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Tema: Afrika

Afrika
Andy Wynne: Book Review: Questioning failed growth in Africa
International Socialism Journal nr. 150, apr 16 – side 220
Note: A review of Morten Jerven, Africa: Why Economists Get It Wrong (Zed Books, 2015), £14.99
Africa: Why Economists Get It Wrong ­provides a critical review of the recent economic history of Africa. Morton Jerven argues that, for most of the past two decades, mainstream economists have been faced with trying to explain the chronic failure of economic growth in Africa. In contrast, during the 1950s, the 1960s and even into the 1970s, many African economies actually grew rapidly, but this development was subsequently overshadowed by the economic problems of the 1980s and 1990s.
 
Andy Wynne + Abiodun Olamosu: Africa rising? The economic history of sub-Saharan Africa
International Socialism Journal nr. 146, apr 15 – side 117
Note: Sub-Saharan Africa is huge. Its area is larger than that of China, the United States and India combined or five times that of the 28 countries of the European Union. Its population, at over 930 million, is also getting on for twice as much as that of the European Union.
 
Ken Olende: Book review: The Comintern and the African Atlantic
International Socialism Journal nr. 145, jan 15 – side 203
Note: A review of Hakim Adi, Pan-Africanism and Communism: The Communist International, Africa and the Diaspora, 1919-1939 (Africa World Press, 2013), £28.99, and Holger Weiss, Framing a Radical African Atlantic: African American Agency, West African Intellectuals and the International Trade Union Committee of Negro Workers (Brill, 2013), £170
 
Andy Wynne: Review: A history of popular struggle in Africa
International Socialism Journal nr. 142, apr 14 – side 217
Note: Peter Dwyer and Leo Zeilig, African Struggles Today: Social Movements since Independence (Haymarket, 2012), £12.99
African Struggles Today seeks to explain the key role that mass social movements have played in the history of Africa over the last three quarters of a century.
 
Ken Olende: Imperial mythologies
International Socialism Journal nr. 132, okt 11 – side 220
Note: Robin Derricourt, Inventing Africa: History, Archaeology and Ideas (Pluto, 2011), £17.99
This book questions the assumptions and prejudices that appear as soon as Africa is considered.
 
Andy Wynne: Book review: Africa’s opening
International Socialism Journal nr. 130, apr 11 – side 221
Note: Issa G Shivji, Accumulation in an African Periphery: a Theoretical Framework (Mkuki na Nyoto Publishers), £15.95
Professor Shivji of the University of Dar es Salaam has been writing in the Marxist tradition since the 1970s when, for example, he wrote the classic Class Struggles in Tanzania. His latest project, of which this booklet is the first chapter, is an analysis of the place and role of Africa in the global political economy of neoliberalism. The central message of the booklet is that the crisis of recent years has provided an opening for the Global South to refuse to play the capitalist imperialist game, whatever the rules. He argues it is time to rethink and revisit the direction of development and dominant strategies.
 
Ken Olende: African independence: A dream of freedom derailed
Socialist Worker nr. 2224, okt 10 – side 10
Note: It’s fifty years since the high tide of the anti-colonial movement. Ken Olende looks at what happened to the ‘wind of change’, and hopes for a new era
 
Jesper Høi Kanne: Tyveri af jord i Afrika og ny spekulation
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 302, okt 10 – side 12
Note: En bølge af jordopkøb i hele Afrika af mellemøstlige, asiatiske og vestlige firmaer og en fornyelse af fødevarekrisen truer fattige afrikaneres eksistensgrundlag.
 
Leo Zeilig: Book Review: Jonathan Derrick: Africa's 'Agitators'
Socialist Review nr. 333, feb 09 – side 26
Note: Armed uprisings, protests and revolts, some lasting years, marked the first attempts of European powers to divide and colonise Africa. From the 1880s, European forces were often paralysed by mass resistance – Italy's devastating defeat at the hands of Ethiopia in the Battle of Adowa in 1896 or the 1879 Zulus' victory in the battle of Isandhlwana, for instance.
 
Simon Assaf: Multinationals’ scramble for Africa fuels new conflicts
Socialist Worker nr. 2113, aug 08 – side 9
Note: The high price of oil is driving a new scramble for Africa that will bring more misery to the continent.
 
Leo Zeilig: Frontlines: George Bush: a bad man in Africa
Socialist Review nr. 323, mar 08 – side 4
Note: George Bush's five nation visit to Africa last month received some absurd congratulations. Even the normally discerning Guardian journalist Chris McGreal could not contain himself, commenting in an article called "George Bush: a good man in Africa", that Bush's African HIV initiative is "transforming healthcare in Africa and has been praised as the most significant aid programme since the end of colonialism".
 
Leo Zeilig + Claire Ceruti: Slums, resistance and the African working class
International Socialism Journal nr. 117, jan 08 – side 69
Note: Mike Davis’s book Planet of Slums provides a brilliant account of the rapid growth of urban areas and megaslums, created by the hammer blows of the global restructuring of the world system since the 1970s. This article focuses on some of Davis’s claims about the working class, and concentrates exclusively on the situation in sub-Saharan Africa.
 
Editorial: Lisbon summit: EU powers join the ‘scramble for Africa’
Socialist Worker nr. 2081, dec 07 – side 12
Note: The summit between European Union (EU) and African leaders last week only made the news in Britain because Gordon Brown boycotted it over the presence of Robert Mugabe.
But the real worries at the summit in Lisbon, Portugal, were about imperial competition in Africa.
 
Ken Olende: Africom: The ‘war on terror’ spreads to Africa
Socialist Worker nr. 2078, nov 07 – side 8
Note: US plans for Africa are about increasing its dominance and the grip of Western multinationals, and they will only make the people’s suffering worse
 
The Strangling of Africa
International Socialism Journal nr. 107, jun 05 – side 31
Note: Poverty, debt, trade, aid – Make Poverty History is stirring hundreds of thousands to protest over them. But New Labour wants to trap activists in a neo-liberal, free trade agenda. Gavin Capps, Charlie Kimber and Jacob Middleton analyse the real roots of poverty and lay the responsibility at the system run by the G8.
Introduction to these next 3 articles.
 
Gavin Capps: Africa: Redesigning the debt trap
International Socialism Journal nr. 107, jun 05 – side 33
Note: Poverty, debt, trade, aid – Make Poverty History is stirring hundreds of thousands to protest over them. But New Labour wants to trap activists in a neo-liberal, free trade agenda. Gavin Capps, Charlie Kimber and Jacob Middleton analyse the real roots of poverty and lay the responsibility at the system run by the G8.
 
Charlie Kimber: Africa: Aid, governance and exploitation
International Socialism Journal nr. 107, jun 05 – side 54
Note: Poverty, debt, trade, aid – Make Poverty History is stirring hundreds of thousands to protest over them. But New Labour wants to trap activists in a neo-liberal, free trade agenda. Gavin Capps, Charlie Kimber and Jacob Middleton analyse the real roots of poverty and lay the responsibility at the system run by the G8.
 
Jacob Middleton: Africa: Trading on poverty
International Socialism Journal nr. 107, jun 05 – side 78
Note: Poverty, debt, trade, aid – Make Poverty History is stirring hundreds of thousands to protest over them. But New Labour wants to trap activists in a neo-liberal, free trade agenda. Gavin Capps, Charlie Kimber and Jacob Middleton analyse the real roots of poverty and lay the responsibility at the system run by the G8.
 
Poul Erik Kristensen: Afrika – det kæmpende kontinent
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 216, jul 03 – side 4
Note: Da Berlin-Muren faldt i 1989 ventede mange, at der ville være ny vilje til at hjælpe verdens fattigste lande. Den kolde krig hørte op, og de globale militærudgifter faldt voldsomt i starten af 1990’erne.
 
Poul Erik Kristensen: Den afrikanske modstand
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 216, jul 03 – side 4
Note: Leo Zeilig (ed.): “Class Struggle and Resistance in Africa”
 
Jørn Andersen: Boganmeldelse: Klassekamp og modstand i Afrika
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 207, okt 02 – side 5
Note: Dette er en meget bemærkelsesværdig bog. Dens emne er arbejderklassens kamp i Afrika.
 
Jørn Andersen: IMF hærger i Afrika
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 184, aug 00 – side 6
Note: Mange mennesker opfatter Verdensbanken (VB) og IMF, Den Internationale Valutafond, på linie med humanitære organisationer: De er med til at hjælpe, hvis økonomien er gået helt i smadder. Men intet er mere forkert.
 
Tom Christiansen: Politisk tumult i Afrika: Vesten holder med vinderne
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 160, jun 97 – side 4
Note: Det var en stor dag for Afrika, da Zaires diktator, Mobuto faldt. Men det er samtidigt slående, hvordan Vesten lavede en kovending fra at støtte Mobuto til at afskrive ham som en korrupt diktator.
 
Martin B. Johansen: Afrika mellem oprør og tragedie: Hærges af kapitalismen
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 106, aug 94 – side 7
Note: 20 års verdensomspændende økonomisk krise har betydet arbejdsløshed og faldende levestandard i hele verden.
 
Charlie Kimber: Capitalism, cruelty and conquest (Thomas Pakenham: "The scramble for Africa")
International Socialism Journal nr. 57, dec 92 – side 161
 
Alex Callinicos: Africa: The new scramble
Socialist Review nr. 4, jul 78 – side 2
Note: In the last decade of the nineteenth century Africa was torn off its historical course and dragged into the World capitalist system as rival European powers carved their colonial empires out of the continent. The ensuing ‘Scramble for Africa’ formed part of the build up to the first world war.
 
John (Peter Sedgwick) Leslie: Towards an African Socialism
International Socialism Journal (1st series) nr. 1, jun 60 – side 15
 
Egypten
Se også: Mellemøsten; Cairo-konference 2002-
Sameh Naguib: Egyptens diktator er under pres
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 351, mar 16 
Note: Egypten er under forandring, og efterhånden som besættelser, demonstrationer og strejker vokser, så gør selvtilliden det også. Venstrefløjen må tage udfordringen op, siger den revolutionære socialist Sameh Naguib.
 
Judith Orr: Håbet er ikke dødt i Egypten
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 349, nov 15 
Note: For fem år siden i denne måned udløste protester i Tunesien revolutioner, mest omfattende i Egypten. Socialist Worker’s Judith Orr har talt med Sameh Naguib om disse begivenheder – og om læren for socialister.
 
John Molyneux: Lessons from the Egyptian Revolution
Irish Marxist Review (Irland) nr. 13, jun 15 – side 18
Note: The Egyptian Revolution of January 25 to February 11 2011 has been the greatest revolutionary struggle of the 21st century to date.
 
Judith Orr: Interview: Hvordan vælter vi det egyptiske regime?
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 342, dec 14 – side 15
Note: Et ledende medlem af Revolutionære Socialister i Egypten har talt med Judith Orr om kontrarevolutionens indflydelse – og om udsigterne til nye kampe.
 
Phil Marfleet: Egypt: after the coup
International Socialism Journal nr. 142, apr 14 – side 13
Note: The military coup of July 2013 was a serious setback for the revolutionary movement in Egypt. For army leader Abdel-Fattah el-Sisi it was an act of rescuing the revolution: for Egypt’s radical activists it was a counter-revolutionary offensive aimed to end the uprising that began in January 2011. The coup has been followed by sustained attacks on activists, by mass arrests and the return of torture and abuse characteristic of the Hosni Mubarak era.
 
Sameh Naguib: The Egyptian Revolution must spread to win
Socialist Worker nr. 2362, jul 13 – side 6
Note: When we say the Egyptian Revolution is permanent, it’s not just that it literally hasn’t stopped since 2011. It’s that revolutions don’t happen in a vacuum. Egypt and Tunisia are well integrated into world capitalism, and the revolutions have been expressions of the crisis in that system.
 
Revolutionære Socialister, Egypten: Occupy the squares: stand firm in the face of the conspiracy by the Brotherhood and America
Socialist Worker nr. 2360, jul 13 
Note: Statement from the Revolutionary Socialists in Egypt, 6 July 2013
 
Revolutionære Socialister, Egypten: Freedom is in the hands of the people, and not of the military and the guards
Socialist Worker nr. 2361, jul 13 
Note: Statement from the Egyptian Revolutionary Socialists, 9 July 2013
 
Judith Orr: Egypt – a second revolution sweeps out a president
Socialist Worker nr. 2361, jul 13 – side 4
Note: Ordinary people in Egypt have shown their power—but the army wants to stifle it, writes Judith Orr.
 
Mohamed Ahmed Salem: Egypt: ‘We are still on the streets’
Socialist Worker nr. 2361, jul 13 – side 5
Note: In Tanta we started our protests early, when a new governor from the Brotherhood was appointed.
 
Sameh Naguib: Egypt: ‘People have gained huge confidence’
Socialist Worker nr. 2361, jul 13 – side 5
Note: Revolutionary Socialist Sameh Naguib reported from Cairo the day after protests forced out president Mohamed Mursi.
 
Fatma Ramadan: Egypt: ‘Unions need to raise workers’ demands’
Socialist Worker nr. 2361, jul 13 – side 5
Note: I speak in a personal capacity, not on behalf of the unions, because whenever there is a split in society, there’s one within the unions.
 
Gigi Ibrahim: Fighting harassment in Cairo’s Tahrir Square
Socialist Worker nr. 2361, jul 13 – side 6
Note: Sexual harassment is very common in Egypt. We have set up organisations to challenge it in Tahrir Square. Statistics say over 99 percent of Egyptian women have been sexually harassed at some point in their lives.
 
