socialist Review nr. 322, feb 08 – side 4
Note: The crisis of legitimacy faced by Pakistani dictator Pervez Musharraf has been exacerbated by the assassination of Benazir Bhutto last December.
 
Haroon Khalid: Pakistan i krise efter Benazir Bhuttos død
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 275, jan 08 – side 1
Note: Mordet på Benazir Bhutto i slutningen af december har yderligere destabiliseret Pakistan. Haroon Khalid fra Internationale Socialister i Pakistan fortæller om situationen.
 
Analysis: Pakistan: over the edge?
International Socialism Journal nr. 117, jan 08 – side 5
Note: The title of article we ran on Pakistan 18 months ago was “On the Edge of Instability”. Now the country is well inside the arc of instability created by the “war on terror”, adding to the multitude of problems besetting US and British imperialism all the way from the Horn of Africa to the Indus.
 
Tariq Ali: Benazir Bhutto: A tragedy born of military despotism and anarchy
Note: The assassination of Benazir Bhutto heaps despair upon Pakistan. Now her party must be democratically rebuilt (The Guardian)
 
Tariq Ali: Benazir Bhutto: Daughter of the West
Note: Arranged marriages can be a messy business. Designed principally as a means of accumulating wealth, circumventing undesirable flirtations or transcending clandestine love affairs, they often don’t work. (London Review of Books)
 
Tariq Ali: The General in his Labyrinth
Note: If there is a single consistent theme in Pervez Musharraf’s memoir, it is the familiar military dogma that Pakistan has fared better under its generals than under its politicians. (London Review of Books)
 
Tariq Ali: Pakistan at Sixty
Note: The Trouble with Pakistan (London Review of Books)
 
Further destabilisation as Benazir Bhutto murdered in Pakistan (online only)
Socialist Worker nr. 2082, dec 07 
Note: Benazir Bhutto, the former prime minister of Pakistan, was murdered today in a brutal suicide bomb attack that also claimed the lives of at least 20 of her supporters.
 
Riaz Ahmed: Protests defy military rule in Pakistan
Socialist Worker nr. 2079, dec 07 – side 6
Note: Last week was very eventful for the left in Karachi.
 
Esme Choonara: Hvilken vej for bevægelsen i Pakistan?
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 274, nov 07 – side 7
Note: Demonstranterne modstår fortsat den brutale statsundertrykkelse i Pakistan.
 
Esme Choonara: Pakistan: Where next for the movement?
Socialist Worker nr. 2078, nov 07 – side 2
Note: Protesters continue to defy brutal state repression in Pakistan.
Thousands of lawyers, human rights activists and other campaigners have been imprisoned since General Musharraf declared martial law on 3 November.
 
Riaz Ahmed: Students intensify Pakistan protests
Socialist Worker nr. 2077, nov 07 – side 6
Note: The spectre of defeat haunts the dictatorship of Pervez Musharraf and his supporters. Musharraf had thought that silencing the news media by imposing martial law on 3 November would stop the emergence of a movement against him.
 
Editorial: Democracy in Pakistan will not come from Benazir Bhutto
Socialist Worker nr. 2077, nov 07 – side 12
Note: As brave lawyers and democracy activists battle it out with General Musharraf’s police, the British and US establishments have been busy behind the scenes.
 
Esme Choonara: Protesters defy Pakistan's dictator General Musharraf
Socialist Worker nr. 2076, nov 07 – side 16
Note: Socialist Worker went to press just three days after Musharraf declared a state of emergency in Pakistan, but already several thousand human rights activists, lawyers and left wing campaigners had been arrested.
 
Riaz Ahmed: Pakistan crisis: Eyewitness report from Karachi
Socialist Worker nr. 2076, nov 07 – side 16
Note: Within 24 hours of it being declared, over 200 people defied the state of emergency to gather on the steps of the Karachi press club.
 
Riaz Ahmed: Afghan war spreads into Pakistan
Socialist Worker nr. 2074, okt 07 – side 4
Note: The bombs in Karachi that ripped through the cavalcade returning former prime minister Benazir Bhutto from exile mark a major escalation of the “war on terror” in Pakistan.
 
Riaz Ahmed: Pakistan regime under pressure in Waziristan
Socialist Worker nr. 2073, okt 07 – side 4
Note: Mir Ali is a town of around 50,000 people in the Waziristan region of northern Pakistan. Last week the Pakistani military bombed it as part of its long running battle with Taliban forces in the area. An estimated 250 local people were killed, with Pakistan losing 47 soldiers.
 
Chris Harman: Pakistan on the edge of turmoil
Socialist Worker nr. 2070, sep 07 – side 8
Note: Pakistan is facing growing instability as a result of its role in the US-led “war on terror”. Chris Harman looks at the dilemmas facing its rulers and the background to current events.
 
Geoff Brown: The long struggle for justice in Pakistan
Socialist Worker nr. 2052, maj 07 – side 4
Note: Geoff Brown outlines some of the key fault lines in the state that emerged in 1947 from the wreckage of British rule in India, and their impact today
 
Pakistan protests throw Musharraf’s regime into crisis
Socialist Worker nr. 2043, mar 07 – side 4
Note: A growing crisis threatens military rule in Pakistan, a key US ally in the “war on terror”.
 
Geoff Brown: Pakistan: on the edge of instability
International Socialism Journal nr. 110, mar 06 – side 113
Note: As George W Bush weighs up the odds of military action against Iran, one factor his administration will be taking into consideration is instability in Pakistan. This longtime US client state lies at one end of the arc of instability caused by the US’s occupation of Iraq and Afghanistan.
 
Mulig atomkrig mellem Indien og Pakistan: USA har en beskidt finger med i spillet
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 204, jul 02 – side 4
Note: Millioner af dræbte den første dag. Det er den sandsynlige konsekvens, hvis striden mellem Indien og Pakistan ender i en væbnet konflikt med brug af atomvåben.
 
Pakistanske protester kan stoppe USA’s krig
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 198, nov 01 – side 4
Note: Siden bomberne begyndte at falde i Afghanistan, er situationen i nabolandet Pakistan blevet stadig mere spændt.
 
Sabby Sagall: Prospects for Pakistan
Socialist Review nr. 120, maj 89 – side 21
Note: Four socialists in Pakistan talks to SWR about the country's future under prime minister Benazir Bhutto.
 
Nigel Harris: Survey: Pakistan: Feb. 14
International Socialism Journal (1st series) nr. 36, apr 69 – side 5
Note: For the first time in its history, the regime of Ayub Khan looks very close to collapse. The continuous opposition within the country throughout Ayub’s rule has at long last achieved a wider movement. In the past, the opposition has been fragmentary, isolated and often regionalised. In particular, this opposition has been generated in East Pakistan, separated by a thousand miles of Indian territory from the capital in the West.
 
Kina
Jane Hardy + Sally Kincaid + Adrian Budd: Videos: China, World Capitalism And Workers’ Resistance
International Socialism Journal nr. 146, apr 15 
Note: Videos of some of the talks at our day school on China, 28 February 2015.
 
Vincent Sung: The birth of a new generation under tear gas: the umbrella movement in Hong Kong
International Socialism Journal nr. 144, okt 14 
Note: The Umbrella Movement, which involves every walk of life in Hong Kong, is entirely different from Hong Kong’s previous mass protests in the past few decades. This is due to its unprecedented methods of struggle, massive disruption of public order, its peacefulness and its spontaneity. The political issue was its triggering point, but there are profound social and economical tensions underlying the movement.
 
Marie Jæger: Klassekamp i Kina
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 339, jun 14 – side 8
Note: Nike, Adidas, Converse og Puma får bl.a. deres sko produceret på skofabrikken Yue Yuen i Guangdong-provinsen, Kina.
 
Marie Jæger: Den Himmelske Freds Plads, Beijing, 5. juni 1989
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 339, jun 14 – side 9
Note: En enkelt ukendt demonstrant, kun bevæbnet med en indkøbspose i hver hånd, stiller sig i vejen for en konvoj af tungt bevæbnede kampvogne, der kommer kørende imod ham.
 
Simon Gilbert: Review: Can China’s trade unions be reformed?
International Socialism Journal nr. 141, jan 14 – side 218
Note: Tim Pringle, Trade Unions in China: The Challenge of Labour Unrest (Routledge, 2013), £26.99
When workers at the Nanhai Honda car plant in China’s Pearl River Delta went on strike in 2010, they first had to fight off a gang of thugs sent by their own trade union. By the time they returned to work they had won not only pay rises of up to 33 percent, but also the right to elect their own union representatives. The local union office was forced to make a rather grudging apology too.
 
Charlie Hore: Book review: Au Loong Yu: China’s Rise: Strength and Fragility
Socialist Review nr. 382, jul 13 – side 25
Note: China’s rise to being a major global economic power has involved a fundamental remaking of the Chinese working class. Over the past 20 years, several hundred million peasants have left their villages to become workers in the new exporting factories that have grown up in China’s coastal provinces.
 
Kim Ha-young: Imperialism and instability in East Asia today
International Socialism Journal nr. 138, apr 13 – side 21
Note: During the last two to three years tension and conflict have been increasing in East Asia. In 2012 this tendency was evident in the South China Sea, the East China Sea and the area round the Korean peninsula.
 
Sally Kincaid: Review: Cultural revelations
International Socialism Journal nr. 138, apr 13 – side 221
Note: Paul Clark, Youth Culture in China (Cambridge University Press, 2012), £18.99
Paul Clark is a professor in Modern Chinese Popular Culture at the University of Auckland, so there is no doubt this book will end up on the essential reading list for university courses in Chinese culture in the future.
 
Strejkerne i Kina er så udbredte at de ikke kan stoppes
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 327, mar 13 – side 13
Note: En bølge af arbejderkampe gør livet svært for magthaverne i Kina. Og ifølge den tidligere fagforeningsaktivist Han Dongfang er der nu for mange strejker og utilfredse arbejdere til at myndighederne kan undertrykke det.
 
Simon Gilbert: Crisis and Resistance in China
Irish Marxist Review (Irland) nr. 5, mar 13 – side 65
Note: In September last year around 2,000 workers at a Foxconn plant in Taiyuan, capital of the inland province of Shaanxi, rioted when a worker was viciously beaten by security guards. Up to 5,000 police were called in after windows were smashed and cars damaged.
 
Jane Hardy + Adrian Budd: China’s capitalism and the crisis
International Socialism Journal nr. 133, jan 12 – side 65
Note: Major wars and economic crises force the pace of change within and between capitalist states, giving rise to new alignments and shifts in the geopolitics of world capitalism.
 
Sally Kincaid: What’s past is prologue
International Socialism Journal nr. 133, jan 12 – side 214
Note: Gail Hershatter, The Gender of Memory: Rural Women and China’s Collective Past (University of California Press, 2011), £34.95
Everyone has a regret that they didn’t ask elderly relatives to tell their story before they died.
 