Sameh Naguib: Egypt: Get ready to change the world
Socialist Worker nr. 2361, jul 13 – side 14
Note: The Revolutionary Socialists sprung from underground to play a leading role in Egypt’s revolt. Sameh Naguib explains how they built a party to shape the struggle.
 
Sameh Naguib: Egypt: Who leads the movement?
Socialist Worker nr. 2361, jul 13 – side 15
Note: Revolutionaries try to organise the vanguard—the most advanced sections of the movement who can take a lead in the struggle.
 
Sameh Naguib: Egypt’s revolution erupts: The masses speak
Socialist Worker nr. 2360, jul 13 – side 1
Note: Mass protests in Egypt last Sunday were the beginning of a second revolution.
 
Mahienour El-Massry: ‘Egypt's revolution has made people mighty’
Socialist Worker nr. 2360, jul 13 – side 3
Note: We witnessed in Alexandria the largest protests we have seen since Mubarak fell in 11 February 2011—perhaps even bigger than that.
 
Protests spread across Egypt
Socialist Worker nr. 2360, jul 13 – side 3
Note: Across Egypt protesters targeted the local headquarters of the Muslim Brotherhood’s Freedom and Justice party.
 
Anne Alexander: Egypt’s revolution in a small town
Socialist Worker nr. 2360, jul 13 – side 10
Note: The return of millions to the streets of Egypt on 30 June follows months of rising social protest. Anne Alexander reports on the continuing revolution that is growing in strength well beyond Cairo’s Tahrir Square.
 
Sameh Naguib: Egypt: Four days that shook the world
Socialist Worker nr. 2360, jul 13 
Note: What happened on 30 June was, without the slightest doubt, the historic beginning of a new wave of the Egyptian revolution—the largest wave since January 2011.
 
Jørn Andersen: Egypten mellem håb og elendighed
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 330, jul 13 – side 9
Note: I starten af maj begyndte en gruppe revolutionære aktivister at samle underskrifter på en kort erklæring på hverdags-arabisk om mistillid til Mohamed Morsi, Egyptens første demokratisk valgte præsident, med krav om nyvalg. Deres mål var 15 millioner underskrifter på ét års-dagen for Morsis indsættelse 30. juni.
 
Sameh Naguib: Second revolution brings down Egypt’s president
Socialist Worker nr. 2360, jul 13 
Note: Sameh Naguib of the Revolutionary Socialists reports from Cairo, where mass celebrations greeted the removal of president Mohamed Morsi on Wednesday evening.
 
Sameh Naguib: Den anden revolution vælter Egyptens præsident
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 329, maj 13 
Note: Sameh Naguib fra Revolutionære Socialister i Egypten rapporter fra Cairo, hvor fjernelsen af præsident Mohamed Morsi blev fejret onsdag aften.
 
Phil Marfleet: Egypt: The workers advance
International Socialism Journal nr. 139, jul 13 – side 57
Note: A striking feature of Egypt’s Revolution is the extraordinary number of people engaged in struggles in the streets and workplaces, and in formal and informal organisations. The absolute numbers, together with the proportion of the population involved and the continuity of their struggle, may mark the Egyptian upheaval as unique in modern history.
 
Anne Alexander: Egypt’s rebels
Socialist Review nr. 382, jul 13 – side 4
Note: Like many of the things which have changed history, the “Rebel” campaign in Egypt started with a very simple idea. At the beginning of May, a group of young revolutionary activists launched a drive to collect signatures on a statement withdrawing confidence from president Mohammed Morsi and calling for early elections.
 
Pernille Cauchi: Egypten 2 år efter – modstanden fortsætter
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 327, mar 13 – side 4
Note: Egyptisk politi affyrede vandkanoner mod stenkastende demonstranter foran præsidentpaladset, da oppositionen i februar samledes for at markere toårsdag for at have væltet diktatoren Hosni Mubarak.
 
Port Said cops kill protesters
Socialist Worker nr. 2343, mar 13 – side 8
Note: Police in Egypt’s Port Said killed three protesters and injured 500 in clashes last weekend.
 
Mahienour El-Massry: Eyewitness Egypt: ‘Never lose faith in the revolution’
Socialist Worker nr. 2343, mar 13 – side 10
Note: Mahienour El-Massry, a leading member of the Revolutionary Socialists in Alexandria, Egypt, spoke to Socialist Worker about the ongoing revolution and the role that women have played in it.
 
Videos of ISJ “Marxism and Revolution Today” event
International Socialism Journal nr. 137, jan 13 
Note: Video recordings of the weekend school held by International Socialism on 22 and 23 September 2012.
 
Phil Marfleet: “Never going back”: Egypt’s continuing revolution
International Socialism Journal nr. 137, jan 13 – side 35
Note: For 35 years Egypt was a laboratory for neoliberalism—a local state in which hegemonic world powers and financial institutions played out their strategies for the global economy. It was also a stage on which the United States and its allies rehearsed policy for control of key assets in the Global South.
 
Anders Bæk Simonsen: Egypten: Nervekrig mellem militæret og revolutionen
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 321, jul 12 – side 10
Note: Den kommende tid bliver en endnu hårdere magtkamp imellem militæret på den ene side og de revolutionære kræfter på den anden.
 
Egypt: Who will stand in election?
Socialist Worker nr. 2298, apr 12 – side 3
Note: Egypt’s first presidential elections since the revolution that toppled dictator Hosni Mubarak will begin on 23 May. The restrictions on who can stand are still to be decided.
 
Revolutionære Socialister, Egypten: Egyptens Revolutionære Socialister udsender erklæring om valget
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 318, mar 12 
Note: Egypterne går til stemmeurnerne den 23. og 24. maj ved landets første præsidentvalg, siden revolutionen væltede tidligere diktatoren Hosni Mubarak sidste år.
 
Jacob Svendsen + Anders Bæk Simonsen: Anmeldelse: En politisk analyse og øjenvidneberetning: Sameh Naguib: Den egyptiske revolution
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 318, mar 12 – side 13
Note: ”Der er årtier hvor intet sker, og der er uger hvor årtier sker”. Dette citat af Lenin påbegynder forfatteren Sameh Naguibs centrale kapitel om de 18 dage det tog at fjerne den neoliberale diktator Mubarak.
 
Regi Pilling + Dalia Said Mostafa + Siobhan Brown: Women and revolution
Socialist Review nr. 367, mar 12 – side 18
Note: International Women’s Day, 8 March, was established by socialists to celebrate the struggles of working class women. We look at how the fight for women’s liberation and revolution has gone hand in hand with three great revolutions – in Russia in 1917, Spain in 1936-37 and Egypt today.
 
Anne Alexander: The workers’ movement in Egypt
Socialist Review nr. 367, mar 12 – side 24
Note: A call for a general strike in Egypt on 11 February didn’t produce the desired effect. Yet the current strike wave shows no signs of abating. Anne Alexander looks at the strengths and weaknesses of Egypt’s new workers’ movement and the different forces attempting to shape it.
 
Anne Alexander: Our democracy and theirs: reflections on the Egyptian revolution
Irish Marxist Review (Irland) nr. 1, mar 12 – side 4
Note: More than a year after the fall of Mubarak, the Egyptian revolution has faded from the front pages and TV screens in Europe. Periodic upsurges of protest or spectacular examples of brutality by the security forces may force the issue back into onto the agenda of mainstream journalists and politicians, but the consensus for the most part is that the revolution – if there ever was one – is long over.
Alt. url: PDF
 
Jørn Andersen: Solidaritet med egyptiske arbejdere (2008)
Note: I Egypten har protester og strejker udviklet sig massivt de seneste år – men stort set upåagtet af den danske presse. Derfor bringer vi her en kort omtale samt en række links til interesserede. (april 2008)
 
Jørn Andersen: Egypten: Fabrikkerne og pladserne er én hånd
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 317, feb 12 – side 12
Note: Ikke mange tror længere på parolen fra 25. januar-revolutionen: ”Hæren og folket er én hånd”.
 
Phil Marfleet: The generals, the Islamists and the Egyptian Revolution
Socialist Review nr. 366, feb 12 – side 10
Note: After the recent election Egypt's parliament is dominated by Islamists, especially representatives of the Muslim Brotherhood. But, argues Phil Marfleet, the Brotherhood faces immense pressure from Egyptians to deliver real change and break with the military.
 
Anne Alexander: The Egyptian workers’ movement and the 25 January Revolution
International Socialism Journal nr. 133, jan 12 – side 101
Note: “It is midnight in Cairo”, intoned the BBC reporter on the Ten O’ Clock News bulletin, “and still tens of thousands are in Tahrir Square. One chant echoes again and again: ‘Go, go, go’. But this time it is not Mubarak they want to quit, but Egypt’s military ruler Field Marshal Tantawi”.
 
Revolutionære Socialister, Egypten: Udtalelse fra Revolutionære Socialister om krisen i Egypten
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 314, nov 11 
Note: Revolutionære Socialister i Egypten udsendte søndag denne erklæring om regimets angreb på revolutionen. Siden udtalelsen blev skrevet er over 30 flere blevet dræbt og over 1.000 sårede (tirsdag).
 
Anne Alexander: Eyewitness in Cairo: Why protesters stormed the Israeli embassy
Socialist Worker nr. 2268, sep 11 
Note: It started when tens of thousands of people flowed into Tahrir Square on Friday – a day they called the "Friday of Correcting the Path of the Revolution".
 
Egypt’s unions reject divisions
Socialist Worker nr. 2274, okt 11 – side 3
Note: Workers’ organisations in Egypt have joined calls for unity after security forces and state backed thugs attacked Christian Copts.
 
Hossam el-Hamalawy: Eyewitness in Cairo: Copts were gunned down by the military
Socialist Worker nr. 2273, okt 11 – side 13
Note: At least 23 protesters were killed in Cairo last night, Sunday, as the army and police carried out a massacre in front of the state TV building.
 
Revolutionære Socialister, Egypten: Egyptian Revolutionary Socialists’ statement on the massacre of Copts at Maspero
Socialist Worker nr. 2273, okt 11 – side 13
Note: Glory to the martyrs of Bloody Sunday – Shame on the military and the reactionaries
 
Egypt: at the gates of general strike
Socialist Worker nr. 2268, sep 11 – side 16
Note: Thousands of workers in Egypt are preparing for some of the biggest strikes since the fall of dictator Hosni Mubarak—whose trial for ordering the mass killing of protesters resumed this week.
 
Lars Henrik Carlskov: Egypten – interview: ”Vores revolution kan skabe et alternativ til imperialismen”
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 310, jul 11 – side 7
Note: Socialistisk Arbejderavis har talt med formanden for Egyptens første uafhængige fagforening om den revolution, der tidligere på året væltede diktatoren Mubarak, og om de kampe, der venter forude.
 
Anne Alexander: The growing social soul of Egypt’s democratic revolution
International Socialism Journal nr. 131, jul 11 – side 77
Note: This article is a preliminary and incomplete account of an unfinished revolution. It represents a first attempt to explore the implications of the great wave of strikes and social protests which preceded Mubarak’s fall from power and dominated the first months of the revolution.
 
John Rose: Revolution melts all that was solid into air
Socialist Worker nr. 2256, jun 11 – side 4
Note: An official banner celebrating Egypt’s Revolution at Cairo Airport tells of “Egyptians making history again… what else is new?”
Allegedly the author of this insight is Italian prime minister Silvio Berlusconi. His portrait, and that of US president Barack Obama, serve as a warning that the revolution’s fate is far from settled.
Western politicians are falling over each other to support the “Arab Revolution”. But for them “support” means “control”.
 
Judith Orr: Egypt: Movement resists attempts to stall the revolution
Socialist Worker nr. 2255, jun 11 – side 13
Note: The International Monetary Fund (IMF) has moved in on Egypt. It has agreed a $3 billion loan with the military council government. International bankers and the government want a stable economy so they can get back to making profits out of Egypt.
 
Sasha Simic: Egypt: new workers' party activists debate way forward
Socialist Worker nr. 2255, jun 11 – side 13
Note: Sasha Simic reports from a meeting of the newly-formed Democratic Workers Party in Giza, Cairo, last week.
 
Simon Assaf: Military tries to put brakes on Egyptian revolution
Socialist Worker nr. 2254, jun 11 – side 16
Note: Opposition to Egypt’s ruling military council (Scaf) is growing following revelations of widespread torture of activists seized by military police and huge demonstrations on Friday of last week.
 
Simon Assaf: Support Egyptian activist Hossam el-Hamalawy
Socialist Worker nr. 2254, jun 11 – side 16
Note: Hossam el-Hamalawy, a leading voice in the revolution, was summonsed to appear before a military tribunal. He had appeared on television and named a senior military commander responsible for the torture of activists.
 
Revolutionære Socialister, Egypten: Egyptian socialists: 'Sharaf and the military are the successors of Mubarak'
Socialist Worker nr. 2252, maj 11 
Note: A statement issued by the Revolutionary Socialists of Egypt on Monday 16 May, 2011
 
Phil Marfleet: Act II of the Egyptian Revolution
Socialist Review nr. 359, jun 11 – side 10
Note: The revolutionary process in Egypt is deepening. There is now a protracted struggle going on to shape Egypt's future, as the ruling Military Council seeks to counter militancy from below.
 
Sameh Naguib: The Islamists and the Egyptian Revolution
Socialist Review nr. 359, jun 11 – side 14
Note: Egyptian socialist Sameh Naguib looks at the role of Islamists in the Egyptian Revolution
 
Anne Alexander: Egypt's doctors strike to heal the health service
Socialist Worker nr. 2253, maj 11 – side 4
Note: A second national strike by doctors affected outpatient services in hospitals across Egypt on Tuesday of last week. Pay and conditions are at the heart of the strike.
 
Egypt: Hossam el-Hamalawy and Reem Maged called before military judges
Socialist Worker nr. 2253, maj 11 
Note: Mena solidarity has just issued this statement: We condemn the decision to refer journalists Hossam el-Hamalawy and Reem Maged for questioning by military judges on Tuesday 31 May in relation to their discussion of violations of human rights by the Egyptian military police and the ruling Supreme Military Council on Reem’s political talkshow which aired on ONTV on 26 May 2011.
 
Hans Jørgen Vad: Arabiens anden revolution i perspektiv
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 309, maj 11 – side 7
Note: Både blandt borgerlige og marxistiske analytikere har det "arabiske forår" været sammenlignet med epokegørende hændelser som de borgerlige revolutioner i 1848, opbruddet i 1968 og omvæltningerne i Østeuropa i 1989. Således også Alex Callinicos, som i en baggrundsartikel i "International Socialism" sætter den arabiske revolution ind i et større perspektiv.
 
Anne Alexander + Charlie Kimber + Unjum Mirza + Kieran Crow + Nick Grant + Andy Lawson + Muhammad Shafiq + Anna Owens: Class struggle calling out from Cairo
Socialist Worker nr. 2251, maj 11 – side 8
Note: Trade unionists from Britain met Egyptian workers in Cairo last week. They found that workers’ struggle is playing a critical role in developing Egypt’s ongoing revolution
 
Charlie Kimber: Struggle and solidarity in the streets of Cairo
Socialist Worker nr. 2250, maj 11 – side 4
Note: Egypt’s workers have reclaimed May Day as a celebration of struggle and solidarity. May Day was a fake under the dictator Hosni Mubarak, who ruled with the close support of the West until the revolution three months ago.
 
'Revolutionary Egypt: the view from the workplaces' – meeting with reports from Cairo
Socialist Worker nr. 2250, maj 11 
Note: Come and hear British trade unionists report from May Day in Cairo.
 
Siân Ruddick: Egypt: the struggle continues
Socialist Worker nr. 2249, apr 11 – side 10
Note: Thousands of workers in Egypt continue to hold strikes and sit-ins as they fight for their rights under the new regime.
 
Alex Callinicos: Analysis: The return of the Arab revolution
International Socialism Journal nr. 130, apr 11 – side 3
Note: In the winter of 1939-40 the German Marxist critic Walter Benjamin wrote a remarkable text known as “Theses on the Philosophy of History”. In it he attacked the widespread belief on the left that socialism would come about inevitably, as the fruit of historical progress.
 
Phil Marfleet: Act One of the Egyptian Revolution
International Socialism Journal nr. 130, apr 11 – side 57
Note: Of all the startling scenes which made up Act One of the Egyptian Revolution, the events in Tahrir Square on 2 February were surely most astounding. When Mubarak sent gangs of plainclothes police to attack demonstrators, the protesters fought like demons. They first resisted, then drove back the baltagiyya (criminals/thugs). As news of the battle spread, people flooded in from every area of Cairo, racing to the front line to support the resistance.
 
Anne Alexander: Workers at the heart of the Egyptian Revolt
Socialist Worker nr. 2244, mar 11 – side 10
Note: Anne Alexander reports from Cairo on the ongoing revolution and talks to trade unionists about the role of the workers’ movement.
 
Ahmed al-Sayyed: Egyptian health worker: 'We've won so much'
Socialist Worker nr. 2244, mar 11 – side 11
Note: Ahmed al-Sayyed, president of the Health Technicians Union
‘Our union represents about 200,000 workers, including radiographers, lab technicians, dental technicians and medical instrument makers.
 
Kamal Abu Aita: Egyptian worker: 'Our victory is a victory for workers of the world'
Socialist Worker nr. 2244, mar 11 – side 11
Note: Kamal Abu Aita, president of the Property Tax Collectors Union
‘During the revolution, workers stood against the regime. At first we participated as individuals. Then we founded the Federation of Independent Unions, which raised the banner of trade union independence.
 
Gigi Ibrahim: Egypt: women in the revolution
Socialist Worker nr. 2243, mar 11 – side 4
Note: Discrimination against women and sexual harassment has been entrenched in mainstream Egyptian culture. It’s treated as a joke. Everywhere we go we face verbal harassment.
 
Jakob L. Krogh: 18 dage der rystede verden
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 307, mar 11 – side 6
Note: Efter 18 dages protester blev Mubarak den 11. februar tvunget fra magten af en massebevægelse og en strejkebølge. Men det var ikke folket, der tog magten. Det var Det Øverste Militære Råd – et militærkup på ryggen af folket.
 
Jakob L. Krogh: Skal Danmark hjælpe med at skabe demokrati i Egypten?
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 307, mar 11 – side 9
Note: Det mener udenrigsminister Lene Espersen: ”Selve fundamentet for et demokrati og et pluralistisk samfund er forskellige politiske partier, og dem har Egypten ikke. Det problem er jeg parat til at hjælpe egypterne med at løse. I dag har egypterne reelt kun to partier at vælge imellem – regeringspartiet og Det Muslimske Broderskab,” sagde hun til Berlingske Tidende, lige efter Mubarak var blevet afsat.
 
Judith Orr: Egypt's workers fight to deepen the revolution
Socialist Worker nr. 2241, mar 11 – side 4
Note: Cairo’s Tahrir Square became a battlefield again on Friday of last week when masked commandoes from the Egyptian army waded into demonstrators with tasers, whips and sticks.
 
Anne Alexander: Revolution is a cry of rage against injustice
Socialist Worker nr. 2240, feb 11 – side 4
Note: Leading activists in the Egyptian workers’ movement, representing tens of thousands of striking workers, met in Cairo last Saturday. They agreed a common programme of demands and to co-ordinate further action.
 
Egypt: Demands of the workers in the revolution
Socialist Worker nr. 2240, feb 11 
Note: Egyptian independent trade unionists’ declaration, Cairo, 19 February 2011: Revolution – Freedom – Social Justice.
 
Egyptiske uafhængige fagforeningsfolks erklæring (Cairo, 19 feb. 2011): Revolution – Frihed – Social Retfærdighed
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 306, feb 11 
Note: Knapt 40 egyptiske strejkeledere fra den uafhængige fagforeningsbevægelse udsendte lørdag dette arbejder-program med krav til den kommende udvikling.
 
Salma Ibrahim: Egypt’s largest public company declares indefinite strike
Socialist Worker nr. 2239, feb 11 
Note: Some 24,000 workers at Misr Spinning and Weaving Company in Mahalla Al Kubra, Egypt’s largest public owned company, have started an indefinite, all-out strike.
Alt. url: Dansk oversættelse
 
Egypten: Arbejderne er trådt ind på historiens scene
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 306, feb 11 
Note: Hundredtusinder af arbejdere er gået i aktion de seneste uger for at forsvare revolutionen og kræve radikale ændringer i deres løn- og arbejdsvilkår.
Alt. url: http://www.socialistworker.co.uk/art.php?id=23943
 
Judith Orr: Egypt: 18 days that shook the world
Socialist Worker nr. 2239, feb 11 – side 1
Note: There are years that live on in our history: 1848, 1917, 1968, 1989. Now we have a new date to celebrate. 11 February 2011: the day the dictator Hosni Mubarak was brought down by the Egyptian revolution.
 
Who says?: Egypt speaks
Socialist Worker nr. 2239, feb 11 – side 2
Note: In their own words
 
Ahdaf Soueif: ‘Revolution has captured the imagination’
Socialist Worker nr. 2239, feb 11 – side 2
Note: Egyptian novelist Ahdaf Soueif spoke to Socialist Worker.
 
Tim Sanders: Cartoon: Tim's view
Socialist Worker nr. 2239, feb 11 – side 3
Note: Western leaders cheer arab revolutions
 
Editorial: Revolution is the motor driving history forward
Socialist Worker nr. 2239, feb 11 – side 3
Note: The Egyptian revolution is a blow to all those who think change is impossible. There is an exhilaration to those moments when ordinary people overthrow an old society and start to build a fresh one.
 
Alex Callinicos: Is this a revolution or just a coup?
Socialist Worker nr. 2239, feb 11 – side 4
Note: It was the self-organised masses who forced the generals to act – now the military is striving to get the genie back into the bottle.
 
Phil Marfleet: Egypt: After 30 years of market 'reforms' we're fighting back
Socialist Worker nr. 2239, feb 11 – side 4
Note: Egypt’s revolution has delivered a resounding “No” to free market neoliberal capitalism.
 
Incredible wealth of the rich under Mubarak
Socialist Worker nr. 2239, feb 11 – side 4
Note: The regime encouraged a celebration of wealth and greed. It has sold state land near Cairo to property developers at knock-down prices.
 
Egyptian tax collectors: ‘We need your support’
Socialist Worker nr. 2239, feb 11 – side 4
Note: A solidarity appeal from the independent Egyptian Property Tax Collectors’ Union (RETAU)
 
Simon Assaf: Egypt: Strike wave deepens the revolution and threatens the power of capital
Socialist Worker nr. 2239, feb 11 – side 5
Note: Egypt is in the grip of a huge strike wave that marks a sudden and dramatic deepening of the revolution. Tens of thousands of workers have walked out of offices, factories, textile mills, ports, hospitals, schools and universities across the country. Even police officers are demonstrating.
 
Egypt: Workers have taken to the stage of history
Socialist Worker nr. 2239, feb 11 – side 5
Note: Hundreds of thousands of workers have taken action over the past week to defend the revolution and demand radical changes in their pay and working conditions.
 
Egyptian workers challenge the bosses’ control
Socialist Worker nr. 2239, feb 11 – side 5
Note: Some 1,000 workers from the Egyptian-American Steel company in Sadat City sat in for the second day on Monday over wages, health insurance and meal incentives.
 
Judith Orr: Egyptian socialists: 'This won't stop at Mubarak'
Socialist Worker nr. 2239, feb 11 – side 6
Note: Socialists in Egypt spoke to Socialist Worker editor Judith Orr in Cairo about the new challenges they face.
 
Salma Ibrahim: Egyptens største offentlige virksomhed går i tidsubegrænset strejke
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 306, feb 11 
Note: Omkring 24.000 arbejdere på Misr spinde- og væveselskab i Mahalla Al Kubra, Egyptens største offentligt ejede selskab, har startet en tidsubestemt, total strejke.
Alt. url: Original English, Socialist Worker 2239
 
Alex Callinicos: Egypten: Er dette en revolution eller bare et kup?
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 306, feb 11 
Note: Leon Trotskij fortæller i sine erindringer, at Lenin umiddelbart efter den russiske revolution i oktober 1917 sagde til ham på tysk: ”Es schwindelt” – ”Det gør én svimmel.”
Alt. url: Original English, Socialist Worker 2239
 
Phil Marfleet: Er Egyptens hær på folkets side?
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 306, feb 11 
Note: Da Omer Suleiman, Egyptens nu ex-vicepræsident, talte fredag, sagde han to ting: Mubarak går af, og hæren tager over. Det er endnu ikke klart, hvad dette betyder.
Alt. url: Oversat fra Socialist Worker (UK), særnummer 2238a, 12. feb. 2011
 
Anne Alexander: Egypterne har ændret historiens gang
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 306, feb 11 
Note: Da protesterne startede, var der nogle der spurgte: Hvordan kunne det egyptiske folk så meget som drømme om at kæmpe imod den stærkeste, ældste og mest brutale stat i den arabiske verden?
 
Simon Assaf: Diktatoren, som revolutionen væltede
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 306, feb 11 
Note: Diktatoren er faldet. Mubarak er væk. Israels mand, imperialismens mand, USA’s mand, Verdensbankens man, er væk. Mubarak er blevet fejet væk af en af de største massebevægelser i historien.
 
Stemmer fra Egypten
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 306, feb 11 
Note: ”Egypterne har sat en side i historiebøgerne” – ”Vi vil have valg nu” – ”Vi bragte arbejderne ud – og regimet brød sammen” – ”Vi er fyldt med stolthed”
 
Jørn Andersen: Mubarak er gået – tvunget væk af folkeligt oprør. Men Mubaraks regime er stadig ved magten
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 306, feb 11 
Note: Hundredtusinder af egyptere er gået på gaden i en gigantisk folkefest, efter at vicepræsident Suleiman kl. 17 fredag meddelte, at præsident Mubarak er trådt tilbage efter næsten 30 år.
 
Anne Alexander: Egypt: 'The regime's ruling party is in disarray. But the state is not yet broken'
Socialist Worker nr. 2238, feb 11 – side 4
Note: Anne Alexander reports from Cairo on Egypt's revolution and the challenges it faces.
 
Anne Alexander: Egypt: Unity is forged in battle
Socialist Worker nr. 2238, feb 11 – side 4
Note: Tahrir Square has become the centre of the revolution—a space won at a terrible cost. Around the square are banners and placards with the faces of the young men and women who have died in the uprising.
 
Phil Marfleet: The Muslim Brotherhood: caught between resistance and compromise
Socialist Worker nr. 2238, feb 11 – side 5
Note: The Muslim Brotherhood is Egypt’s largest opposition organisation—more a movement than a political party. It has millions of supporters. Many are involved in the uprisings.
 
Muslim Brotherhood: Timeline
Socialist Worker nr. 2238, feb 11 – side 8
 
Judith Orr: Egypt: Revolution in motion
Socialist Worker nr. 2238, feb 11 – side 8
Note: The revolt in Egypt has raised how revolutions take place—and how they can win. Judith Orr who has recently returned from Cairo looks at the way forward.
 