Truckers close Shanghai port
Socialist Worker nr. 2249, apr 11 – side 4
Note: Truck drivers have shut down the world’s biggest port—for five days. And their strike has forced significant concessions from bosses and the Chinese government.
 
Jens Andersen: Strejker breder sig i Kina
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 299, jul 10 – side 4
Note: Strejker, demonstrationer og konfrontationer med politieter blevet et mere normalt syn i Kina over de senere år. Alene fra 2008 til 2009 mere end fordobledes antallet af disse, hvilket især skyldtes protester imod fabrikslukninger.
 
Charlie Hore: Book Review: Class struggle in China
International Socialism Journal nr. 125, jan 10 – side 219
Note: William Hurst, The Chinese Worker After Socialism (Cambridge University Press, 2009), £55
 
Charlie Hore: Will this be China's century?
Socialist Review nr. 343, jan 10 – side 22
Note: China is now widely tipped to challenge the power and dominance of the US in the next few decades. In the final part of our series on China, Charlie Hore assesses the global implications of China's economic growth and the impact of workers' struggles on the regime.
 
Sadie Robinson: Is China to blame for climate change?
Socialist Worker nr. 2179, nov 09 – side 4
Note: Bitter rows over who is responsible for climate change lie behind much of the dithering by world leaders in the run up to the United Nations climate talks in Copenhagen next month.
 
Simon Gilbert: Where now for China?
Socialist Worker nr. 2161, jul 09 – side 13
Note: Riots in the Xinjiang province of north west China have shone a light on more than just the ethnic tensions running through the country, argues Simon Gilbert.
 
Siân Ruddick: Chinese state crackdown brings more fear
Socialist Worker nr. 2160, jul 09 – side 4
Note: Violent clashes in the Xinjiang region of China have thrown a spotlight on ethnic divisions in the country and the role of the heavily militarised Chinese state.
 
Siân Ruddick: Oppression behind clashes in China
Socialist Worker nr. 2159, jul 09 – side 4
Note: Protests by the Muslim Uighur minority in the west of China are an explosion of rage against their persecution
 
Jeong Seong-jin: Book review: Karl Marx in Beijing
International Socialism Journal nr. 123, jul 09 – side 195
Note: Giovanni Arrighi, Adam Smith in Beijing (Verso, 2007), £14.99
In South Korea the writings of Giovanni Arrighi have become popular among a section of the intellectual left who have wholeheartedly adopted his reworking of Marxism and welcomed his positive appraisal of a possible China-centred future. Jeong’s polemical attack on Arrighi’s concept of a “non-capitalist market society” should therefore also be understood in the context of South Korean left politics.
 
Charlie Hore: Book review: China’s place in the world
International Socialism Journal nr. 123, jul 09 – side 220
Note: Shaun Breslin, China and the Global Political Economy (Macmillan, 2009), £19.99
Jenny Clegg, China’s Global Strategy (Pluto, 2009) £19.99
Nobody knows how long or how deep the world economic recession is likely to be. For China the stakes are especially high. Will the world’s fastest economic growth rate turn into the worst decline? Or will the innate dynamism of the Chinese economy allow the country to survive relatively unscathed?
 
Charlie Hore: Book Review: When China rules the world (online only)
Socialist Review nr. 338, jul 09 
Note: Martin Jacques, Allen Lane; £25.00
One of the most striking features of China's rise has been its sheer speed. Thirty years ago the Chinese economy was essentially stagnant, and accounted for less than 1 percent of world trade. Since then it has grown by around 10 percent a year almost without interruption, and has become the third largest trading economy (behind the US and Germany). So it's hardly surprising that most commentators assume that this will carry on indefinitely.
 
Matthew Cookson: Den Himmelske Freds Plads 1989: Kinas opstand
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 289, jun 09 – side 14
Note: For tyve år siden slog Kinas diktatoriske regime ned på en landsomfattende demokratibevægelse. Matthew Cookson ser her på arven efter opstanden på Den Himmelske Freds Plads.
 
Charlie Hore: Kina på den økonomiske verdensscene
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 289, jun 09 – side 15
Note: Kina stod ikke bare overfor en politisk krise i 1989 – det var også en økonomisk krise. Den kinesiske økonomi voksede massivt gennem 1980‘erne, men den kom i stigende grad ud af de kinesiske lederes kontrol.
 
Trouble in China
Socialist Worker nr. 2130, dec 08 – side 2
Note: The dramatic fall in the US economy came as official unemployment rates in China were set to rise to 4.5 percent – the highest in a decade.
 
Li Qiang: Letter from ...: China
Socialist Review nr. 328, sep 08 – side 9
Note: The Beijing Olympics prompted attacks from many in the West over China's human rights record. But, argues Li Qiang, Western multinationals are central to the exploitation of Chinese workers.
 
Alex Callinicos: Olympian hoo-hah over China power
Socialist Worker nr. 2114, aug 08 – side 4
Note: I find the Olympics irritating at the best of times. Two weeks of corporate-sponsored flag-waving in honour of a bunch of muscle-bound dullards is not my cup of tea. But the orgy of China-bashing surrounding the Beijing Olympics is enough to make one spew.
 
Editorial: Olympics: Repression behind corporate festival
Socialist Worker nr. 2112, aug 08 – side 12
Note: In the final weeks before the Olympic games begin in Beijing, the Chinese state has cracked down on “undesirables” – human rights activists, migrant workers from western China and the city’s poor.
 
Charlie Hore: Reviews – Books: Floris-Jan van Luyn: A Floating City of Peasants
Socialist Review nr. 325, maj 08 – side 28
Note: China's economic boom is largely powered by migrant workers, peasants who have moved to the cities in the largest migration in human history. Currently there are between 120 and 150 million migrants in the cities, yet very little is known about their lives and ambitions, which makes this book particularly welcome.
 
Charlie Hore: China's growth pains
International Socialism Journal nr. 118, apr 08 – side 139
Note: This summer’s Olympic Games, planned to be among the most spectacular ever, will underline the extent to which China has become a major economic and political power. But 2008 may also be the year when the long-predicted recession finally hits world capitalism—and that would have a profound effect on the Chinese economy.
 
Simon Gilbert: The first emperor and after: analysing Imperial China
International Socialism Journal nr. 118, apr 08 – side 171
Note: Will Hutton, in his book on China, The Writing on the Wall, writes, “To understand today’s China we need to understand how and why Imperial China succeeded and failed and how it illuminates economic development in the past and present.”
 
Alex Callinicos: China’s complex problem for George Bush
Socialist Worker nr. 2094, mar 08 – side 4
Note: The Chinese crackdown in Tibet has raised the pitch of criticism of China’s government in the US. Calls for a boycott of the Olympics, originally in protest at China’s support for the Sudanese regime, are gaining strength.
 
Charlie Kimber: China’s role in Darfur does not excuse US crimes
Socialist Worker nr. 2089, feb 08 – side 4
Note: Film director Steven Spielberg has won wide praise for his decision to withdraw as artistic adviser to the 2008 Olympics in protest at China’s role in the Darfur conflict.
 
John Chen + Michael Liu: Resistance and the Chinese boom
Socialist Worker nr. 2082, dec 07 – side 8
Note: The contradictions at the heart of the Chinese economy are leading to both protests and repression. John Chen and Michael Liu look at the prospects for the growth of a new workers’ movement.
Alt. url: Dansk oversættelse
 
Tim Shepherd: The fight for labour rights in China’s cities
Socialist Worker nr. 2081, dec 07 – side 3
Note: Brutal oppression of workers underlies China’s economic boom.
 
Hsiao-Hung Pai: Frontlines: No child's play – workers and the deadly toys
Socialist Review nr. 320, dec 07 – side 6
Note: Just as people are getting ready for Christmas shopping, tens of millions of toys have been found to pose a health hazard – not only to children in the West, but also to those producing them in China.
 
Alex Callinicos: Reclaiming the ideas of Marxism in China
Socialist Worker nr. 2075, nov 07 – side 4
Note: Alex Callinicos examines how the relationship between Western Capitalism and China is leading to a rebirth of interest in Marxist ideas.
 
Charlie Hore: Modern China: Growth in Chinese inequality leads to rise in protest
Socialist Worker nr. 2066, sep 07 – side 6
Note: In the final part of our series Charlie Hore looks at the insecurity facing people in China today.
 
Charlie Hore: Modern China: Deng Xiaoping: economic ‘dynamism’ that ended in chaos
Socialist Worker nr. 2065, aug 07 – side 4
Note: In the second part of our series, Charlie Hore looks at China’s transformation in the 1980s.
 
Charlie Hore: Modern China: Mao Zedong and the Chinese Revolution
Socialist Worker nr. 2064, aug 07 
Note: In the first part of our new series Charlie Hore looks at the impact of the Communist Party’s victory.
 
Charlie Hore: The Chinese revolution of 1925 to 1927 – an unnecessary tragedy
Socialist Worker nr. 2053, jun 07 – side 13
Note: Eighty years ago China saw the possibility for change in its revolution of 1925-7, but faith in nationalist 'allies' led to its defeat, writes Charlie Hore
 
Charlie Hore: Mao out of context
International Socialism Journal nr. 110, mar 06 – side 135
Note: A review of Jung Chang and Jon Halliday, Mao: The Untold Story (Jonathan Cape, 2005), £25.
Chang and Halliday set out their agenda from the book’s opening words: ‘Mao Zedong, who for decades held absolute power over one quarter of the world’s population, was responsible for well over 70 million deaths in peacetime, more than any other 20th century leader’ (p3).
 
Sue Sparks: Actually existing capitalism
International Socialism Journal nr. 110, mar 06 – side 180
Note: A review of Martin Hart-Landsberg and Paul Burkett: "China and Socialism: Market Reforms and Class Struggle" (Monthly Review Press, 2005), £13.99
 
Chris Harman: China’s economy and Europe’s crisis
International Socialism Journal nr. 109, dec 05 – side 69
Note: The message is repeated over and over again: ‘Europe has to change because of the rise of China and India.’ To question it, as the majority of French people did in last year’s referendum and millions of Germans in the general election, is supposed to be like saying the Earth is flat.
 
Simon Gilbert: China's strike wave
International Socialism Journal nr. 107, jun 05 – side 164
Note: China jumped into third place in the world export league last year. But it is also seeing a rarely reported wave of workers' struggles. Simon Gilbert describes it.
 
Kim Yong-wuk: China: Working like oxen, but fighting like tigers
Socialist Worker nr. 1930, dec 04 – side 4
Note: China’s economic boom is leading to increasing confidence and militancy among many groups of workers.
 