Siân Ruddick: The battle for Egypt continues
Socialist Worker nr. 2238, feb 11 – side 16
Note: The past week has been one of turmoil in Egypt. Plain clothes police, security forces and paid thugs brutally attacked protesters in Tahrir Square in central Cairo on Wednesday of last week.
 
Egypt: ‘The revolution is on a knife edge’
Socialist Worker nr. 2238, feb 11 – side 16
Note: An Egyptian socialist organising in Tahrir Square spoke to Socialist Worker about the struggle.
 
Egypt: ‘The bullets killing us are made in the US’
Socialist Worker nr. 2238, feb 11 – side 16
Note: President of the independent Property Tax Collectors’ Union Kamal Abu Aita spoke to Socialist Worker about the importance of international solidarity with the Egyptian revolution.
 
Forced to kiss Mubarak’s portrait
Socialist Worker nr. 2238, feb 11 – side 16
Note: Ramy al Banna is a 20 year old British Egyptian student who was captured by state thugs when he went to Cairo to take part in the revolution.
 
Egypt: International solidarity spreads
Socialist Worker nr. 2238, feb 11 – side 16
Note: ACROSS THE world people have shown support for the Egyptian revolution. Up to 1,000 joined the Stop the War Coalition protest at the Egyptian embassy in London last Saturday.
 
Simon Assaf: Special issue: Revolution that toppled the dictator
Socialist Worker nr. 2238, feb 11 – side 2
Note: The tyrant has fallen. Mubarak has gone. Israel’s man, imperialism man, the US’s man, the World Bank’s man, has been deposed. Mubarak has been swept away by one of the greatest mass movements in history.
 
Phil Marfleet: Is Egypt’s army on the people’s side?
Socialist Worker nr. 2238, feb 11 – side 2
Note: When Omer Suleiman, Egypt’s now ex vice president, spoke on Friday he said two things: Mubarak is going and the army is taking over. It is not yet clear what this means.
 
What we think: Socialism is not an impossible dream
Socialist Worker nr. 2238, feb 11 – side 2
Note: The Egyptian people have made a revolution that will change the course of history. Hosni Mubarak was one of the world’s most brutal dictators and was backed to the hilt by the US and all the western powers.
 
Spreading revolt
Socialist Worker nr. 2238, feb 11 – side 2
Note: Tunisia – Egypt – Jordan – Yemen – Algeria – Saudi Arabia – Palestine – Morocco
 
Western leaders backed Mubarak
Socialist Worker nr. 2238, feb 11 – side 3
Note: Tony Blair – David Cameron – Hillary Clinton – Silvio Berlusconi
 
Tim Sanders: Cartoon: Tim's view
Socialist Worker nr. 2238, feb 11 – side 3
 
Voices from Egypt
Socialist Worker nr. 2238, feb 11 – side 3
Note: 'Egyptians have put a page in the history books'
 
Anne Alexander: Egyptians have changed the course of history
Socialist Worker nr. 2238, feb 11 – side 4
Note: At the start of the protests some asked: how could the Egyptian people even dream to take on the strongest, oldest, most brutal state in the Arab world.
 
Wassim Wagdy: 'No one can tell you how beautiful a revolution is'
Socialist Worker nr. 2238, feb 11 – side 4
Note: Dictators are the last to understand the people when they wake up.
 
Siân Ruddick: Egypt's strike wave spreads
Socialist Worker nr. 2238, feb 11 
Note: A strike wave involving thousands of workers is sweeping across Egypt today (Wednesday). An Egyptian activist in Cairo told Socialist Worker that their phone is ringing every ten minutes with new reports of walkouts.
 
Siân Ruddick: Packed London meeting pledges solidarity with Egyptian revolution
Socialist Worker nr. 2238, feb 11 
Note: More than 300 people packed into a Socialist Workers Party meeting in solidarity with the Egyptian revolution in central London last night.
 
Statement from the Revolutionary Socialists Egypt
Socialist Worker nr. 2238, feb 11 
Note: A statement issued by revolutionary socialists in Egypt on Sunday 6 February, 2011.
 
Siân Ruddick: Egyptens strejkebølge breder sig
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 306, feb 11 
Note: En strejkebølge, der omfatter tusinder af arbejdere, breder sig ud over Egypten i dag (onsdag 9. feb.). En egyptisk aktivist i Cairo fortalte til Socialist Worker, at deres telefon ringer hvert tiende minut med nye rapporter om arbejdsnedlæggelser.
 
Jørn Andersen + Jakob L. Krogh: Egypten: Pas på hæren
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 306, feb 11 – side 7
Note: ”Det egyptiske folk og den egyptiske hær er ét,” er et populært slogan i de første 12 dage af den egyptiske revolution. Og det står efter 12 dage klart, at hærens handlinger kan blive afgørende. Ingen revolution kan vinde, uden at den vinder det meste af militæret over på sin side.
 
Morten Rasmussen: Egypten: Er Det Muslimske Broderskab en trussel mod revolutionen?
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 306, feb 11 – side 7
Note: Vi hører hele tiden om faren ved Det Muslimske Broderskab i Egypten, at de er nogle forfærdeligt ekstremistiske og radikale islamister, der nærmest er at frygte mere end Mubarak selv.
 
Hossam el-Hamalawy: Interview med Hossam el-Hamalawy: Egypten: Oprør har ligget i luften
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 306, feb 11 – side 8
Note: Hossam el-Hamalawy er en egyptisk journalist og aktivist, som blogger på websitet 3arabawy. Han har længe skrevet om krisen i Mubaraks regime, der er kulmineret i masse-oprøret i år.
 
Jakob L. Krogh + Lotte Wittendorff Laursen: Egypten: Støttedemonstrationer i Danmark
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 306, feb 11 – side 9
Note: Lige fra oprøret i Egypten startede, har der været en række støtte-demonstrationer i Danmark. En af de første var lørdag den 29. januar. Den var indkaldt foran den egyptiske ambassade.
 
Anders Bæk Simonsen: Hykleri og demokrati
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 306, feb 11 – side 9
Note: Vestens politiske elite har udstillet sig selv som en flok opportunistiske hyklere: På den ene side har de hyldet falske forsøg på demokratisering gennem krige i Irak og Afghanistan, alt imens de på den anden side har støttet diktaturerne i hele regionen.
 
Egyptisk revolutionær: ‘Vi er forandret for altid’
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 306, feb 11 – side 12
Note: Sameh, en revolutionær socialist i Egypten, talte med Socialist Worker.
 
Revolutionære Socialister, Egypten: Erklæring fra Revolutionære Socialister i Egypten
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 306, feb 11 
Note: Revolutionære Socialister i Egypten udsendte 6. februar følgende erklæring.
 
Anne Alexander: Egypten: Kristen-muslimsk enhed er rodfæstet i revolutionære traditioner
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 305, jan 11 
Note: De britiske medier er fulde af frygtelige historier om volden i den egyptiske revolution. De sidste par dage har de været fokuseret på vold mod udlændinge, især journalister.
 
Judith Orr: Victory to the Egyptian revolution
Socialist Worker nr. 2237, feb 11 – side 2
Note: Judith Orr reports from Cairo.
It seemed like the whole of Egypt was on the streets.
Over a million people marched in Cairo on Tuesday. The city was one unstoppable mass of humanity.
And it wasn’t just Cairo. In Suez more than 500,000 marched. There was another 500,000 in Alexandria, 250,000 in Mansoura, Arish and Mahalla.
 
Judith Orr: Egypt: ‘People have lost their fear. Now they won’t be satisfied by anything but victory’
Socialist Worker nr. 2237, feb 11 – side 2
Note: Judith Orr reports from Cairo.
It was like arriving in a warzone when I entered Cairo on Sunday.
The streets leading to Tahrir Square, the centre of Egypt’s revolution, were strewn with burnt out police vans and rubble. Soldiers and tanks were everywhere.
 
Judith Orr: Egypt: A revolt that threatens the US and Israel
Socialist Worker nr. 2237, feb 11 – side 2
Note: Judith Orr reports from Cairo.
The Egyptian revolution is Israel’s and the US’s worst nightmare. The US wants a “smooth” transition to another government that will do its bidding.
 
Tim Sanders: Cartoon: Tim on Blair and Egypt
Socialist Worker nr. 2237, feb 11 – side 2
Note: This is not the sort of regime change we favour
 
Judith Orr: Egypt: Local committees: 'The people are making us safe'
Socialist Worker nr. 2237, feb 11 – side 3
Note: Judith Orr reports from Cairo.
Much has been made in the media of the young men on barricades with sticks and crowbars—apparently a sign of chaos and violence. But the truth is different.
 
Editorial: Revolution can change everything
Socialist Worker nr. 2237, feb 11 – side 3
Note: The Egyptian revolution is in progress. It is a momentous event. The protests have the potential not just to bring down a dictator, but to transform the balance of power between the rich and poor across the globe.
 
Egyptian revolutionary: ‘We are changed forever’
Socialist Worker nr. 2237, feb 11 – side 3
Note: Sameh, a revolutionary socialist in Egypt, spoke to Socialist Worker.
“I was in Alexandria meeting some comrades on Monday of last week. I was followed by plain-clothes police who questioned the café owners about me, saying I was not from there. Only days later we can sit in the open talking about revolution and socialism, and no one is watching.”
 
‘Don’t steal our revolution’ ElBaradei
Socialist Worker nr. 2237, feb 11 – side 3
Note: For many affluent Egyptians and Western governments one figure has emerged as the “face” of the secular opposition—Mohamed ElBaradei.
 
Are the people and the army as one in Egypt?
Socialist Worker nr. 2237, feb 11 – side 3
Note: The army’s actions in the coming days will be vital. The majority of people see the army as a friend—“The Egyptian people and the Egyptian army are one hand” is a popular slogan.
 
Alex Callinicos: Egypt: Dilemma that baffles US government
Socialist Worker nr. 2237, feb 11 – side 4
Note: The rising in Egypt is an event of world-historic proportions. It has put the largest and most important country in the Arab world on the verge of revolution.
 
Siân Ruddick: The seven days that shook a dictatorship
Socialist Worker nr. 2237, feb 11 – side 4
Note: The people of Egypt, inspired by the Tunisian uprising, have taken to the streets determined to oust the dictator Hosni Mubarak. Their revolt has shown that Arab and Western rulers were right to fear the spread of revolution after Tunisia.
 
Simon Assaf: Muslim Brotherhood: a contradictory force
Socialist Worker nr. 2237, feb 11 – side 4
Note: Imperialism and its allies are decidedly nervous about the role of the Muslim Brotherhood in a post-Mubarak Egypt. Its role is also being debated on the streets, where some worry it will stifle protests. But the spectre evoked by the US and others of a “dark force of fundamentalism” is a simplistic portrayal of Egypt’s largest opposition movement.
 
Anne Alexander: Egypt: The working class can drive the revolution on
Socialist Worker nr. 2237, feb 11 – side 5
Note: Egypt’s workers have the potential to play a decisive role in the revolution. Networks of independent union activists were crucial in mobilising support for the 25 January protests that sparked the uprising.
 
Simon Assaf: The hold of Nasser and nationalism remains a strong force
Socialist Worker nr. 2237, feb 11 – side 5
Note: The figure of Gamal Addul Nasser towers over modern Egyptian history. As president between 1956 and 1970 he stood firm against imperialism and transformed Egypt.
 
Matthew Cookson: Liberation and the Middle East
Socialist Worker nr. 2237, feb 11 – side 10
Note: Imperialist domination of the Middle East, and resistance to it, have shaped Egypt for more than 100 years. The 30-year dictatorship of Hosni Mubarak is bound up with Egypt’s alliance with the US and Israel.
 
Protesters defend revolution in Egypt from Mubarak thugs
Socialist Worker nr. 2237, feb 11 
Note: The Egyptian regime of Hosni Mubarak is attempting to turn back the revolution in Egypt today.
 
Determined resistance to Mubarak's thugs
Socialist Worker nr. 2237, feb 11 
Note: Today there were determined efforts to crush the Egyptian revolution.
 
Eyewitness from the defence of Tahrir Square – Thursday morning
Socialist Worker nr. 2237, feb 11 
Note: An eye witness in Tahrir Square reports,"Walking into the square, rubble everywhere.
 
Millions demonstrate in Egypt on 'departure day' for Mubarak
Socialist Worker nr. 2237, feb 11 
Note: Vast numbers of protesters have again filled the streets across Egypt to demand an end to Hosni Mubarak and his regime.
 
Eyewitness report from Cairo – Saturday afternoon
Socialist Worker nr. 2237, feb 11 
Note: Socialist Worker’s eyewitness reports from Egypt.
 
Leon Kuhn: Cartoon: Castles made of sand
Socialist Worker nr. 2237, feb 11 
 
Judith Orr: Judith Orr reporting live from Cairo
Socialist Worker nr. 2237, feb 11 
Note: Socialist Worker editor Judith Orr reports live from Cairo as the revolution unfolds.
 
Eamonn McCann: Britain and the US's hypocritical condemnations of the Egyptian dictatorship
Socialist Worker nr. 2237, feb 11 
Note: A reminder to Barack Obama and David Cameron from Eamonn McCann about what they said before the Egyptian people rose up.
 
Interview med Hossam el-Hamalawy: Egypten: Oprør har ligget i luften
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 305, jan 11 
Note: Hossam el-Hamalawy er en egyptisk journalist og aktivist, som blogger på websitet 3arabawy. Han har længe skrevet om krisen i Mubaraks regime, der er kulmineret i masse-oprøret i år.
 