Charlie Hore: China's century?
International Socialism Journal nr. 103, jun 04 – side 3
Note: China's economic growth over the last two decades has shifted the global balance of power and is now the US's greatest potential challenger. Indeed, the Project for a New American Century is focused on repelling this challenge. But who is benefitting from China's growth, and at what price? Charlie Hore examines the contradictions of China's boom, and the impact on workers of a repressive regime tying itself to an increasingly vulnerable system of global capitalism.
 
Kristine Haugaard: Ingen ytringsfrihed til kineserne
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 226, mar 04 – side 5
Note: ... Enhver har ret til ytringsfrihed; denne ret skal omfatte frihed til at søge, modtage og meddele oplysninger og tanker af enhver art uden hensyn til landegrænser, i mundtlig, skriftlig eller trykt form, i form af kunst eller ved andre midler efter eget valg.
 
Sheng-wu-lien: Whither China? (1968)
Note: This document from the Sheng-wu-lien (Hunan Provincial Revolutionary Great Alliance Committee) was one of the more interesting oppositional documents to emerge out of the struggles unleashed by the Cultural Revolution in China.
With an Introduction by Tony Cliff.
 
Nigel Harris: The Mandate of Heaven. Marx and Mao in Modern China (1978)
Note: The original blurb for this book read as follows:
"China’s transformation from a poor country devastated by war into a major world power is a modern legend. But how did this change come about? What are the real living conditions of the peasants and workers? Why, when apparently united in their beliefs, are Russia and China enemies? And why, if Mao is right, must Marx be wrong?
Using publications from the People’s Republic and his own extensive research, Nigel Harris has written a serious critique of the history, aims and actions of the communist Party in China."
Obviously much has changed in the almost quarter century since the book was written, but it is still a valuable, even indispensible, guide to the background to current developments in China.
(The web publication is not complete.)
 
Charlie Hore: China: Whose Revolution? (1987)
Note: The Chinese Revolution was one of the most momentous events of the 20th century. For a quarter of the human race it seemed to open the way to eradicate the roots of poverty and famine, to build a better society.
But whose revolution was it? Few socialists today look to China for inspiration. The illusions of "Maoism" have been systematically shattered. The Cultural Revolution has been revealed as a major disaster. Today China is becoming more and more part of the world system it once seemed to want to overthrow.
Beneath the hopes of the millions and the rhetoric of their leaders, was the "socialist" nature of the Chinese state ever more than a myth? In this pamphlet Charlie Hore looks at the past and the present in order to set out what the Chinese experience has to offer for socialists.
 
Peter Kjær: Strejker og uro i Kina
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 183, jun 00 – side 4
Note: I den nordlige by Liaoyang strejkede tusindene af statsansatte metalarbejdere, for at få udbetalt løn, pensioner og penge til fyrede og pensionerede arbejdere.
 
Kina: Hårde angreb på politisk opposition
Socialistisk Revy nr. 12, feb 99 – side 13
Note: Den kinesiske regering strammer kursen overfor politiske modstandere.
 
Charlie Lywood: Kommentar: Deng døde alt for sent
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 153, feb 97 – side 2
Note: Slagteren fra Tiananmen Pladsen Deng Xiaopeng er død, og verdens politikere faldt straks over hinanden for at rose en af deres egne.
 
(Hong Kong: 6 årsdag for Tiananmen)
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 117, jul 95 – side 7
 
Charlie Hore: Bookwatch: China since Mao
International Socialism Journal nr. 67, jun 95 – side 171
Note: China is one area of the world which seems untouched by the revolutions which swept away the political systems of Eastern Europe. But China has been wracked by revolt, as Charlie Hore's Bookwatch shows.
 
Karsten Aaen: Kina 1925-49: Arbejderne tabte – Mao vandt
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 53, okt 89 – side 10
Note: Den 1. oktober 1949 proklamerede formand Mao Den Kinesiske Folkerepublik, som to årtier senere skulle blive et symbol på socialismen for store dele af venstrefløjen, såvel i Danmark som i den øvrige verden.
 
Charlie Hore: China: Tiananmen Square and after
International Socialism Journal nr. 44, sep 89 – side 3
Note: The brutal imposition of martial law by China’s rulers last June broke the greatest popular revolt against the regime since Mao took power in 1949. Charlie Hore, basing himself on unique eyewitness accounts, gives a gripping account of that revolt.
‘China: Tiananmen Square and after’ also explains why the Chinese regime’s attempt to turn its centralised Stalinist economy towards the market led to a crisis. The article goes on to show that the crackdown has deepened the Chinese crisis, not solved it. Some of the crucial lessons that the movement must learn if it is to avoid similar tragic defeats are also spelt out.
 
Jakob Nerup: Kulturrevolutionen i Kina 1966-69: En blodig magtkamp
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 51, aug 89 – side 10
Note: Genlyden af larvefødder og geværild runger stadig efter massakren på Den Himmelske Freds Plads d. 4. juni. Og samtidigt ransager masser af gamle venstreorienterede deres hukommelse om folkekommunerne og kulturrevolutionen.
 
Poul Erik Kristensen: Kamp på Kinas gader
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 26, jan 87 – side 7
Note: På lige fod med de franske kollegaer har de kinesiske studenter vist fanen. Over hele landet har der været kæmpedemonstrationer – størst i Shanghai og Beijing. Også i Kina har store arbejdergrupper deltaget aktivt i kampen for udvidet demokrati.
 
George Gorton: China's 'market socialism' – can it work, and how far can it go?
International Socialism Journal nr. 34, dec 86 – side 42
 
Charlie Hore + Carsten Lorenzen: Maos kulturrevolution: Kinas blodige mareridt
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 22, sep 86 – side 10
Note: Regeringsembedsmænd blev trukket gennem gaderne af ophidsede menneskemængder. Millioner af rødgardister var til demonstrationer i Peking. Bachs og Beethovens værker blev afbrændt. Mao Zedong svømmede over Yangtse-floden – på rekordtid.
 
Martin B. Johansen: Kina – tilbage i folden
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 4, jan 85 – side 8
Note: Sidste år fejrede Kina 35-årsdagen for Folkerepublikkens oprettelse. Og det mest slående ved jubilæumsåret har været det omfattende opgør med Mao-tiden, som de kinesiske ledere er i gang med.
 
George Gorton: China since the Cultural Revolution
International Socialism Journal nr. 23, mar 84 – side 43
 
OCT (France) & SWP: China: revisionism in power?
International Socialism Journal nr. 3, dec 78 – side 100
Alt. url: 2nd part
 
Tony Cliff: Introduction to Whither China?
International Socialism Journal (1st series) nr. 37, jun 69 
Note: In IS 29 (Summer 1967) I wrote in an article on the Cultural Revolution in China; “While there is without doubt a ‘Bukharinist’ wing in the Chinese Communist Party, and a Stalinist (Maoist) wing ... there is not a Trotskyist or Left-Oppositionist wing.”
 
Sheng-wu-lien: Whither China?
International Socialism Journal (1st series) nr. 37, jun 69 – side 24
Note: The development of new productive forces in China today has brought in conflict the class that represents the new productive forces and the decaying class that represents the production relations which impede the progress of history.
 
Tony Cliff: The Chinese People’s Communes
International Socialism Journal (1st series) nr. 1, jun 60 
 
Tibet
Charlotte Bence: Book review: Sam Van Schaik: Tibet: A History
Socialist Review nr. 359, jun 11 – side 28
Note: Tibet is arguably most famous for its relationship with China, and for the Dalai Lama – but there is a lot more to it than that. You can only understand Tibet in the 21st century if you have an understanding of its fascinating history. Sam Van Schaik's book is a fabulous introduction to that rich history.
 
Charlie Hore: China, Tibet and the left
International Socialism Journal nr. 119, jul 08 – side 75
Note: The riots and protests in Tibet earlier this year were the most significant since China’s takeover in the 1950s. Together with the protests that have accompanied the Olympic torch relay around the world, they have shown that Tibetan nationalism remains a potent force and that opposition to the Chinese occupation is still widespread. But the international left has been divided on whether to support the Tibetan protesters.
 
Charlie Hore: Tibet rises up against decades of oppression
Socialist Worker nr. 2093, mar 08 – side 3
Note: Tibet was rocked by its biggest uprising for almost 20 years this week as protesters fought running battles against police. China’s rulers responded by sealing off the province from the media and instituting a brutal crackdown.
 
Japan
Se også: Borgerl. rev.: Japan
Dave Handley: Voices from Japan: 'The government is not trying to protect us'
Socialist Worker nr. 2244, mar 11 – side 7
Note: Dave Handley writes from Kawasaki, Japan, about the growing anger and frustration at the government’s handling of the earthquake, tsunami and the devastating aftermath.
 
Jamie Allinson: Disaster exposes Japan's gap between rich and poor
Socialist Worker nr. 2244, mar 11 – side 7
Note: Japan is traumatised by the suffering and devastation caused by the earthquake and tsunami.
 
Sadie Robinson: Japan in crisis: Nuclear plants are never safe: Shut them all down
Socialist Worker nr. 2243, mar 11 – side 1
Note: Japan is facing nuclear ­meltdown. Explosions at its Fukushima nuclear plant, after an earthquake and tsunami, have released dangerous levels of radiation into the atmosphere—and the situation is rapidly getting worse.
 
Japan devastated as rich panic over markets
Socialist Worker nr. 2243, mar 11 – side 2
Note: Japan lies devastated by a massive earthquake and tsunami that have killed thousands of people, swept away entire cities and threatened nuclear catastrophe.
 
Meltdown risk: ‘There are many reactors in the area, many Chernobyls’
Socialist Worker nr. 2243, mar 11 – side 2
Note: A former nuclear power plant designer says Japan’s government is increasing the possibility of nuclear meltdown—and suppressing information about the scale of the crisis.
 
Fukushima – a history of nuclear failure
Socialist Worker nr. 2243, mar 11 – side 2
Note: The first reactor at Fukushima began commercial operation in March 1971. Just four years later, corrosion cracks showed up on the reactor.
 
Jamie Allinson: Lessons of last Japanese slump
Socialist Worker nr. 2150, maj 09 – side 6
Note: The impact of Japan’s economic crisis of the 1990s should offer a global warning
 
Jamie Allinson: Revolution from above: The Meiji restoration: the threat of West drove Japan’s revolt
Socialist Worker nr. 2097, apr 08 – side 6
Note: In the third part of our series on revolution from above Jamie Allinson explains how military competition forced Japan’s rulers to reorganise society.
 
Jamie Allinson: Election defeat for Japan's ruling party as system cracks
Socialist Worker nr. 2063, aug 07 – side 9
Note: The recent elections in Japan were a huge defeat for the ruling Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) and the right wing prime minister Shinzo Abe.
 
Jamie Allinson: Japan’s upper house elections disastrous for ruling party (online only)
Socialist Worker nr. 2062, aug 07 
Note: Last Sunday’s elections to the upper house of the Japanese parliament were a huge defeat for the ruling Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) and the right wing prime minister Shinzo Abe.
 
David McNeill: Japan: All in the family
Socialist Review nr. 259, jan 02 – side 26
Note: The history and myths behind Japan's imperial dynasty
Alt. url: Socialist Review Index
 
Colin Barker: Origins and Significance of the Meiji Restoration (1982)
Note: Originally distributed 1982 as a mimeographed hand-out.
 
David McNeill: Letter from Japan: Land of the falling yen
Socialist Review nr. 242, jun 00 – side 22
Note: Japan has gone from being the miracle economy of the 1980s to being the sick man of capitalism today. David McNeill reports on what is going wrong.
 
Alex Callinicos: Mørke udsigter for Solens Rige
Socialistisk Revy nr. 6, aug 98 – side 4
Note: “Situationen er ret så alvorlig,” indrømmede en højtstående embedsmand i det japanske finansministerium.
 
Chris Harman: Ved nærmere eftertanke: Kan krisen kureres?
Socialistisk Revy nr. 1, feb 98 – side 8
Note: Den økonomiske krise i Asien nægter at dø ud, og panikken og tvivlen begynder at melde sig hos borgerlige økonomer, forretningsfolk og politikere. Chris Harman gennemgår de forskellige forsøg på at forstå krisen, og hvad der skal gøres.
 
Colin Sparks + Sue Cockerill: Japan in crisis
International Socialism Journal nr. 72, sep 96 – side 27
Note: Japan's economy is touted as a model by Blair's supporters. But, as Susan Cockerill and Colin Sparks demonstrate, that country's economic miracle is fading faster than at any time in the post-war period.
 
Systemet på vrangen: Positive vibrationer
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 113, mar 95 – side 4
Note: Mens der endnu blev reddet mennesker ud af ruinerne efter jordskælvet i Japan, fandt japanske og australske forretningsfolk lommeregnerne frem.
 
Costas Kossis: A miracle without end? Japanese capitalism and the world economy
International Socialism Journal nr. 54, mar 92 – side 105
Note: Japanese capitalism may look like the part of the system that crisis has not reached but, argues Costas Kossis, appearances are deceptive. He looks beneath the surface to trace the fractures in the Japanese economic miracle.
 
Pia Larsen: Japan: Miraklet hviler på blod, sved og tårer
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 24, nov 86 – side 10
Note: At Japan fascinerer hele den vestlige verden, er vel ikke så underligt. Efter flere år med dyb krise, stor arbejdsløshed og dystre udsigter for handelsbalancerne i de fleste vestlige lande, så kan Japans udvikling forekomme som noget af et mirakel.
 
Nigel Harris: Japanese workers' struggles after the Second World War
International Socialism Journal nr. 24, jun 84 – side 123
 
Kan-ichi Kuroda: Japan
International Socialism Journal (1st series) nr. 2, sep 60 – side 27
Note: For over eighteen months and particularly in the period between April and June 1960 thousands of demonstrators repeatedly marched on the Japanese Diet with the aim of preventing the ratification of the new Japanese – United States Security Treaty.
 
Korea
Owen Miller: The haunted battlefield
International Socialism Journal nr. 110, mar 06 – side 183
Note: A review of Hwang Sok-yong, The Guest (Seven Stories Press, 2005), $27.95.
Korean writer Hwang Sok-yong’s recently translated novel The Guest concerns the Korean War (1950-53), one of the 20th century’s less remembered wars. The narrative is also a dizzying kaleidoscope of Korea’s modern history.
 
V. Karalasingham: The War in Korea (1950)
 
Nordkorea
Kim Yeong-Ik: Crisis in Korea
Socialist Review nr. 380, maj 13 – side 4
Note: The increasing tensions on the Korean peninsula over the last few months have brought a renewed sense of insecurity to many in the region.
 
Kim Ha-young: Imperialism and instability in East Asia today
International Socialism Journal nr. 138, apr 13 – side 21
Note: During the last two to three years tension and conflict have been increasing in East Asia. In 2012 this tendency was evident in the South China Sea, the East China Sea and the area round the Korean peninsula.
 
Kim Yeong-Ik: North Korea: A nuclear bogeyman created by the US
Socialist Worker nr. 2341, feb 13 – side 6
Note: North Korea’s state-controlled news agency, Korean Central, says that the country’s recent nuclear test was conducted to strengthen North Korea’s overall nuclear capabilities.
 
Kim Ha-young: Letter from ...: Letter from South Korea
Socialist Review nr. 354, jan 11 – side 9
Note: The recent artillery exchanges in the Korean peninsula come after a period of escalating tension in the region.
 
Kim Ha-young: North Korea: a divided history
Socialist Worker nr. 2073, okt 07 – side 13
Note: While North and South Korea are in peace talks, US threats towards the North remain. Ha-young Kim looks at the country’s story.
 
Owen Miller: North Korea’s hidden history
International Socialism Journal nr. 109, dec 05 – side 153
Note: Recent writing on North Korea from South Korea’s internationalist left
 
Afsked med en stor diktator
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 106, aug 94 – side 2
Note: Ved den nordkoreanske diktator Kim Il-sungs alt for sene død, nåede persondyrkelsen religiøse højder, der minder om 30’ernes dyrkelse af Stalin i Rusland.
 
Alex Callinicos: Korea: Vesten hykler frygt
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 105, jul 94 – side 6
Note: Det er det rene hykleri, når USA, der selv har tonsvis af atomvåben, truer Nordkorea, når de prøver at være med.
 
Peter Iversen: Nordkorea: USA truer igen
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 103, maj 94 – side 7
Note: I Koreakrigen kæmpede amerikanske soldater på slagmarken mod Nordkorea. I dag, mere end 40 år efter, fører USA stadigvæk stormagtspolitik på den koreanske halvø.
 
Sydkorea
Arbejder-Solidaritet (Sydkorea): Sydkorea: Rigsretsanklage mod afsat præsident
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 358, mar 17 – side 3
Note: Oppositionsaktivister i Sydkorea fejrer forfatningsdomstolens enstemmige beslutning om at holde fast ved rigsretsanklagen mod præsident Park Geun-hye.
 
Arbejder-Solidaritet (Sydkorea): Protesterne fortsætter i Sydkorea
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 356, jan 17 – side 13
Note: Protester har fyldt de sydkoreanske gader i november og december med kravet om præsident Park Geun-hyes øjeblikkelige tilbagetræden. Nogle demonstrationer har nået en million deltagere.
 
Arbejder-Solidaritet (Sydkorea): Sydkorea: Masse-demoer kan afslutte præsidentens liv i overflod
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 355, nov 16 
Note: Den største folkelige mobilisering i Sydkoreas historie har sat landet i stå i lørdags.
 
Arbejder-Solidaritet (Sydkorea): ‘Det er vores tur til at fyre dig,’ siger sydkoreanske arbejdere til præsidenten
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 355, nov 16 
Note: Som et tegn på det voksende pres for at få den sydkoreanske præsident Park Geun-hye til at træde tilbage, har hun meddelt, at parlamentsmedlemmer vil afgøre hendes skæbne på tirsdag.
 
Arbejder-Solidaritet (Sydkorea): Præsident-krise fokuserer modstanden i Sydkorea
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 354, okt 16 
Note: Titusinder af mennesker gik på gaden i Sydkoreas hovedstad Seoul lørdag den 29. oktober for at kræve, at præsident Park Geun-hye træder tilbage.
 
Kim Yeong-Ik: Crisis in Korea
Socialist Review nr. 380, maj 13 – side 4
Note: The increasing tensions on the Korean peninsula over the last few months have brought a renewed sense of insecurity to many in the region.
 
Kim Ha-young: Imperialism and instability in East Asia today
International Socialism Journal nr. 138, apr 13 – side 21
Note: During the last two to three years tension and conflict have been increasing in East Asia. In 2012 this tendency was evident in the South China Sea, the East China Sea and the area round the Korean peninsula.
 
CJ Park: Seoul protesters defy riot police
Socialist Worker nr. 2274, okt 11 – side 7
Note: Despite a thunderstorm and a total government ban, more than 1,000 people joined various demonstrations across South Korea’s capital, Seoul.
 
Kim Ha-young: Letter from ...: Letter from South Korea
Socialist Review nr. 354, jan 11 – side 9
Note: The recent artillery exchanges in the Korean peninsula come after a period of escalating tension in the region.
 
Ian Birchall: Support South Korean activists
Socialist Worker nr. 2116, aug 08 – side 2
Note: Socialist Worker recently reported on the demonstrations in South Korea against US beef imports. The huge protests have continued, showing great militancy and enthusiasm. But the country's right wing government, facing growing unpopularity, has turned to repressive measures against the movement.
 
South Koreans protest at Bush
Socialist Worker nr. 2113, aug 08 – side 3
Note: Thousands of protesters greeted George Bush on his arrival in Seoul, South Korea, on Tuesday of this week.
 
CJ Park: South Korea: Beef up the protests
Socialist Review nr. 327, jul 08 – side 4
Note: What began as a mass protest against the new right wing government's decision to resume US beef imports entered a new stage when around a million protesters took to the streets nationwide in South Korea on 10 June.
 
Owen Miller: Letters: South Korea’s hot spring
Socialist Worker nr. 2106, jun 08 – side 7
Note: I was lucky enough to be in Seoul, South Korea, during some of the recent protests, which began over the new government’s decision to lift the ban on US beef – which carries a risk of mad cow disease.
 
CJ Park: New mass protests shake South Korea
Socialist Worker nr. 2105, jun 08 – side 4
Note: Up to a million people gathered across South Korea on Tuesday of this week to commemorate the 21st anniversary of the 1987 June Struggle.
 
Louise Reynolds: South Koreans unite against war, corruption and neoliberalism (online only)
Socialist Worker nr. 2078, nov 07 
Note: Thousands of protesters converged in South Korea’s capital Seoul on Sunday 11 November for the biggest demonstration in recent years.
 
Mass protest in South Korea calls for troop withdrawal
Socialist Worker nr. 2077, nov 07 – side 6
Note: Workers, farmers, students and anti-war activists took part in a mass demonstration in Seoul, South Korea on Sunday of last week. The demonstration called for the withdrawal of troops from Iraq and Afghanistan, and for workers rights
 
Kim Ha-young + Choi Il-bung: South Korea: the view from the left
International Socialism Journal nr. 112, sep 06 – side 48
Note: Choi Il-bung and Kim Ha-young of the International Socialists of South Korea spoke to International Socialism about the political situation in South Korea and the possibility for the left to build today.
 
Jesper Høi Kanne: Kim Dae Jung: Fredspris til endnu en forbryder
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 187, nov 00 – side 4
Note: Nobels fredspris går i år til Sydkoreas præsident Kim Dae Jung.
 