Video of Wassim Wagdy outside the Egyptian embassy in London
Socialist Worker nr. 2236, jan 11 
Note: Egyptian socialist Wassim Wagdy spoke about what the revolution in Egypt means on a protest outside the Egyptian embassy in London, 28 January 2011.
 
Judith Orr: Egypt in revolt – Judith Orr's Cairo diary
Socialist Worker nr. 2236, jan 11 
Note: Socialist Worker editor Judith Orr reporting from Cairo as the revolution unfolds (30 Jan – 2 Feb)
 
Dictators everywhere are living in fear of Tunisian example
Socialist Worker nr. 2236, jan 11 – side 5
Note: Egypt – Jordan – Yemen – Algeria – Palestine – Albania
 
Wassim Wagdy: Egyptian socialist: 'We can make Mubarak run like Ben Ali'
Socialist Worker nr. 2236, jan 11 
Note: They said they would be there, and they were. The 25 January was declared a “Day of Anger” by democratic and socialist forces a week beforehand. The significance of the choice of date cannot be overestimated—it is “Police Day— an occasion when the regime incessantly drums up the virtues of its patriotic police force.
 
Siân Ruddick: Mass protests across Egypt threaten Mubarak's dictatorship
Socialist Worker nr. 2236, jan 11 
Note: Thousands of people remain on the streets of towns and cities in Egypt after a day of huge demonstrations calling for the downfall of the dictator Hosni Mubarak and his regime.
 
Siân Ruddick: Protester i Egypten ryster regimet
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 305, jan 11 
Note: Masseprotester prægede gaderne i Egypten i går (25. jan.) i Alexandria, Suez, hovedstaden Cairo og andre dele af landet.
 
Diktatorer overalt lever i frygt for det tunesiske eksempel
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 305, jan 11 
Note: Den tunesiske revolution har givet selvtillid til mennesker overalt til at gå til modstand.
 
Siân Ruddick: Egypt's protests rock the regime
Socialist Worker nr. 2236, jan 11 
Note: Mass protests took over the streets of Egypt yesterday—in Alexandria, Suez, the capital Cairo and other parts of the country.
 
Anne Alexander: Ny strejkebølge ryster Egypten
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 290, aug 09 – side 10
Note: Atter fyldtes gader over hele Egyptens med demonstranter, da tjenestemænd, tekstil- og postarbejdere i august gik ud i en strejkebølge. Anne Alexander rapporterer om, hvordan deres krav hurtigt forøgede den politiske spænding.
 
Matthew Cookson: Egyptian state provokes riots by slaughtering pigs
Socialist Worker nr. 2150, maj 09 – side 6
Note: The Egyptian government’s plan to slaughter the country’s pigs as a response to swine flu provoked riots in the capital city of Cairo last Sunday.
 
Tag til Marxism i London
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 288, apr 09 – side 14
Note: 5-dages seminar med 200 møder samt musik, udstillinger, film og meget mere.
 
Egyptian workers defy repression
Socialist Worker nr. 2139, feb 09 – side 4
Note: Egyptian security forces have launched a campaign of intimidation against supporters of Palestine.
 
Pressures on Egypt’s Muslim Brotherhood opposition party
Socialist Worker nr. 2136, jan 09 – side 9
Note: Opposition to Israel’s war on Gaza has exposed the shortcomings of the Muslim Brotherhood, the main opposition movement in Egypt, according to socialist activists in the country.
 
Simon Assaf: Egyptian protesters jailed (online only)
Socialist Worker nr. 2132, dec 08 
Note: An emergency security court in Egypt has jailed 22 textile workers and their supporters for their role in the uprising in the Nile Delta town of Mahalla al-Kubra. A further 27 were acquitted.
 
Hossam el-Hamalawy: Gaza Special Issue: Egyptians rage at hated regime
Socialist Worker nr. 2132, dec 08 – side 2
Note: From the moment that Israel began its onslaught on Gaza, mass demonstrations broke out in Egypt. Up to a quarter of a million people took part in the first two days of demonstrations.
 
Egyptian Mahalla workers back on the streets
Socialist Worker nr. 2126, nov 08 – side 3
Note: Textile workers in the Egyptian town of Mahalla al-Kubra staged a protest on Thursday of last week against plans to privatise the company.
 
Simon Assaf: Book review: Inside Egypt
Socialist Review nr. 329, okt 08 – side 28
Note: by John R Bradley, Palgrave Macmillan, £14.99
Egypt is on the brink of revolution, unless the US changes its policy towards the regime of Husni Mubarak. That at least is the conclusion of John R Bradley's new book, Inside Egypt – The land of the Pharaohs on the brink of a revolution.
 
Simon Assaf: Egypt—the trial of the Mahalla 49 begins: Detainees accuse state of torture
Socialist Worker nr. 2118, sep 08 – side 6
Note: Egyptian security used torture and cooked up evidence against workers arrested following mass protests that erupted in the town of Mahalla earlier this year.
 
Egypt: Mahalla strikers’ trial is adjourned
Socialist Worker nr. 2114, aug 08 – side 3
Note: The trial of 49 Egyptian workers in Mahalla opened last Saturday, with 25 of the accused in a cage in court. The trial has been adjourned to 1 September.
 
Simon Assaf: Support Egyptian workers facing trial
Socialist Worker nr. 2113, aug 08 – side 3
Note: Egyptian opposition groups and workers’ associations are calling for international support for 49 people arrested during the state crackdown on protesters in the Nile Delta town of Mahalla al-Kubra in April.
 
Dalia Said Mostafa: Youssef Chahine: remembering Egypt’s greatest film maker
Socialist Worker nr. 2113, aug 08 – side 11
Note: The death of Youssef Chahine on 27 July means that Egypt has lost the last great director from the 1950s generation.
 
Join the hundreds signing petition for Egyptian Mahalla detainees (online only)
Socialist Worker nr. 2112, aug 08 – side 51
Note: Read the petition to defend Egyptian protesters from Mahella and add your signature.
 
Egyptian strike leaders are released
Socialist Worker nr. 2105, jun 08 – side 4
Note: Three Egyptian strike leaders have been released from detention and given back their jobs in a key victory for textile workers in Mahalla el-Kubra.
 
Hossam el-Hamalawy: Egyptian Strikes: More than bread and butter
Socialist Review nr. 325, maj 08 – side 18
Note: What impact has the recent strike wave and protest had on Egyptian society? Egyptian revolutionary socialist Hossam el-Hamalawy argues that the struggles of the working class are central to the growing confidence of the opposition movement to dictator Hosni Mubarrak.
 
Strejkebevægelse ryster Egypten
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 278, apr 08 – side 16
Note: Situationen i Mellemøsten udvikler sig dramatisk. Både på universiteterne og de store arbejdspladser ulmer oprøret, og springer fra tid til anden ud i lys lue. Senest er modstanden toppet d. 6. april i år med de store strejker i byen Mahalla.
Denne artikel skitserer kort udviklingen i den egyptiske modstand.
 
Jesper Juul Mikkelsen: Interview: Porten til Mellemøstens befrielse åbnes i Egypten
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 278, apr 08 – side 17
Note: Den 27 – 30 marts 2008 blev den 6. Cairo Konference afholdt. Ved konferencen benyttede Jesper Juhl Mikkelsen fra SAA anledningen til, at stille Ashraf et par spørgsmål. Ashraf er revolutionær socialist og ledende i opbygningen af modstanden mod Mubarak på Cairo Universitet.
 
Simon Assaf: Egypt: Repression in Mahalla fuels anger at dictator
Socialist Worker nr. 2097, apr 08 – side 6
Note: The Egyptian regime has unleashed a wave of repression on the industrial city of Mahalla el-Kubra following four days of riots and demonstrations.
 
Eyewitness from Egypt
Socialist Worker nr. 2097, apr 08 – side 6
Note: US journalist James Buck witnessed the crackdown in Mahalla following the uprising.
 
Simon Assaf: Egypt's workers defy repression in Mahalla
Socialist Worker nr. 2096, apr 08 – side 16
Note: Tens of thousands of Egyptians faced down murderous repression in a historic show of defiance.
 
Solidarity statement of Egypt's Centre for Socialist Studies
Socialist Worker nr. 2096, apr 08 – side 16
Note: In light of recent events in Egypt, the Centre for Socialist Studies calls on supporters of freedom and justice everywhere in the world to show their support for victims of repression at the hands of Hosni Mubarak's regime.
 
Anne Alexander: Cairo Conference: Delegates meet amidst strike wave
Socialist Worker nr. 2095, apr 08 – side 16
Note: Hundreds of delegates to the sixth Cairo Conference against globalisation and imperialism met this week amid a growing movement for social justice in Egypt.
 
Anne Alexander: Egypt's strike wave: Inside Egypt’s mass strikes
International Socialism Journal nr. 118, apr 08 – side 123
Note: Egyptian workers’ dramatic revival of strikes is a direct challenge to those who argue that the working class in the Middle East—or in the Third World more generally—has been economically and politically marginalised.
 
Mustafa Bassiouny + Omar Said: Egypt's strike wave: A new workers’ movement: the strike wave of 2007
International Socialism Journal nr. 118, apr 08 – side 129
Note: This is a translation and adaption of a pamphlet published by the Centre for Socialist Studies in Cairo, December 2007, Raiyyat al-idirab fi sama’ masr: haraka ‘ummaliyya gadida 2007. Mustafa Bassiouny and Omar Said are journalists working for the independent press, Bassiouny for Al-Dustur and Said for Al-Badil.
 
New round of strikes sweeps across Egypt
Socialist Worker nr. 2094, mar 08 – side 4
Note: Egyptian democracy campaigners have called for a “day of popular anger” to coincide with a textile workers’ strike on 6 April. The protest comes as rampant inflation fuels a new round of strikes and protests against the dictatorship of Hosni Mubarak, a key US ally in the Middle East.
 
Tony Cliff: The Present Agrarian Crisis in Egypt (1935)
Note: The present world crisis, which is accompanied by growing economic autarky, has worsened and degraded the condition of monoculture countries, to a much greater extent than that of polyculture countries which, due to the versatility of their economies, are not greatly hit by this autarky.
 
Egypt: Doctors join the revolt against regime
Socialist Worker nr. 2090, mar 08 – side 2
Note: Doctors in Egypt have threatened to strike if their demands over pay are not met. They are the latest group to join a wave of popular unrest led by Egyptian workers and peasants against the US-backed regime of Hosni Mubarak.
 
Hossam el-Hamalawy: Egypt: strikes shake US ally
Socialist Worker nr. 2089, feb 08 – side 1
Note: Tens of thousands of workers challenge dictator
 
Simon Assaf: Gaza: ‘The week we broke their prison state’
Socialist Worker nr. 2086, feb 08 – side 8
Note: For daring to elect a Hamas government the people of Gaza have been starved of food and supplies by the West. Now they refuse to be pushed any further.
 
Gehan Shabaan: Tandlægen og historien der rystede Egypten
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 275, jan 08 – side 12
Note: Dr. Alaa Al-Aswanys første roman, Yacoubians Hus, fremprovokerede vrede hos det egyptiske regime, men har også indfanget bevidstheden blandt den egyptiske offentlighed. Gehan Shabaan spørger til forfatteren og best-sellereren omkring hans værk og den nyligt filmatiserede udgave af det.
 
Farah Koubaissy + Anne Alexander: Egypt: Women were braver than a hundred men
Socialist Review nr. 321, jan 08 – side 14
Note: Resistance to the neoliberal policies of the Egyptian government has led to a strike wave involving thousands of workers. Anne Alexander describes how women have played a key role in the struggle and Farah Koubaissy visits a tobacco factory where one woman, Hagga Aisha, has led the strikes.
 
Egyptian editors jailed for ‘slandering’ Mubarak
Socialist Worker nr. 2073, okt 07 – side 4
Note: Egyptian newspapers did not appear on the stands last week as a part of a national protest against the imprisoning of editors for “slandering the president”.
 
Anne Alexander: Historisk sejr for egyptiske tekstilarbejdere
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 273, okt 07 – side 5
Note: De kom med trommer og hjemmelavede plakater, de satte en teltlejr op på fabrikkens grund og omdannede forpladsen til et ugelangt massemøde.
 
Anne Alexander: Solidaritet med arbejdere i hele Egypten
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 273, okt 07 – side 5
Note: Hossam el-Hamalawy, en egyptisk journalist og aktivist, fortæller om strejkens betydning:
Vi taler om en strejke, som lukkede den største tekstilfabrik i hele Mellemøsten. Ghazl al-Mahalla beskæftiger 27.000, og alt, hvad der sker her, har betydning for kampen i Egypten.
 
The return of the working class: Interview: Egypt’s strike wave
International Socialism Journal nr. 116, okt 07 – side 25
Note: Sameh Naguib, an Egyptian socialist, spoke to International Socialism about the current strike movement and its political backdrop, including the role of the million-strong Muslim Brotherhood.
 
Egyptian postal workers occupy
Socialist Worker nr. 2061, jul 07 – side 4
Note: Egyptian postal workers occupied the Egyptian Postal Service building in the capital Cairo last week.
 
Growing repression in Egypt
Socialist Worker nr. 2043, mar 07 – side 4
Note: Opposition groups in Egypt have demonstrated against a constitutional amendment that would silence criticism of the regime.
 
Anne Alexander: Suez and the high tide of Arab nationalism
International Socialism Journal nr. 112, sep 06 – side 107
Note: July 26, 1956. A crowd, tens of thousands strong, gathered in Manshiyya Square in Alexandria, to hear a speech by Egypt’s president, Gamal Abd-al-Nasser. The atmosphere was tense—only days before Nasser had received a humiliating rebuff from the US Secretary of State, John Foster Dulles, to his request for a loan to build the High Dam on the Nile.
 
Egypt: Jailed activists released
Socialist Worker nr. 2007, jul 06 – side 4
Note: The Egyptian state has released members of the Kifaya (Enough) movement who were arrested during recent protests in support of rebel judges. The judges had exposed ballot rigging in last November’s parliamentary elections.
 
Jørn Andersen: Ægypten: Studerende kæmper for deres organisationer
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 254, apr 06 – side 5
Note: På Cairo-konferencen var der også et møde for studenter. Jeres udsendte var desværre nødt til at nå et fly inden mødet, men vi har fået en rapport fra Anas, en studerende fra „Det Muslimske Broderskabs Studenter“.
 
Egypt: The fight for democracy that Straw won’t mention
Socialist Worker nr. 1962, aug 05 – side 2
Note: British Foreign secretary Jack Straw has set himself the task of giving Arab rulers “the confidence to face down terrorism”. He believes there is “a wind of change” blowing in the Middle East.
 
The drive for real democracy in the Middle East
Socialist Worker nr. 1962, aug 05 – side 8
Note: Leading economist Samir Amin joined activists to discuss the struggle for democracy in the Middle East at Marxism 2005. We reprint edited highlights of the meeting.
 
Jan Hoby: Cairo-konferencen: Er Ægypten på vej mod demokrati?
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 241, apr 05 – side 1
Note: For første gang var der dansk deltagelse i Cairo-konferencen, som blev afholdt for tredje gang i Ægypten i påskedagene. Konferencen samlede mere end 3000 deltagere fra mere end 30 lande.
 
Egypt: the pressures build up (interviews)
International Socialism Journal nr. 106, mar 05 – side 23
Note: Ppressure is building up against the Mubarak's 23 year old pro-US dictatorship, socialist activists from Egypt report.
 
Egypt: Poisoned by their bosses and then denied their pay
Socialist Worker nr. 1930, dec 04 – side 4
Note: WORKERS EMPLOYED by the Egyptian-Spanish Company for Asbestos Products in Cairo began a sit-in at the company on Saturday 20 November. They are protesting over the failure of the company to pay them their wages for September and October.
 
Hari al-Khazzaf: Middle East: Stirrings on the Nile
Socialist Review nr. 257, nov 01 – side 5
Note: News Review
 
Rasmus Keis: Den glemte historie: Verdens første strejke
Socialistisk Revy nr. 9, nov 98 – side 24
Note: I dag vil mange beskrive det gamle Ægypten som værende et eksempel på et meget stabilt og harmonisk samfund, hvor befolkningen holdt sammen på grund af en stærk nationalfølelse og kulturarv. Rasmus Keis påviser, at klassekampen, enten skjult eller åbenlys, var en ligeså stor del af det gamle Ægypten, som den er det i dag.
 
Carsten Sørensen: Imod USA, for kapitalisme: Nassers nationalisme
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 62, sep 90 – side 10
Note: Arabere i titusindvis har i de sidste uger demonstreret til fordel for Saddam Hussein. De ser ham som én, der, ligesom Nasser, forsøger at smide den vestlige og især amerikanske kontrol over Mellemøsten på porten.
 
Phil Marfleet: Egypt’s Deepening Crisis
International Socialism Journal (1st series) nr. 89, jun 76 – side 14
Note: Last year it was reported that in central areas of Cairo the population density now exceeds by three times that of the most crowded slum districts of Calcutta. (153,000 per square kilometre). Since that estimate was made the population of the city will have increased by a third of a million. And Egypt’s long term debts will have increased to a staggering 14 billion dollars.
 
Libyen
Gilbert Achcar: Feedback: Letter to the editor: Libya
International Socialism Journal nr. 134, apr 12 – side 205
Note: Simon Assaf’s article “Libya at the Crossroads” in International Socialism 133 included a misinterpretation of my position on Libya as one that “argued that the left had no choice but to support intervention”.
 
Peter Schjerning: Kaotiske tilstande i Libyen
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 317, feb 12 – side 12
Note: Libyen ligner, ca. 100 dage efter Muammar Gaddafis fald, et land i kaos.
 
Simon Assaf: Anger in Benghazi
Socialist Review nr. 366, feb 12 – side 4
Note: Libya has erupted once again in protest. In January an angry crowd of some 2,000 people stormed the offices of the ruling National Transitional Council (NTC) in Benghazi, the birthplace of the revolution.
 
Simon Assaf: Libya at the crossroads
International Socialism Journal nr. 133, jan 12 – side 127
Note: The revolutions in the Middle East burst like thunder across a region long considered beyond change and are being undertaken by people long considered incapable of acting in their own interests. The idea that revolutions are the stuff of history has now been firmly put to rest.
 
Gaddafis død er en lettelse for Vesten
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 313, okt 11 
Note: Oberst Muammar Gaddafi blev dræbt i dag (20. okt) i nærheden af sin hjemby Sirte i Libyen. Mange libyere, der har været deltaget i en bitter kamp mod hans brutale regime i mange måneder fejrer det på gaderne.
 
Gaddafi's death is relief for West
Socialist Worker nr. 2274, okt 11 
Note: Colonel Muammar Gaddafi was killed today near his hometown of Sirte in Libya. Many Libyans who have engaged in a bitter fight with his brutal regime for many months are celebrating in the streets.
Alt. url: Dansk oversættelse
 
Simon Basketter: “War on Terror”: Was Jack Straw involved in rendition and torture of Libyan man?
Socialist Worker nr. 2273, okt 11 – side 13
Note: Did the British government send a family to be tortured in Libya as a gift to Colonel Gaddafi? Sami al-Saadi says so—and he is claiming damages for the years of torture he suffered.
 
Simon Basketter: Britain and Libya: tortured friends
Socialist Worker nr. 2268, sep 11 – side 16
Note: New documents expose years of murderous interventions in Libya by British governments.
 
Lene Junker: Libyen: NATO’s “humanitære bomber” dræber civile
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 310, jul 11 – side 11
Note: Krigen mod Libyen startede officielt for at afværge Gaddafis overgreb på civile og støtte oprørernes kamp. Efter godt 3 måneders krig står det klart, at USA og NATO har ønsket at bombe sig til et regimeskifte i Libyen, som er venlig stemt overfor Vesten. Det Arabisk Forår er i sig selv en trussel mod vestlig kontrol og indflydelse i regionen.
 
Judith Orr: ‘Humanitarian’ Nato bombs kill civilians and rebels
Socialist Worker nr. 2257, jun 11 – side 6
Note: Bombing civilians in the name of saving civilians—that is the reality of Western intervention in Libya.
 
Patrick Ward: Refugees from Libya left to die by Nato ships speak out – exclusive
Socialist Worker nr. 2255, jun 11 – side 16
Note: Hundreds of refugees from Libya were left to drown by Nato ships, survivors told Socialist Worker. They say that their sinking vessel appealed for help from passing Nato and Italian ships, but none would stop.
 
Editorial: Libya: the costly, slippery slope of 'humanitarian intervention'
Socialist Worker nr. 2253, maj 11 – side 3
Note: The bombing of Libya’s capital Tripoli has intensified. Across Libya, civilians are dying in massive Nato air attacks as well as in bombardments by Gaddafi’s regime.
 
Dave Crouch: Libya: West’s forces drop bombs 1,800 times a month
Socialist Worker nr. 2252, maj 11 – side 4
Note: The bombing of Libya should expand to include the country’s infrastructure, the head of the British armed forces has argued.
 
Richard Seymour: Baggrunden for Libyen-krigen: Imperialisme og revolution i Mellemøsten
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 309, maj 11 – side 10
Note: Vesten har en lang og blodig historie i Mellemøsten. Richard Seymour afdækker, hvordan de seneste revolutioner har fremtvunget en ny strategi fra imperialistiske magter i deres forsøg på at styre regionen.
 
Justits- og udenrigsministeriet tillader våbensalg til Gaddafi
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 309, maj 11 – side 10
Note: Ved at søge aktindsigt har Information fået adgang til papirer, der viser, at i hvert fald 3 danske våbenfirmaer fik tilladelse til at sælge våben til Libyen kort tid før revolutionerne i Mellemøsten og Nordafrika begyndte. Det drejer sig om Terma, CompoShield og Systematic.
 
Simon Assaf: NATO giver næring til Libyens humanitære krise
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 309, maj 11 – side 13
Note: 61 mennesker omkom, da de flygtede med båd fra Libyen i slutningen af marts. Europæiske militærskibe nægtede at hjælpe. Kun 11 flygtninge overlevede, resten døde af sult og tørst – også små børn. De overlevende hævder, at mindst et NATO-skib ignorerede deres bønner om hjælp og derved brød den internationale maritime lov.
 
Simon Assaf: Nato is fuelling Libya's humanitarian crisis
Socialist Worker nr. 2251, maj 11 – side 4
Note: Sixty one refugees died on a boat fleeing Libya in late March after European military vessels refused to help, it has emerged. All but 11 on board the stranded boat died of thirst and hunger, including young children.
 
Judith Orr: Crisis deepens for the West in Libya
Socialist Worker nr. 2250, maj 11 – side 5
Note: The British embassy in Tripoli was burned to the ground when news broke that a Nato attack had killed the second youngest of Colonel Gaddafi’s sons, 29-year old Saif al-Arab, and three grandchildren under the age of 12.
 
Judith Orr: Libya: West’s mission is to hijack the revolution
Socialist Worker nr. 2249, apr 11 – side 10
Note: There is no “mission creep” in the Western intervention in Libya. What is happening is “mission reveal”. The contradictions show up in the battle for the city of Misrata.
 
Simon Assaf: Libyan suspicion grows at role of Nato
Socialist Worker nr. 2248, apr 11 – side 6
Note: The euphoria that greeted Western intervention in Libya has given way to deep suspicion as the fighting drags on.
 
Western intervention in Libya means devastation and war
Socialist Worker nr. 2244, mar 11 – side 9
Note: The West’s interference in Libya began a new chapter this week. Framed as humanitarian intervention, French, British and US forces began bombing “military targets”. The words “humanitarian intervention” are a cover for the horror being unleashed on the Libyan people.
 
There is an alternative to Western intervention
Socialist Worker nr. 2244, mar 11 – side 9
Note: Many people who are on the side of the Libyan uprising worry that we can’t just sit back and let it be crushed by Gaddafi’s forces. But there is an alternative to Western bombs and Gaddafi’s repression. Instead of bombing Libya, Western governments could hand all the assets they have seized from Gaddafi’s regime to the revolutionary forces.
 
The West's history of intervention in Libya
Socialist Worker nr. 2244, mar 11 – side 12
Note: The shadow of imperialism has dominated Libya’s recent history.
 
Simon Assaf: The West is no friend of Libya's revolt
Socialist Worker nr. 2244, mar 11 – side 20
Note: Western military intervention in Libya is being sold to us as “humanitarian intervention” to defend the revolution.
 
The cost of Britain's war on Libya – £3 million a day
Socialist Worker nr. 2244, mar 11 – side 20
Note: While the government claims there is no money to fund public services, it is prepared to spend millions of pounds on bombing Libya at a moment’s notice.
 
Eamonn McCann: Eamonn McCann on Colonel Gaddafi
Socialist Worker nr. 2244, mar 11 
Note: I once challenged Muammar Gaddafi when he suggested that Libya could support revolutionary movements around the world while maintaining agreeable trading relations with world powers.
 
Simon Assaf: Hvordan Vesten afpressede den libyske revolution
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 307, mar 11 
Note: Vestens militære angreb på Muammar Gaddafi er blevet hilst velkommen af millioner af mennesker, som er forfærdede over hans grusomheder mod det libyske folk. Denne krig bliver solgt som en ”humanitær intervention” med strenge garantier for, at der ikke vil komme nogen landinvasion.
 
12 grunde til at gå imod luftangreb: Nej til intervention i Libyen! Sejr til de arabiske revolutioner!
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 307, mar 11 
Note: Ingen skal tro, at Storbritanniens, Frankrigs, Danmarks og USA's militære intervention i Libyen vil bringe demokrati og frihed.
 
Siân Ruddick: ‘No-fly zone’ is no way to free Libya
Socialist Worker nr. 2243, mar 11 – side 16
Note: The battle for Libya has raised questions about how ordinary people can defeat heavily-armed regimes. The advances being made by forces loyal to the dictator Muammar Gaddafi can seem to some to justify Western calls to impose a no-fly zone.
 
Jakob L. Krogh: NATO, invasioner, frihed og fred
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 307, mar 11 
Note: Lene Espersen siger, at Danmark vil stille med 4 F16 fly til et flyveforbud over Libyen. Sarkozy, Cameron og Den Arabiske Liga argumenterer for flyveforbud over Libyen. Dele af venstrefløjen og dele af oprørerne i Libyen ønsker også et flyveforbud.
 
Simon Assaf + Ken Olende: Libyske revolutionære udtaler: ”Vestens krigsmaskine vil ikke hjælpe os med at vinde”
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 307, mar 11 – side 8
Note: Intervention vil styrke oberst Gaddafi.
 
Peter Iversen: Gaddafis historie
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 307, mar 11 – side 9
Note: Muammar Gaddafi har regeret Libyen i mere end 40 år. Han tog magten helt tilbage i 1969 ved et militærkup imod den daværende libyske konge.
 
Gaddafis søn læste i København
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 307, mar 11 – side 9
Note: Hannibal Gaddafi, den yngste søn til Libyens diktator, havde, på trods af flere voldsepisoder i Paris og manglende deltagelse i studierne, ingen problemer med at få lov til at bo og læse i København. På trods af de ellers strenge krav for opholdstilladelse for almindelige mennesker.
 