Sydkorea: Regeringen angriber venstrefløjen
Socialistisk Revy nr. 5, jun 98 – side 4
Note: Det sydkoreanske styre har slået hårdt ned på venstrefløjs- og fagforeningsaktivister. Det hemmelige politi har anholdt 17 medlemmer af Internationale Socialister i Sydkorea og stormet Seoul Universitet. Dette skete i dagene efter, at politiet havde angrebet en 1. maj-demonstration.
 
Shin Gyoung-hee: The crisis and workers' movement in South Korea
International Socialism Journal nr. 78, mar 98 – side 39
Note: Shin Gyoung-hee writes from South Korea on the crisis of profitability which underlay that crash and on the prospects for the region's most militant and combative workers' movement.
 
Strejkebevægelse i Sydkorea: – Vi kæmper for friheden
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 151, jan 97 – side 3
Note: Den omfattende strejkebevægelse mod regimet i Sydkorea fortsætter. Regeringens brutale fremfærd har kun styrket modstanden
 
Jens Klüver: Sydkorea: Heksejagt på fagligt aktive
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 117, jul 95 – side 7
Note: Syd-Korea er stadigvæk et brutalt diktatur, hvor fagligt aktive og socialister jages året rundt.
 
Sydkorea: Socialist atter dømt
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 115, maj 95 – side 7
Note: Den sydkoreanske socialist Choi Il-bung er blevet dømt til 18 måneders fængsel. Han er blevet dømt efter de nationale sikkerhedslove, beskyldt for at samarbejde med fjenden, Nord-Korea.
 
Systemet på vrangen: Demokrati
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 112, feb 95 – side 4
Note: Den sydkoreanske præsident, Kim Jong Sam, bryder sig ikke om politisk opposition.
 
Jakob Nerup: Sydkorea: Socialister dømmes
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 112, feb 95 – side 6
Note: I Sydkorea falder der nu dom over fængslede socialister. De fængslede har brug for støtte fra demokrater verden over.
 
Martin B. Johansen: Sydkorea: Angreb på socialister
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 109, nov 94 – side 7
Note: Sydkorea ønsker udadtil at blive opfattet som et demokratisk land. Internt slår regimet hårdt ned på socialister.
 
Alex Callinicos: Korea: Vesten hykler frygt
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 105, jul 94 – side 6
Note: Det er det rene hykleri, når USA, der selv har tonsvis af atomvåben, truer Nordkorea, når de prøver at være med.
 
Nigel Harris: The Notebook: The Far East and Neo-Colonialism
International Socialism Journal (1st series) nr. 34, sep 68 – side 7
Note: South Korea and Taiwan (Formosa) are currently being offered by Washington as vivid examples of the possibility of ‘free enterprise’ development.
 
Indien
Jørn Andersen: 150 millioner i generalstrejke i Indien
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 347, sep 15 – side 15
Note: Den mange millioner store strejke 2. september mod BJP-regeringens arbejdsgiver-venlige politik ser ud til at have været en succes.
 
Rahul Patel: Book Review: Voices of the sipahis
International Socialism Journal nr. 146, apr 15 – side 219
Note: Gajendra Singh, The Testimonies of Indian Soldiers and the Two World Wars (Bloomsbury, 2014), £27.99
The 100th anniversary of the First World War has brought into scope the “hidden” role of Britain’s Indian colonial soldiers. The recruitment of Indian Sipahis (or sepoys—soldiers) into the British Indian Army was utterly and cynically based on martial and environmental race theories. British army recruiters applied deep-seated racist notions in determining the type of Indian recruit they could and wanted to keep in the colonial army. The essence of the notion of divide and rule was practised most in the military.
 
Chaz Singh: Sikhs unite against planned hanging of resistance fighter
Socialist Worker nr. 2297, apr 12 
Note: Across the world Sikhs have been angered by the first hanging planned by the Indian judiciary since 2004. The man due to be killed is Balwant Singh Rajoana. He readily admits his role in the 1990s armed resistance against the repression of Sikhs by the Indian state.
 
Indien: Verdenshistoriens største strejke
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 318, mar 12 – side 15
Note: Den 28. februar gik mere end 100 millioner mennesker i en 24 timers strejke i Indien, og dermed var Verden vidne til verdenshistoriens største strejke.
 
Anindya Bhattacharyya: India: Left Front facing possible election defeat
Socialist Worker nr. 2249, apr 11 – side 4
Note: Voting started this month for elections in the Indian state of West Bengal. It could spell the end for one of the region’s longest serving left wing governments.
 
John Newsinger: Book review: Forgotten famine
International Socialism Journal nr. 130, apr 11 – side 220
Note: Madhusree Mukerjee, Churchill’s Secret War: the British Empire and the Ravaging of India during the Second World War (Basic Books, 2010), £18.99
The Bengal Famine of 1943-44 is one of the most terrible episodes of the Second World War. According to Madhusree Mukerjee’s new book, the death toll has to be revised upwards from the generally accepted figure of 3.5 million men, women and children to over 5 million. Certainly, it was, as the Viceroy, Lord Wavell, put it, “one of the greatest disasters that has befallen any people under British rule”. And yet it has almost completely disappeared from the history books.
 
Yuri Prasad: Book reviews: A tangled tale
International Socialism Journal nr. 129, jan 11 – side 215
Note: History Commission, CPI (M) History of the Communist Movement in India: Volume 1 (Leftword, 2005), $25
 
Jairus Banaji: The ironies of Indian Maoism
International Socialism Journal nr. 128, okt 10 – side 129
Note: “A spectre is haunting South Asia—the spectre of Maoism,” the Financial Times rather melodramatically announced in April 2006, reporting that the Indian prime minister, Manmohan Singh, had described Maoist guerrillas as “the single greatest threat to Indian national security”.
 
Barry Pavier: Book Review: Reclaiming radicalism
International Socialism Journal nr. 125, jan 10 – side 211
Note: Talat Ahmed, Literature and politics in the Age of Nationalism, The Progressive Episode in South Asia, 1932-56 (Routledge, 2009), £50
Talat Ahmed has written a fine account of the All-India Progressive Writers Association which flourished between 1936 and 1956. In doing so she has rescued it from its frequent fate of being labelled as little more than a front organisation of the Communist Party of India.
 
Talat Ahmed: Gandhi: the man behind the myths
International Socialism Journal nr. 123, jul 09 – side 111
Note: “The saint has left our shores, I sincerely hope forever”.1 Jan Christiaan Smuts, a future South African prime minister, uttered these words in 1914. The saint was none other than Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi on his way home to India after 21 years in South Africa.
 
Dipankar Bhattacharya: India: String of surprises
Socialist Review nr. 337, jun 09 – side 13
Note: What does the Congress party victory in India's recent elections mean for the struggle against neoliberalism?
 
Yuri Prasad: India: Voters give Communists a battering
Socialist Worker nr. 2152, maj 09 – side 6
Note: India’s ruling Congress party this week returned to power following the country’s month-long election process which concluded at the weekend. The Congress-led alliance trounced its rivals, winning more than 260 seats, while the right wing Hindu chauvinist coalition mustered just 158.
But the biggest losers in the polls were the mainstream Communist Party, known as the CPIM, and the Left Front alliance that it dominates.
 
Kavita Krishnan: Letter from ...: India
Socialist Review nr. 333, feb 09 – side 9
Note: India's ruling class is growing ever closer to US imperialism, reports Kavita Krishnan.
 
Chris Harman: In perspective: India: Poverty behind the tiger
Socialist Review nr. 333, feb 09 – side 14
Note: India's growing economy has benefited a corrupt elite. But the masses only get poorer.
 
Yuri Prasad: What’s behind the Mumbai attacks?
Socialist Worker nr. 2130, dec 08 – side 8
Note: Indian politicians have been quick to blame the Pakistani state for acts of terrorism, but, argues Yuri Prasad, the gunmen’s motivation is more likely to be closer to home.
 
How the state got away with murder in Gujarat
Socialist Worker nr. 2130, dec 08 – side 9
Note: The anti-Muslim pogrom that killed an estimated 2,000 people in the western state of Gujarat in 2002 remains an open wound and an injustice at the heart of Indian politics.
 
Meena Menon: ‘Demand justice and peace’
Socialist Worker nr. 2130, dec 08 – side 9
Note: Meena Menon, from the group Focus on the Global South, sent Socialist Worker the following statement
 
Anindya Bhattacharyya: Mumbai massacre: War threats will only fuel terror
Socialist Worker nr. 2130, dec 08 – side 16
Note: The horrific terror attacks in the Indian city of Mumbai last week left up to 200 people dead. Countless more ordinary people’s lives will be lost if the tensions in the region escalate into war between India and Pakistan.
 
Statement on Mumbai attacks (online only)
Socialist Worker nr. 2129, nov 08 
Note: Socialist Worker is appalled at yesterday’s gun and grenade attacks in the centre of Mumbai and offers its condolences to the families of all those who have been killed or injured.
 
Yuri Prasad: Indian Communists punished for land grab
Socialist Worker nr. 2104, jun 08 – side 4
Note: On the face of it, it was business as usual last week in the Indian state of West Bengal as an alliance of parties headed by the Communist Party of India (Marxist), or CPI(M), won the state elections.
 
Esme Choonara: Review: Indian farmers’ fight for land takes centre stage
Socialist Worker nr. 2103, maj 08 – side 11
Note: Satinder Kaur Chohan spoke to Esme Choonara about Zameen, her new play on the disaster of big business’s control over Indian agriculture.
 
Barry Pavier: Review: India today
International Socialism Journal nr. 118, apr 08 – side 221
Note: Niveditya Menon and Aditya Nigam, Power and Contestation: India Since 1989 (Zed, 2007), £12.99
 
Kavita Krishnan: Letter from ...: India
Socialist Review nr. 320, dec 07 – side 9
Note: Peasants and small farmers across India are fighting government land grabs for "Special Economic Zones", where multinational companies can make their own laws.
 
Aditya Sarkar: Nandigram: Neoliberal policies hit a rock in India (expanded online)
Socialist Worker nr. 2079, dec 07 – side 6
Note: Through 2007 Nandigram has witnessed one of the most significant movements against global neoliberalism and state power anywhere in the world.
 
Barry Pavier: Review: Passionate impasse: subaltern studies
International Socialism Journal nr. 116, okt 07 – side 201
Note: David Hardiman, Histories for the Subordinated (Seagull, 2007), £18.99
This is a selection of David Hardiman’s key writings, published between 1984 and 1996. They were all informed by his association with the influential and controversial Subaltern Studies project, which produced a series of 12 volumes of essays between 1982 and 2002.
 
Yuri Prasad: Bhagat Singh and the spark of revolt in India
Socialist Worker nr. 2070, sep 07 – side 13
Note: Indian revolutionary Bhagat Singh, born 100 years ago this week, was a young radical who fought British rule and rejected non-violence.
 
Meena Menon: India – the great democracy gap
Socialist Worker nr. 2064, aug 07 
Note: Sixty years after independence India is being ravaged by neoliberalism and increasingly divided between rich and poor, writes activist Meena Menon.
 
Anindya Bhattacharyya: Britain and India: Dividing to rule
Socialist Worker nr. 2063, aug 07 – side 12
Note: The policies of independence leaders and their colonial masters led to the tragic division of India following the end of British rule, argues Anindya Bhattacharyya
 
Aditya Sarkar: Nandigram and the deformations of the Indian left
International Socialism Journal nr. 115, jul 07 – side 23
Note: On 14 March this year, the state government of West Bengal, headed by the Communist Party of India (Marxist), sent several thousand police troops into the rural district of Nandigram in East Midnapur, the scene of a three-month movement by peasants against the establishment of a Special Economic Zone on their land.
 
Esme Choonara: Film Review: Water (Director: Deepa Mehta)
Socialist Review nr. 315, jun 07 – side 31
Note: It is a triumph that this film was made at all. When filming for Water started in India seven years ago, Hindu chauvinist mobs destroyed the set and threw it into the Ganges. Due to the sheer determination of director Deepa Mehta, the film was eventually completed. It was worth her perseverance because she has made an absorbing, visually stunning and emotionally gripping film.
 
Anindya Bhattacharyya: Outrage after Indian state kills peasants in Nandigram
Socialist Worker nr. 2043, mar 07 – side 4
Note: “Bodies were scattered all over the paddy fields, smeared with blood. The injured were screaming for help – and police kept kicking them.”
 
Vidya Sagar: India: Suicide and the 'Art of Living'
Socialist Review nr. 308, jul 06 – side 17
Note: Death is stalking the farmers of the Indian states of Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Maharashtra, where more than 14,000 people have committed suicide between 2001 and 2006.
 
Talat Ahmed: Beyond the Subalterns
International Socialism Journal nr. 110, mar 06 – side 189
Note: A review of Tithi Bhattacharya: "The Sentinels of Culture: Class, Education and the Colonial Intellectual in Bengal" (Oxford University Press, 2005).
 
Talat Ahmed: Book review: Rigour against communal dogma (India)
International Socialism Journal nr. 109, dec 05 – side 171
Note: A review of Romila Thapar, Somanatha: "The Many Voices of a History" (Verso, 2005), £17
 
Esme Choonara: Cities in revolt (Mumbai)
International Socialism Journal nr. 106, mar 05 – side 156
Note: A review of Meena Menon and Neera Adarkar: "One Hundred Years, One Hundred Voices" (Seagull Books, 2004), £19.95.
 
John Game: Caught in a trap (Vivek Chibber: "Locked in Place: State-Building and Late Industrialisation in India")
International Socialism Journal nr. 106, mar 05 – side 177
Note: A review of Vivek Chibber, Locked in Place: State-Building and Late Industrialisation in India (Princeton University Press, 2003), £26.95
 
Editorial: Bhopal: Poisoned Indians still waiting for justice
Socialist Worker nr. 1930, dec 04 – side 12
Note: THIS WEEK marks the twentieth anniversary of the worst industrial accident in history.
 
Talat Ahmed: Mulk Raj Anand: novelist and fighter
International Socialism Journal nr. 105, dec 04 – side 159
Note: The Indian novelist Mulk Raj Anand passed away at the grand old age of 98 last September.
 
Chris Harman: India after the elections: a rough guide
International Socialism Journal nr. 103, jun 04 – side 49
Note: The Hindu chauvinist BJP's claims that 'India is shining' failed to convince the voters in May's elections. The results shocked left and right alike, ith the BJP losinga third of its seats an Congress returning as the main party after ten years on the sidelines. Chris Harman tackles the question of how the Indian left should respond, arguing that an opportunity exists to form a new left, ditch the old Stalinist certainties, and forge a movement to challenge the whole system.
 
Chris Harman: Behind India's shock election result
Socialist Worker nr. 1902, maj 04 – side 10
Note: A few months ago it seemed certain that the ruling BJP would win the Indian elections comfortably. But things turned out rather different, says Chris Harman.
 
Jan Hoby: Indien: Rødt kort til Indiens fascisme
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 229, maj 04 – side 5
Note: De indiske vælgere har sat en kæp i hjulet på højrefløjens ambition om at rodfæste fascismen. Valget var et rødt kort til det fascistisk ledede Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) i regeringskoalition National Democratic Alliance.
 
Mulig atomkrig mellem Indien og Pakistan: USA har en beskidt finger med i spillet
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 204, jul 02 – side 4
Note: Millioner af dræbte den første dag. Det er den sandsynlige konsekvens, hvis striden mellem Indien og Pakistan ender i en væbnet konflikt med brug af atomvåben.
 
Poul Erik Kristensen: Uroen i Indien: Stormagtskamp i Syd-Asien
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 202, mar 02 – side 4
Note: Krigen i Afghanistan har ændret det strategiske landskab i Syd- og Centralasien.
 
Line Høeg Jensen: Indien: Strejker mod markedøkonomien
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 180, feb 00 – side 4
Note: En kvart million indiske arbejdere i kamp imod privatisering og for bedre løn.
 
Sam Ashman: India: imperialism, partition and resistance
International Socialism Journal nr. 77, dec 97 – side 81
Note: Partition of India was the final poisoned gift of the British Raj to the people it had long held in subjection. Sam Ashman reviews the history of the British in India and looks at the social forces, imperial and domestic, which resulted in the division of the country.
 
Martin B. Johansen: Indien: Pesten er tilbage
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 108, okt 94 – side 6
Note: Lungepest er brudt ud i Indien, men sygdommen kan nemt udryddes med mere medicin og flere læger.
 
Carsten Sørensen: Indien: Gandhis voldelige arv
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 3, dec 84 – side 5
Note: Indira Gandhis død blev startskuddet til den mest omfattende volds- og terrorbølge mellem forskellige trosretninger siden delingen af Indien i 1947.
 
Barry Pavier: Class struggles in India
International Socialism Journal nr. 20, jun 83 – side 55
 
Barry Pavier: India: Mrs Gandhi fends off a strike
Socialist Review nr. 40, feb 82 – side 8
Note: Barry Pavier provides a provisional balance sheet of last month's one day strike by millions of Indian workers against the latest batch of vicious measures from Indira Gandhi's government.
 
Colin Sparks: India and the Russian Revolution
International Socialism Journal (1st series) nr. 103, nov 77 – side 23
Note: Editors’ Introduction
 
Barry Pavier: India and the Russian Revolution
International Socialism Journal (1st series) nr. 103, nov 77 – side 24
Note: It is perhaps strange that there are no records of any Indian socialists before 1917, with only one possible exception. There were, after all, a large number of Indian students in Britain even then, some of whom were nationalists. It might have been expected that some of them would have moved towards socialist politics by coming into contact with the socialist parties in Britain.
 
Kashmir
A bloody struggle to keep Kashmir partitioned
Socialist Worker nr. 2130, dec 08 – side 9
Note: Since it was denied independence, Kashmir has been an open wound between India and Pakistan, sparking wars, rebellions and repression
 
Map showing partition of Kashmir
Socialist Worker nr. 2130, dec 08 – side 9
 
Mike Marqusee: India and Pakistan: Merchants of death
Socialist Review nr. 265, jul 02 – side 10
Note: As India and Pakistan compete for American support the danger of nuclear war continues to threaten the subcontinent.
 
Praful Bidwai: Kashmir: The dance of death
Socialist Review nr. 264, jun 02 – side 8
Note: The possibility of war between India and Pakistan refutes the idea that nuclear weapons act as a deterrent
 
Peter Kjær: Kashmir: Befolkningen er offer i stormagtsstrid
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 200, jan 02 – side 4
Note: Centrum for konflikten imellem Pakistan og Indien er Kashmir. I over 50 år har regionen været besat, da den har stor strategisk betydning for begge de to atom-magter.
 
Bangladesh
Yuri Prasad: Interview with Mushtuq Husain: the struggle in Bangladesh
International Socialism Journal nr. 121, jan 09 – side 65
Note: Mushtuq Husain is a leading member of the Jatiyo Samajtantrik Dal (Socialist Party) of Bangladesh. He spoke to Yuri Prasad about the history of the organisation and the struggle for socialism today.
 
Review: Bangladesh 1971: viewing war and resistance from below
Socialist Worker nr. 2097, apr 08 – side 11
Note: The Bangladesh war of independence against Pakistan in 1971 was a bloody conflict that led to the deaths of hundreds of thousands. Bangladesh 1971 is a new exhibition of over 100 photographs from the period, many of which have never been shown before.
 
Palash Kamruzzaman: Bangladesh: Relief mission?
Socialist Review nr. 321, jan 08 – side 4
Note: Bangladesh was struck by a major cyclone on 15 November. Cyclone Sidr was larger than the entire country. United Nations assessments suggest 2.2 million people in need of immediate life-saving relief. Some 3,500 are known to have died, with 40,000 injured and around 1,000 missing.
 
Mushtuq Husain: Bangladesh: Against the Emergency
Socialist Worker nr. 2066, sep 07 – side 12
Note: A student-worker revolt in Bangladesh has struck a blow for democracy and against privatisation, writes Mushtuq Husain.
 
Mushtuq Husain: Bangladesh: Sweatshop Workers Turn Up the Heat
Socialist Review nr. 313, jan 07 – side 21
Note: As I write, the streets of Dhaka, the capital city, are filled with protesters fighting the police. The air is thick with the acrid smell of tear gas and the city is paralysed by a general strike.
 
Esme Choonara: Threads of resistance (Naila Kabeer: "The Power to Choose: Bangladeshi Women and Labour Market Decisions in London and Dhaka")
International Socialism Journal nr. 89, dec 00 – side 91
 
Nepal
King removed from throne in Nepal
Socialist Worker nr. 2104, jun 08 – side 4
Note: There were celebrations across Nepal last week as the Himalayan kingdom declared itself a republic, and gave the former king notice to quit his palace.
 
Yuri Prasad: Nepal on the brink
International Socialism Journal nr. 110, mar 06 – side 20
Note: For the last ten years the Himalayan kingdom of Nepal has been in the grip of a civil war, with the king and his Royal Nepalese Army (RNA) on one side, and the Communist Party of Nepal—Maoist (CPN-M) and their People’s Liberation Army (PLA) on the other.
 
Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka: UN atrocity report out
Socialist Worker nr. 2249, apr 11 – side 4
Note: A damning new report confirms human rights abuses by the Sri Lankan government during the last months of its war against the Tamil Tigers.
 
Ken Olende: Thousands of Tamils still held as Sri Lanka's election approaches
Socialist Worker nr. 2184, jan 10 – side 6
Note: UN investigator Philip Alston has reported that footage of Sri Lankan soldiers executing prisoners last year was authentic.
 