Ken Olende + Simon Assaf + Simon Assaf + Ken Olende: Libyan revolutionaries speak out:: ‘The West’s war machine won’t help us win’
Socialist Worker nr. 2241, mar 11 – side 1
Note: Intervention will strengthen Colonel Gaddafi -- “We are against any foreign intervention or military intervention in our internal affairs,” said Abdel-Hafidh Ghoga in Libya’s second city Benghazi last Sunday.
Alt. url: På dansk i Socialistisk Arbejderavis 307
 
Ken Olende: British elite's links to the butchers of Libya
Socialist Worker nr. 2241, mar 11 – side 5
Note: The uprising in Libya has spread and deepened across the country. As Socialist Worker goes to press Muammar Gaddafi is only just holding onto the capital Tripoli, and threatens a bloody counter- attack against rebels.
 
Simon Assaf: New forms of democracy spring up in Benghazi
Socialist Worker nr. 2241, mar 11 – side 5
Note: Benghazi, Libya’s second city and birthplace of the revolution, has made official the revolutionary council that emerged during the uprising.
 
Richard Seymour: The West should stay out of Libya – intervention will make things worse
Socialist Worker nr. 2241, mar 11 – side 5
Note: As Colonel Gaddafi ruthlessly slaughters his opponents some are calling for a revival of “humanitarian intervention”—a military response by other countries under the pretext of safeguarding human rights.
 
Simon Assaf: 'We can have victory—Libya is returning to the people'
Socialist Worker nr. 2240, feb 11 – side 2
Note: Libya's revolution is on a knife-edge with protesters facing a swift and harsh crackdown by the regime
 
Simon Assaf: Oil and influence: Libya and the West's hypocrisy
Socialist Worker nr. 2240, feb 11 – side 2
Note: Muammar Gaddafi has ruled Libya for 40 years. He is one of the longest serving rulers in the Arab world—and he is a ruler the West has always been prepared to do business with.
 
Simon Assaf: Fra Libyen og Bahrain til resten af regionen: Oprørene fortsætter med at sprede sig
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 306, feb 11 
Note: En storm af revolutioner, opstande og revolter fortsætter med at tordne gennem hele Mellemøsten. Dens hastighed og omfang kan gøre én forpustet.
 
Tunesien, Egypten ..: Protesterne spreder sig
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 306, feb 11 – side 10
Note: For første gang i årtier er det lykkedes et folkeligt oprør at vælte en diktator i den arabiske del af verdenen. Eksemplet fra Tunesien og senere fra Ægypten har spredt sig ud over Mellemøsten og Nordafrika. Det har givet mange en tro på at det er muligt at kæmpe imod undertrykkelsen.
 
Ågot Berger: Jens Nauntofte: “Kadaffi – Libyens Godfather”: Hva’ Ka’daffi?
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 20, jun 86 – side 8
Note: NAUNTOFTES BOG ER aktuel, informativ og piller eventuelle illusioner væk om at Libyen er en progressiv stat, som står i centrum for kampen mod imperialismen. Derudover er bogen koncentreret om Kadaffi og hans udenrigspolitiske rolle.
 
Libyen: Stop deres vanvid
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 19, maj 86 – side 1
Note: Da Reagans bombefly i sidste måned lod flere tons sprængladninger regne ned over Libyen, satte det for alvor spørgsmålstegn ved, ‘hvor langt vil Ronald Reagan gå?’
 
Jason Meyler: Libyen: Hvor langt vil Rambo gå?
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 19, maj 86 – side 5
Note: Reagans angreb på libyske byer har rejst frygten for, at et endnu værre er på vej. Reagan synes at være en meget større trussel mod verdensfreden, end Gadaffi nogensinde vil kunne magte.
 
Ågot Berger: Hvad er Reagan bange for?
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 16, jan 86 – side 3
Note: Libyens præsident, Muammar Gaddafi, har igen stået i centrum for den internationale presse.
 
Jonathan Bearman: Libya – the development of the Qadhafi regime
International Socialism Journal nr. 24, jun 84 – side 101
 
Algeriet
Ken Olende: Ahmed Ben Bella: 1918-2012
Socialist Worker nr. 2298, apr 12 
Note: Ahmed Ben Bella became the first president of independent Algeria, after leading the struggle against the brutal rule of French colonialism.
 
Leo Zeilig: Pitfalls and radical mutations: Frantz Fanon’s revolutionary life
International Socialism Journal nr. 134, apr 12 – side 141
Note: Since his death Frantz Fanon has been appropriated for almost every cause. Five years after his death in 1961 he emerged as the preferred theorist of the emergent Black Power movement in the US, influencing Bobby Seale and Huey P Newton in the Black Panther Party.
 
17 October 1961: Massacre in Paris
Socialist Worker nr. 2273, okt 11 – side 8
Note: Fifty years ago police in Paris killed over 200 Algerian protesters and threw their bodies into the River Seine. Historian Jean-Luc Einaudi exposed the murders in his book The Battle of Paris. He spoke to Sellouma from France’s New Anticapitalist Party.
 
17 October 1961: Eyewitnesses to the 1961 Paris massacre
Socialist Worker nr. 2273, okt 11 – side 8
Note: A senior steward hurried to give me a green armband as I arrived. I effectively became a traffic warden, except that I was directing Algerians—women and men, old people and children.
 
Mark Thomas: Film: Outside the Law
Socialist Worker nr. 2252, maj 11 – side 11
Note: French-Algerian film director Rachid Bouchareb challenges the myths of French colonialism in his new film Outside the Law. In Days of Glory he recalled the central but forgotten role of soldiers from France’s North African colonies in the liberation of Europe from the Nazis. His new film is an uncompromising defence of the struggle for Algerian independence against French rule.
 
Siân Ruddick: Middle East round-up: ‘The gates to our freedom have been opened’
Socialist Worker nr. 2239, feb 11 – side 6
Note: Since Tunisia’s revolution began in December, people across North Africa and the Middle East have risen up against their regimes. They are inspired by Tunisia and Egypt, where two dictators were toppled in the last few weeks.
Algeria – Bahrain – Yemen – Palestine
 
Spreading revolt
Socialist Worker nr. 2238, feb 11 – side 2
Note: Tunisia – Egypt – Jordan – Yemen – Algeria – Saudi Arabia – Palestine – Morocco
 
Tunesien, Egypten ..: Protesterne spreder sig
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 306, feb 11 – side 10
Note: For første gang i årtier er det lykkedes et folkeligt oprør at vælte en diktator i den arabiske del af verdenen. Eksemplet fra Tunesien og senere fra Ægypten har spredt sig ud over Mellemøsten og Nordafrika. Det har givet mange en tro på at det er muligt at kæmpe imod undertrykkelsen.
 
Diktatorer overalt lever i frygt for det tunesiske eksempel
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 305, jan 11 
Note: Den tunesiske revolution har givet selvtillid til mennesker overalt til at gå til modstand.
 
Siân Ruddick: Oprør ryster nordafrikanske regimer
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 305, jan 11 
Note: Opstande ryster de autoritære regimer i Tunesien og Algeriet i Nordafrika. Demonstrationer har hærget Tunesien i mere end tre uger. Høj ungdomsarbejdsløshed, fattigdom og stigende leveomkostninger kombineret med elitens uanstændige rigdom og korruption har dette ført til raseri.
 
Jacqui Freeman: Film: "Intimate Enemies": A distant portrayal that ultimately fails the test
Socialist Worker nr. 2086, feb 08 – side 11
Note: Two million French soldiers fought in Algeria between 1954 and 1962 in a vain attempt to stop Algerian independence. An estimated 300,000 to 600,000 Algerians died compared to 27,000 French people.
 
Ian Birchall: Algeria: Torture last time
Socialist Review nr. 322, feb 08 – side 22
Note: When Algerian journalist Henri Alleg published his account of being tortured at the hands of the French colonial regime it became an instant bestseller. Ian Birchall tells us why the book is still as relevant today as it was 50 years ago during the Algerian War of Independence.
 
Sheila McGregor: The legacy of Frantz Fanon
Socialist Worker nr. 2052, maj 07 – side 13
Note: Sheila McGregor looks back at the life and work of the radical psychiatrist
 
Anne Alexander: Mujahideen on mopeds (A review of Hugh Roberts: "The Battlefield: Algeria 1988-2002" (Verso, 2003), £17, and Luis Martinez, The Algerian Civil War (Hurst, 2000), £16.50)
International Socialism Journal nr. 108, sep 05 – side 194
 
Ian Birchall: Resistance: Path of Greatest Resistance
Socialist Review nr. 290, nov 04 – side 16
Note: Bush and Blair's denunciation of Iraqi insurgents as 'criminals' and 'terrorists' recalls the experience of the French Resistance and the Algerian war of independence.
 
Jean-Paul Sartre: Resistance: The Rebel's Weapon
Socialist Review nr. 290, nov 04 – side 19
Note: In 1961 Frantz Fanon, a leader of the Algerian National Liberation Front, wrote the inspirational book 'The Wretched of the Earth'. French socialist, philosopher and writer Jean-Paul Sartre wrote an extended introduction to Fanon's important work. Here we reprint extracts from Sartre's essay calling on the French left to support the Algerian struggle and see it as their own.
 
Frank Antonsen: Algeriet: Massakre for land og olie
Socialistisk Revy nr. 1, feb 98 – side 5
Note: I de sidste ti dage af 1997 blev 428 mennesker dræbt i Algeriet. I januar 1998 er der på blot en uge blevet dræbt mindst 600. Disse sidste mord er blot toppen af isbjerget af den borgerkrig, der har hærget Algeriet siden militærkuppet i 1992, og som anslået har kostet 80.000 menneskeliv.
 
Anders Schou: Islam: Vestens skræmmebillede
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 107, sep 94 – side 11
Note: Den muslimske tro er efterhånden etableret som den vestlige verdens nye skræmmebillede. Men fundamentalisme udspringer af andre forhold end religionen.
 
Rune Jakobsen: Vestens stille bifald til kuppet i Algeriet: Folket stemte – hæren bestemmer
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 78, feb 92 – side 2
 
Ian Birchall: Review: Revolution Against the Revolution
International Socialism Journal (1st series) nr. 34, sep 68 – side 37
Note: The Algerian Insurrection 1954-1962, Edgar O’Ballance,Faber, 36s. --- Major O’Ballance, an expert on revolutionary war whose sympathies lie firmly with the forces of ‘order,’ has written a military history of the Algerian war of national liberation. As such, it may serve to illuminate the complex relationship of political and military factors.
 
Theo Melville: 144 Exciteable Persons (Algeria)
International Socialism Journal (1st series) nr. 4, mar 61 – side 17
 
Marokko
Sigurd Sejer Skov: Protester i Marokko – Nej til undertrykkelse og fattigdom
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 360, jun 17 – side 15
Note: I oktober blev en fiskehandler dræbt i en renovationsbil i forsøget på at redde sine konfiskerede handelsvarer.
 
Simon Assaf + Alistair W: Revolt keeps spreading throughout the region
Socialist Worker nr. 2240, feb 11 – side 5
Note: Following the overthrow of Ben Ali in Tunisia, and Hosni Mubarak in Egypt, all regimes in the Middle East—whether considered “friendly” or “hostile” by the West—have been challenged by the spreading revolutionary movement.
 
Simon Assaf: Fra Libyen og Bahrain til resten af regionen: Oprørene fortsætter med at sprede sig
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 306, feb 11 
Note: En storm af revolutioner, opstande og revolter fortsætter med at tordne gennem hele Mellemøsten. Dens hastighed og omfang kan gøre én forpustet.
 
Spreading revolt
Socialist Worker nr. 2238, feb 11 – side 2
Note: Tunisia – Egypt – Jordan – Yemen – Algeria – Saudi Arabia – Palestine – Morocco
 
Vestsahara
Jamal Khalil: Western Sahara: intifada and occupation
Socialist Worker nr. 2066, sep 07 – side 4
Note: Morocco’s occupation of Western Sahara has brought repression, but has also led to an intifada, says Jamal Khalil, a Saharawi activist.
 
Mali
Jesper Juul Mikkelsen: Mali: Danmark skal igen i krig, venstrefløjen splittet
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 349, nov 15 – side 3
Note: Siden januar 2013 har tusindvis af franske tropper været i krig i deres tidligere koloni Mali. Senere samme år blev den franske mission godkendt som FN mission, hvor både canadiske og engelske soldater har deltaget.
 
Ken Olende: France extends invasion in Mali
Socialist Worker nr. 2343, mar 13 – side 8
Note: The French government says its troops will stay in Mali, west Africa, at least until July. It had promised to leave this month—but said that Islamic rebels have put up a tougher fight than expected.
 
Ken Olende: Mali: French ‘victory’ descends into chaos
Socialist Worker nr. 2340, feb 13 – side 20
Note: French claims of victory turned out to be premature as Islamist rebels counter-attacked in northern Mali’s largest city, Gao. The city saw two days of heavy fighting last weekend.
 
Jesper Juul Mikkelsen: Nej til angreb på Mali!
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 326, jan 13 – side 4
Note: Den officielle udlægning af Frankrigs angreb på Mali er et velkendt omkvæd: “islamiske terrorister” og “jihadister”, en trussel mod den internationale sikkerhed og for den lokale befolkning.
 
Magthavernes racisme dækker over imperialistisk krig i Mali
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 325, dec 12 
Note: FNs Sikkerhedsråd har enstemmigt støttet vestlig intervention i Mali.
 