Dan Mayer: Sri Lanka: Benhård undertrykkelse giver ikke fred
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 289, jun 09 – side 13
Note: Sri Lankas hær (Sri Lankan Army, SLA) har erobret alle de områder, som hidtil har været under de Tamilske Tigres (Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam, LTTE) kontrol.
 
Dan Mayer: Savage repression won't bring peace to Sri Lanka
Socialist Review nr. 337, jun 09 – side 6
Note: The Sri Lankan Army (SLA) has reconquered all of the areas previously held by the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE).
 
Ken Olende: Sri Lanka: Hollow 'victory' over Tamil Tigers won't bring peace
Socialist Worker nr. 2152, maj 09 – side 6
Note: The Sri Lankan army finished its brutal conquest of the areas of the island previously controlled by the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE)—the Tamil Tigers—this week. Most of the Tigers’ leaders are now dead.
 
Ken Olende: Sri Lanka: State terror assault on Tamils goes on
Socialist Worker nr. 2150, maj 09 – side 16
Note: Four British Tamils began a new hunger strike on Friday of last week as part of the ongoing demonstration against the Sri Lankan government’s assault on the Tamils
 
Sri Lanka by numbers
Socialist Review nr. 336, maj 09 – side 5
Note: 111,512 – Internally displaced Tamil refugees created in final week of April
6,432 – Civilians killed in northern Sri Lankan Vanni district alone this year (UN estimate)
£1.4 million – British government arms export to Sri Lanka in final quarter of 2008
 
Interview: Massakre mod tamiler
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 288, apr 09 – side 2
Note: Mens Sri Lankas militær er ved at smadre de sidste rester af modstandsbevægelsen De Tamilske Tigre (LTTE) er titusinder af civile ofre for etnisk udrensning. Hundredtusinder af tamiler lever i flygtningelejre under kummerlige forhold.
 
Barry Pavier: Sri Lanka: – nationalismens blindgyde
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 287, mar 09 – side 2
Note: Sri Lankas hærs offensiv for at erobre landområder, der hidtil har været under kontrol af De tamilske Tigre (Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam – LTTE), nærmer sig sin afslutning. Det har drevet tusinder af civile på flugt til en lille enklave på nordøstkysten.
 
Barry Pavier: Sri Lanka – the dead end of nationalism
Socialist Review nr. 334, mar 09 – side 4
Note: The final stage of the Sri Lankan army's offensive to capture territory held by the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) is approaching, with thousands of civilians being driven into an enclave on the north east coast.
 
Ken Olende: Sri Lanka: what lies behind the latest violence?
Socialist Worker nr. 2137, feb 09 – side 9
Note: The Sri Lankan government has launched a brutal crackdown on areas held by Tamil rebels. Ken Olende examines the conflict – and its roots in the divide and rule tactics of the British Empire
 
Vinod Moonesinghe: Kapitalismen gjorde tsunamien dødelig
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 237, jan 05 – side 6
Note: Vinod Moonesinghe er aktivist og talsmand for Sri Lanka’s Environmental Foundation.
 
Dorte Lange: Sri Lanka: Udvisning til tortur og borgerkrig
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 160, jun 97 – side 5
Note: En dansk delegation var i Sri Lanka i slutningen af april på en såkaldt fact-finding mission. Delegationens umiddelbare indtryk fik Dansk Flygtningehjælp til at kræve et stop for fortsatte udvisninger.
 
Interview med tamilere: Udvist til udryddelseskrig
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 158, maj 97 – side 2
 
Charlie Lywood: Tamiler: Flygter ikke for sjov
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 147, nov 96 – side 2
 
Blodbad (Sri Lanka)
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 35, dec 87 – side 12
 
Venstrefløjen i Sri Lanka
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 35, dec 87 – side 12
 
Gandhis kyniske udspil til tamilerne
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 31, aug 87 – side 12
 
Inge-Lise Bjørn: Derfor flygter tamilerne
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 21, aug 86 – side 12
Note: Grunden til de racistiske overfald, som tamilerne oplever i dag, blev lagt med den engelske imperialismes indtog på Sri Lanka i 1800-tallet.
 
Burma
Dave Sewell: Celebrations greet Suu Kyi win in Burma, but new dangers await
Socialist Worker nr. 2297, apr 12 – side 6
Note: Burmese opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi could be set to join the government. Her National League for Democracy (NLD) claimed to have won 44 of the 45 seats in by-elections this week. Official results are due next week.
 
Yuri Prasad: Burmese need aid, not invasion
Socialist Worker nr. 2101, maj 08 – side 6
Note: The enormous suffering in the wake of the cyclone that hit southern Burma last week has shocked the world.
 
Anindya Bhattacharyya + Charlotte Bence: Protests in Burma show force for change
Socialist Worker nr. 2070, sep 07 – side 3
Note: Burma’s military regime was being rocked by mass protests across its major towns and cities as Socialist Worker went to press.
 
Sam Ashman: Living Silence: the struggle against military repression in Burma (online only)
Socialist Worker nr. 2070, sep 07 
Note: Article from Socialist Worker 1763, 25 August 2001
Christina Fink was an anthropology student who went to study on the Thailand-Burma border. There she became involved in the struggle of ordinary people against military rule in Burma. She has now published Living Silence: Burma Under Military Rule. Here she speaks to Sam Ashman.
 
Thailand
Thailand: Fagforeningsfolk fordømmer statskuppet
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 339, jun 14 
Note: Fagforeningernes rolle i thailandsk politik er blevet fordrejet af de højreorienterede fagforeningsbureaukrater fra de statslige virksomheder, såsom regeringens sparekasse, el-produktion, vand, jernbaner og Thai Airways.
 
Giles Ji Ungpakorn: Demonstranter i Bangkok gør modstand mod militær-kup i Thailand
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 339, jun 14 
Note: General Prayuth Chan-ocha tog officielt magten i Thailand torsdag den 22. maj – samtidig udbrød masseprotester. De ramte mange områder i Bangkok, men også Chiang Mai og andre byer.
 
Giles Ji Ungpakorn: Thailand: Et kup i slowmotion
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 339, jun 14 
Note: General Prayuth Chan-ocha har erklæret undtagelsestilstand i Thailand uden at rådføre sig med forretningsministeriet eller folkevalgte.
 
Giles Ji Ungpakorn: Domstols-kup afsætter Thailands premierminister
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 339, jun 14 
Note: Thailands premierminister, Yingluck Shinawatra, blev væltet i starten af maj på en juridisk teknikalitet. Yingluck er søster til den tidligere populistiske thailandske premierminister Taksin Shinawatra.
 
Giles Ji Ungpakorn: Modstand mod militærkup i Thailand
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 339, jun 14 – side 12
Note: Thailands premierminister, Yingluck Shinawatra, blev væltet af den ikke-valgte forfatningsdomstol i starten af maj på en juridisk teknikalitet.
 
Giles Ji Ungpakorn: Review: Thailand’s red shirts
International Socialism Journal nr. 141, jan 14 – side 209
Note: Claudio Sopranzetti, Red Journeys (Silkworm Books, 2012), £11.99
In September 2006 the Thai military staged a coup d’etat and overthrew the democratically elected and popular government of Taksin Shinawat. By winning successive elections on the basis of modernising and pro-poor policies, rich businessman Taksin was unwittingly challenging the old order which had held power based on entrenched privileges and the power of the army.
 
Morten Rasmussen: Thailand: Diktaturet i paradis
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 298, jun 10 – side 12
Note: De fleste kender Thailand som et ferieparadis med fantastiske strande eller for den hektiske metropol Bangkok. De seneste par måneder har det dog været helt andre historier, der har præget mediebilledet rundt om i verden.
 
Giles Ji Ungpakorn: Thailand: Hundredtusinder går på gaden for at kræve demokrati
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 295, feb 10 
Note: Hundredtusinder af thailandske, demokratitilhængere, de såkaldte “Rødskjorter”, gik på gaden i Bangkok og andre byer i løbet af weekenden. Det var et signal for at vise bevægelsens styrke og for at modbevise den royalistiske regering og mediernes løgne om, at rødskjorterne ikke repræsenterede flertallet.
 
Comrade Sung: Letter from ...: Thailand
Socialist Review nr. 336, maj 09 – side 9
Note: After the brutal repression of anti-government protests last month Comrade Sung gives her assessment of the movement
 
Giles Ji Ungpakorn: Thai socialist writer escapes to Britain
Socialist Worker nr. 2138, feb 09 – side 2
Note: The dissident Thai socialist Giles Ji Ungpakorn has fled to Britain to avoid censorship and imprisonment in Thailand.
 
Alex Callinicos: Giles Ji Ungpakorn: Defend this key Thai socialist
Socialist Worker nr. 2137, feb 09 – side 4
Note: Sometimes the really important social conflicts between exploiter and exploited find expression by distorted means, via conflicts among the exploiters themselves.
 
Thailand: Solidarity with Giles Ungpakorn
Socialist Review nr. 333, feb 09 – side 5
Note: Giles Ungpakorn, a socialist activist and academic in Thailand, is facing a possible prison sentence after Thailand's Special Branch charged him with "lèse majesté" – insulting the monarchy – last month.
 
Thai socialist academic charged with offending royal dignity (online only)
Socialist Worker nr. 2134, jan 09 
Note: Associate Professor Giles Ji Ungpakorn is fighting charges of lèse majesté (offending the dignity of a sovereign) over his book A Coup for the Rich, an academic work on the 2006 military coup.
 
Ken Olende: Strange alliances in Thailand’s ruling class
Socialist Worker nr. 2131, dec 08 – side 3
Note: The Thai ruling class is seriously split. The royalist People’s Alliance for Democracy (PAD) is set against supporters of the government and populist leader Thaksin Shinawatra.
 
Giles Ji Ungpakorn: Democracy crisis shakes Thailand
Socialist Worker nr. 2130, dec 08 – side 6
Note: The occupation of Bangkok’s airports is part of an attempt to overthrow the government, writes Giles Ji Ungpakorn of Turn Left in Thailand
 
Giles Ji Ungpakorn: A briefing on the continuing crisis in Thailand (online only)
Socialist Worker nr. 2117, sep 08 
Note: For the past two or more years – and especially since the September 2006 coup – Thai society has been hypnotised into forgetting about its real social and political issues. Instead, the whole of society – and, most tragically, the social movements – have been entranced by a fight between two factions of the Thai ruling class.
 
Patrick Ward: Frontlines: Every libel helps
Socialist Review nr. 325, maj 08 – side 7
Note: Tesco in Thailand is suing a columnist for suggesting the supermarket chain "doesn't love Thais".
 
Thailand: Thai university attempts to victimise anti-coup professor (online only)
Socialist Worker nr. 2057, jun 07 
Note: Authorities at Chulalongkorn University in Bangkok, Thailand are attempting to victimise anti-military junta academic Giles Ji Ungpakorn, Associate Professor of Political Science.
 
Thailand: Muslimer behandlet som kvæg
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 236, nov 04 – side 5
Note: Mindst 80 muslimer blev massakreret af de thailandske myndigheder den 25. oktober.
 
Giles Ji Ungpakorn: NGOs: enemies or allies?
International Socialism Journal nr. 104, sep 04 – side 49
Note: NGOs have played a very important part is many of the big mobilisations. Naomi Klein describes them as part of a swarm which can beat back corporate globalisation. But many third world activists view them with deep suspicion, even hostility. Again and again they claim that NGOs use their funds to co-opt and weaken grass roots struggles. Some go so far as to see all NGOs as tools of imperialism. Giles Ungpakorn from Thailand looks at theory and practice of the NGOs and suggests the approach the left should take to them.
 
Cambodia
Frank Antonsen: Pol Pots død: Vesten vasker sine hænder
Socialistisk Revy nr. 4, maj 98 – side 19
Note: Den tidligere cambodjanske diktator Pol Pot, leder af guerillahæren De Røde Khmerer, er død. Det er ubetinget en god nyhed. Hvad der ikke er en god nyhed er, at de forbrydelser, der blev begået i hans regeringstid 1975-79, vil blive brugt som argument mod kommunismen. Men Pol Pot var aldrig socialist, endsige kommunist, men derimod ultranationalist og stalinist.
 
Charlie Hore: Vietnam and Cambodia: winning the war, losing the peace
International Socialism Journal nr. 50, mar 91 – side 51
Note: Imperialism lost the Vietnam War. Charlie Hore explains why, looking both at the Vietnamese people's resistance and at the anti-war movement in the US. He examines the politics of national liberation and how they fared in the uneasy peace that followed the war. He looks at Vietnam and Cambodia and at the illusions that the left had in both. This article spells out vital lessons for all those who are horrified by the US's attempt to overcome the Vietnam syndrome in the Gulf today.
 
Dorte Lange: Cambodia: Mareridtet fortsætter
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 53, okt 89 – side 2
Note: Vietnam har nu trukket de sidste styrker ud af Cambodia efter 10 års besættelse af landet. Verdens opmærksomhed rettes endnu engang mod det krigshærgede land, hvor borgerkrigen igen blusser op.
 
Pete Goodwin: ‘Razor-sharp factional minds’ – the F.I. debates Kampuchea
International Socialism Journal nr. 5, jun 79 – side 106
Note: Our party, the SWP, was born out of Trotskyism. We were conceived, in the Trotskyist movement of the late 1940s on the basis of our different analysis of Stalinist Russia and the other so-called socialist countries.
 
Vietnam
Se også: Vietnamkrig
Mikkel Birk Jespersen + Jesper Høi Kanne: USA-imperialismen – den største trussel mod fred og velfærd
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 198, nov 01 – side 9
Note: USA er den absolut stærkeste økonomiske og militære magt i verden. USA forsvarer sine interesser overalt – i Afghanistan, i Columbia, i Mellemøsten. Og det med en brutalitet, som sætter profit højere end menneskeliv.
 
Jørn Andersen: Vietnam: Myte eller mirakel
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 105, jul 94 – side 7
Note: Vietnams økonomiske opsving skal ses i lyset af, at landet faktisk har måtte bygge sin økonomi op fra ingenting.
 
Charlie Hore: Vietnam and Cambodia: winning the war, losing the peace
International Socialism Journal nr. 50, mar 91 – side 51
Note: Imperialism lost the Vietnam War. Charlie Hore explains why, looking both at the Vietnamese people's resistance and at the anti-war movement in the US. He examines the politics of national liberation and how they fared in the uneasy peace that followed the war. He looks at Vietnam and Cambodia and at the illusions that the left had in both. This article spells out vital lessons for all those who are horrified by the US's attempt to overcome the Vietnam syndrome in the Gulf today.
 
Ian Birchall: The Vietnamese Road to State Capitalism
International Socialism Journal (1st series) nr. 89, jun 76 – side 12
Note: It is now just a year since US imperialism was finally and ig-nominiously ejected from Indochina, and the puppet regimes of Thieu and Lon Nol were overthrown. There has been relatively little discussion on the left of the experience of the new regimes; presumably most people on the British left believe that South Vietnam and Cambodia [2] are either workers’ states or in some sort of transition to socialism.
 
Chris Harman: Review: Vietnam
International Socialism Journal (1st series) nr. 34, sep 68 – side 36
Note: The first three of these books about Vietnam are by journalists. This has the advantage that they are readable and full of information, but leave much in the way of analysis to be desired. The fourth is not even readable.
 
Malaysia
David Jardine: Malaysian skeletons refuse to stay in the cupboard
Socialist Worker nr. 2135, jan 09 – side 9
Note: David Jardine looks at what campaigns to highlight British atrocities in Malaysia tell us about the crimes of colonialism.
 
Arutchelvan Subramaniam: Letter from ...: Malaysia
Socialist Review nr. 324, apr 08 – side 9
Note: The twelfth general election in Malaysia, held last month, was a unique event in the history of the country. Unlike the elections of 2004, when the ruling National Unity government returned to office with an enormous mandate, this time around the electorate signalled their utter disillusionment with the government of prime minister Abdullah Ahmad Badawi by supporting opposition parties in droves.
 
Indonesien
David Jardine: Indonesia: Jangled nerves and the begging bowl
Socialist Worker nr. 2129, nov 08 – side 9
Note: As the global financial crisis broke one of the countries where ordinary people especially held their breath was Indonesia. Ravaged by the economic crisis of 1997-8, whole sectors of the economy were brought down and many millions were thrown below the poverty line.
 
David Jardine: Poor trampled to death in Indonesia as they rush to claim £1.75 handout
Socialist Worker nr. 2120, sep 08 – side 4
Note: Pasuruan is a small, undistinguished town in East Java. Known nationally in Indonesia as the hometown of popular female singer Inul Daristuta, it recently filled the headlines for a much different reason.
 
Alexis Wearmouth: Suharto (1921–2008): From Cold Warrior to “model pupil” of neoliberalism (online only)
Socialist Worker nr. 2086, feb 08 
Note: The former president Suharto, who ruled as a dictator over Indonesia for 30 years, has died of organ failure aged 86. A popular revolution deposed Suharto in 1998 during the Asian Crisis that afflicted many economies in the region.
 
Jesper Høi Kanne + Mikkel Birk Jespersen: USA-imperialismen – den største trussel mod fred og velfærd
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 198, nov 01 – side 9
Note: USA er den absolut stærkeste økonomiske og militære magt i verden. USA forsvarer sine interesser overalt – i Afghanistan, i Columbia, i Mellemøsten. Og det med en brutalitet, som sætter profit højere end menneskeliv.
 
Alexis Wearmouth: On the edge of the abyss (Indonesia)
Socialist Review nr. 254, jul 01 – side 24
Note: Different forces are jostling for power in Indonesia. Alexis Wearmouth explains the latest stage in the crisis, and we carry a report from the anti-capitalist conference in Jakarta which was closed down by the police
 
Giles Ji Ungpakorn + Ian Rintoul + Tom O'Lincoln + Paul Kellogg: 'Our philosophy is solidarity' (Indonesia)
Socialist Review nr. 254, jul 01 – side 26
Note: Before the police raid in Indonesia Paul Kellogg, Tom O'Lincoln, Ian Rintoul and Giles Ungpakorn interviewed trade union activists in Jakarta
 
Jesper Høi Kanne: IMF-udsultning startede oprøret i Indonesien
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 184, aug 00 – side 6
Note: Da IMF i 1997 gik ind med en redningsplan for en indonesisk økonomi i sammenbrud, krævede de nedskæ-ringer i de offentlige budgetter. Det betød så volsomme forringelser i levevilkårerne, at et socialt oprør væltede den enevældige hersker, Suharto.
 
Clare Fermont: Indonesia: the inferno of revolution
International Socialism Journal nr. 80, sep 98 – side 3
Note: The revolution in Indonesia has shaken the ruling class to its foundations. In one of the first full length accounts in English of the crisis in Indonesia Clare Fermont looks at the economic and social background to the revolution and goes on to piece together a compelling narrative of the struggles which toppled Suharto's dictatorship.
 
Workers' Representatives and Socialists: Three interviews from Indonesia
International Socialism Journal nr. 80, sep 98 – side 35
Note: Our coverage continues by interviewing Indonesian trade union activists and socialists about their experience during the revolution and their assessment of the tasks which now confront the movement.
 
Chris Bambery: Report from Indonesia
International Socialism Journal nr. 80, sep 98 – side 45
Note: A first hand account of the depth of the continuing crisis and an assessment of the stability of President Habibie's new government.
 
Tony Cliff: Revolution and counter-revolution: lessons for Indonesia
International Socialism Journal nr. 80, sep 98 – side 53
Note: Tony Cliff concludes our Indonesian coverage with an open letter to Indonesian socialists in which he draws on the Marxist tradition to suggest the best strategy for building a revolutionary organisation in Indonesia.
 
Frank Antonsen: Indonesien: Miraklet blev til et mareridt
Socialistisk Revy nr. 5, jun 98 – side 8
Note: Indonesien, som er blevet fremhævet som en af Sydøstasiens mirakeløkonomier, har forvandlet sig til et mareridt for magthaverne. Frank Antonsen ser på baggrunden for det oprør, som i maj måned væltede Suharto-regimet.
 
Martin B. Johansen: Indonesien: Strejker ryster ‘mirakel’økonomi
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 104, jun 94 – side 6
Note: Vestlig kapital investerer i Sydøstasien på grund af lave lønninger. Men de opbygger også en arbejderklasse, der slår igen.
 
Filippinerne
Philippines: Workers gunned down for going on strike
Socialist Worker nr. 1930, dec 04 – side 4
Note: THE KILLING of 14 people on a picket line at a sugar plantation in the Philippines has shocked the country. The family of former president Cory Aquino, who own the plantation, have been implicated in the killings.
 
Filippinerne: 600.000 på gaden mod regeringens økonomiske politik
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 168, okt 97 – side 2
Note: 600,000 mennesker har været på gaden i den filippinske hovedstad Manila i en demonstration mod regeringens økonomiske politik.
 
Carsten Lorenzen: Philippinerne: Intet rødt fra “Den gule enke”
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 27, feb 87 – side 12
Note: Efter Marcos’ fald og flugt fra Philippinerne sidste år, er ø-riget i starten af dette år atter kommet i mediernes søgelys.
 
Poul Erik Kristensen: Filippinerne: Aquino – USAs nye politibetjent
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 18, mar 86 – side 8
Note: To gange i løbet af en måned er USA blevet tvunget til at hente forhadte diktatorer ud fra deres hjemlande. Først var det Baby Doc på Haiti, siden Ferdinand Marcos fra Filippinerne. Begge gange trådte Ronald Reagan frem på TV-skærmen for at plapre løs om de amerikanske frihedsidealer.
 

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