Ken Olende: Fransk angreb på Mali er et imperialistisk projekt
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 325, dec 12 
Note: Franske kampfly begyndte at bombe løs i den nordlige halvdel af den vestafrikanske stat Mali fredag i sidste uge.
 
Jonathan Højgaard: Tinariwen: Skæv og farverig ørkenblues
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 292, okt 09 – side 11
Note: Et af årets mest spændende udgivelser er kommet fra Tinariwen, et band bestående af beduiner fra Sahara. Deres skramlende, men stadigt forholdsvis tilgængelige lyd beskrives bedst som en blanding af beskidt blues og folkemusik som den spilles af Tuareg-folket.
 
Guinea-Bissau
John Newsinger: Cabral’s Marxism (A. Cabral: “Unity and Struggle” + J. Saul: “State and Revolution in East Africa”)
International Socialism Journal nr. 12, mar 81 – side 121
Note: The coup d’etat of November 1980 in Guinea-Bissau has placed a large question mark over the achievement of the PAIGC (Party of African Independence for Guinea-Bissau and Cape Verde) and will inevitably herald a growing disenchantment among that regime’s admirers in the West. At such a time, it is perhaps useful to consider the character of the national liberation struggle in Guinea-Bissau and, more particularly, the ideas of its leader, Amilcar Cabral.
 
Liberia
Anders Schou: Liberia – en historie om undertrykkelse
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 218, sep 03 – side 5
Note: Nogle håber, at amerikansk intervention eller andre fremmede tropper kan skabe fred og frihed i Liberia, men udenlandsk indblanding har faktisk skabt undertrykkelse fra landets fødsel.
 
Margit Johansen: Liberia: Stormagternes blodige krig
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 217, aug 03 – side 5
Note: Mere end 1000 mennesker er dræbt i de sidste uger i Liberia.
 
Charlie Lywood: Kapitalismens blodige arv (Liberia, Israel, Rusland/Tjetjenien): En verden i krig
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 139, aug 96 – side 4
Note: Verden er rystet af krig. I alle verdensdele udkæmpes der borgerkrige eller blodige krige mellem nationer.
 
Elfenbenskysten
Leo Zeilig: Ivory coast crisis
Socialist Worker nr. 2249, apr 11 – side 14
Note: Leo Zeilig speaks to Pascal Bianchini, a writer and researcher on Africa in France, about the background to the fighting in the West African country.
 
Mani Tanoh: Ivory coast crisis: Without politics from below resistance is difficult to build
Socialist Worker nr. 2249, apr 11 – side 14
Note: Mani Tanoh of the International Socialists Ghana discusses possibilities for Ivory Coast’s future.
 
Ken Olende: Imperialisme er ikke svaret i Elfenbenskysten
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 304, dec 10 
Note: USA og EU optrapper presset for at afgøre, hvem der skal regere i den vestafrikanske stat Elfenbenskysten. De fleste iagttagere har erklæret, at Alassane Ouattara slog den siddende præsident Laurent Gbagbo ved valget den 28. november 2010.
Alt. url: Oversat fra Socialist Worker (UK) 2233, 8 januar 2011
 
Også revolution i Afrika ...
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 187, nov 00 – side 5
Note: “Det er ligesom i Jugoslavien,” jublede folket i Elfensbenkysten, da de midt i oktober gik massivt på gaden, da deres Milosevic – kupgeneral Gueï – også ville snyde med valgresultatet.
 
Ghana
Gyekye Tanoh: What is the real legacy of Kwame Nkrumah?
Socialist Worker nr. 2042, mar 07 
Note: A mass movement led by Kwame Nkrumah won Ghana its independence 50 years ago. Ghanaian socialist Gyekye Tanoh looks back at those inspiring struggles – and draws the lessons for today.
 
Bibin Patel: Playing it both ways in Ghana
Socialist Review nr. 40, feb 82 – side 6
Note: For the second time Jerry Rawlings has taken over in Ghana pledged to a 'holy war' against corruption. Bippin Patel looks at the problems facing the radical military regime.
 
Nigeria
Anna Rytter: Massestrejker i Nigeria
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 317, feb 12 – side 4
Note: Selvom Nigeria er et af verdens rigeste lande på olie, guld og diamanter, er det en rigdom, som kun en meget lille del af befolkningen har adgang til.
 
Baba Aye: Letter from ...: Letter from Nigeria
Socialist Review nr. 366, feb 12 – side 9
Note: Baba Aye reports on the millions who took to the streets in the largest and most intense strikes that Nigeria has ever seen.
 
Ken Olende: Shell makes payment over oil campaigner Ken Saro-Wiwa's death (online only)
Socialist Worker nr. 2156, jun 09 
Note: In an out of court settlement oil multinational Shell has paid £9.5 million to the family of Nigerian author and activist Ken Saro-Wiwa. The family had taken the company to court in New York, accusing it of complicity in the execution of Saro-Wiwa in 1995.
 
Abiodun Olamosu: Nigerian workers march against government attacks (online only)
Socialist Worker nr. 2152, maj 09 
Note: Around 10,000 trade unionists marched through Lagos, Nigeria's commercial capital on Wednesday of last week. The march grew in size as people joined it on route. It was protesting against government plans to deregulate the price of fuel, demanding a substantial increase in the minimum wage and calling for electoral reform to guarantee free and fair elections.
 
Nigerian teachers win their dispute
Socialist Worker nr. 2114, aug 08 – side 3
Note: An all-out strike by state sector teachers in Nigeria has ended after four weeks with a government recommendation that teachers get a 27.5 percent pay increase.
 
Femi Aborisade: Workers bring Nigeria to a halt
Socialist Worker nr. 2057, jun 07 – side 4
Note: The four day nationwide strike in Nigeria from 20 to 23 June has once again demonstrated the revolutionary potential of the working class. Nigeria’s President, Umaru Yar’Adua, said the strike “wreaked havoc on our economy and our people”.
 
Leo Zeilig: Nigeria: Several time bombs
Socialist Review nr. 259, jan 02 – side 22
Note: Leo Zeilig talked to Nigerian socialist Femi Aborisade
Alt. url: Socialist Review Index
 
Shell i Nigeria: Profit for enhver pris
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 129, feb 96 – side 2
Note: Da 9 menneskerettigheds- og miljøaktivister blev henrettet af det nigerianske militærdiktatur i november sidste år, gjorde olieselskabet Shell meget ud af, at de ikke ville blande sig i Nigerias indre forhold.
 
Martin B. Johansen: Nigeria: Shell smører diktaturet
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 124, nov 95 – side 8
Note: Shell og andre multinationale firmaer har en stor del af skylden for den blodige undertrykkelse af Nigerias folk.
 
Martin B. Johansen: Afrika mellem oprør og tragedie: Generalstrejke i Nigeria
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 106, aug 94 – side 7
Note: En generalstrejke i Nigeria har tvunget militærdiktaturet i knæ. Strejken viser arbejderklassens enorme magt, når den slås.
 
Andrew Miller: The Notebook: Nigeria
International Socialism Journal (1st series) nr. 32, mar 68 – side 5
Note: At the time of writing (6th January) prospects of an early end to the bloody war of attrition being waged in Nigeria seem increasingly remote. In the virtual absence of hard news in recent weeks one can only surmise a virtual stalemate after more than seven months of war.
 
Niger
Rebels stage prison breakout in Niger
Socialist Worker nr. 2356, jun 13 – side 8
Note: At least 22 people, including several Islamist militants, escaped from prison in Niger’s capital Niamey last weekend.
 
Tchad
Paul Martial: Foreign Intervention: France – Wishing You Weren't Here
Socialist Review nr. 313, jan 07 – side 20
Note: France is intervening in two African countries, using troops and fighter aircraft to defend the regimes in Chad and the Central African Republic (CAR) from rebel forces. The interventions come without any debate in the French parliament.
 
Cameroun
Ken Olende: Anger over price rises in Cameroon spills over into political demands
Socialist Worker nr. 2094, mar 08 – side 4
Note: Anti-government anger is simmering across the West African state of Cameroon. The removal of government subsidies on basic prices sparked a series of strikes and riots last month.
 
Centralafrikanske Republik
Paul Martial: Foreign Intervention: France – Wishing You Weren't Here
Socialist Review nr. 313, jan 07 – side 20
Note: France is intervening in two African countries, using troops and fighter aircraft to defend the regimes in Chad and the Central African Republic (CAR) from rebel forces. The interventions come without any debate in the French parliament.
 
Sudan
Tunesien, Egypten ..: Protesterne spreder sig
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 306, feb 11 – side 10
Note: For første gang i årtier er det lykkedes et folkeligt oprør at vælte en diktator i den arabiske del af verdenen. Eksemplet fra Tunesien og senere fra Ægypten har spredt sig ud over Mellemøsten og Nordafrika. Det har givet mange en tro på at det er muligt at kæmpe imod undertrykkelsen.
 
Sudan's referendum: a socialist's view
Socialist Worker nr. 2236, jan 11 
Note: A referendum has taken place in the south of the African country of Sudan to ask people whether they want to form a separate state. Sudanese activist Osama Zumam spoke to Socialist Worker about the situation in Sudan and what separation will mean for ordinary people.
 
Charlie Kimber: Interview: Mahmood Mamdani on Darfur
Socialist Review nr. 337, jun 09 – side 24
Note: In his new book Mahmood Mamdani puts the war in Darfur in historical context and challenges the Save Darfur Coalition's characterisation of the conflict and its call for international intervention.
 
Charlie Kimber: China’s role in Darfur does not excuse US crimes
Socialist Worker nr. 2089, feb 08 – side 4
Note: Film director Steven Spielberg has won wide praise for his decision to withdraw as artistic adviser to the 2008 Olympics in protest at China’s role in the Darfur conflict.
 
Alex Callinicos: FN-plan vil ikke hjælpe folk i Darfur
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 271, aug 07 – side 16
Note: Den 31. juli stemte de Forenede Nationer for at sende fredsskabende tropper til Darfur. Alex Callinicos diskuterer, hvorfor „humanitær intervention“ ikke vil virke.
 
Alex Callinicos: UN plan won’t help people in Darfur
Socialist Worker nr. 2063, aug 07 – side 6
Note: The United Nations last week voted to send troops to bring peace to Darfur. Alex Callinicos looks at why “humanitarian intervention” won’t work
 
James Archer: Sudan: The coup and after
Socialist Review nr. 76, maj 85 – side 13
Note: Ten days of rioting followed by a three day general strike in Sudan last month finally toppled President Numeiri.
 
Eritrea
Christine Bergen: Demonstration mod USA og FN
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 297, apr 10 – side 3
Note: Den 13. april demonstrerede Den Eritreanske Komite for Fred og Udvikling.
 
Ethiopien
Martin B. Johansen: Sult: Et vanvittigt system
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 3, dec 84 – side 4
Note: Fjernsynets reportager om de sultende og døende børn i Ethiopien har på få uger chokeret millioner af mennesker i Europa og USA.
 
Martin B. Johansen: Ingen marxisme i Ethiopien
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 3, dec 84 – side 5
Note: De vestlige lande har længe tøvet med at sende fødevarer til de sultende i Ethiopien, angiveligt fordi man ikke ønsker at støtte et regime, som orienterer sig mod Østblokken, og som får massiv våbenhjælp fra USSR.
 
Notes of the Month: Ethiopia: Class Struggle Intensity
International Socialism Journal (1st series) nr. 99, jun 77 – side 5
Note: FEBRUARY 1974 marked the effective fall of the autocratic regime of Hailie Selassie. Mutinies in the army, student demonstrations and a strike-wave whose high-point was the general strike of March 1974 unleashed a revolution whose end is still not in sight.
 
Somalia
Jesper Juul Mikkelsen: NATO og piraterne: Enhedslisten på den forkerte side
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 295, feb 10 – side 2
Note: At den danske regering sender et krigsskib til Afrikas Horn for at deltage i NATOs piratjagt ved Somalia er ikke overraskende, da det ikke er første gang, at dansk udenrigspolitik bliver dikteret af Mærsk og Dansk Industri. Men at NATO-operationen „Ocean Shield“ er vedtaget med Enhedslistens stemmer er til gengæld både overraskende og bekymrende.
 
Etiopien på vej ud af Somalia
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 286, feb 09 – side 2
Note: Den 15. januar forlod de sidste etiopiske styrker den somaliske hovedstad, Mogadishu, efter godt to års besættelse og modstandskamp.
 
Simon Assaf: A major defeat for US in Somalia
Socialist Worker nr. 2130, dec 08 – side 3
Note: The US has suffered a bloody defeat in the “third front in the war on terror” after Ethiopia announced it will be ending its occupation of Somalia at the end of the year.
 
Simon Assaf: Toxic scandal in Somalia gave birth to new piracy
Socialist Worker nr. 2129, nov 08 – side 6
Note: The escapades of Somali pirates made headlines last week. But the media has ignored the injustice behind the phenomenon.
 
Lene Junker: Et rids over Somalias nyere historie
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 282, okt 08 – side 10
Note: Somalia ligger på Afrikas Horn, midt mellem Asien, Mellemøsten og Afrika. Somalias placering ved kysten mellem det Røde Hav og det Indiske Ocean har givet landet en vigtig strategisk placering.
 
Simon Assaf: Somalia: Rebels drive back Ethiopia’s army of occupiers
Socialist Worker nr. 2119, sep 08 – side 4
Note: Ethiopia’s US-backed occupation of Somalia is fast unravelling, threatening US control over the Horn of Africa. In late August, Somali rebels seized the southern port city of Kismayo.
 
Ken Olende: Somalia’s puppet regime in trouble
Socialist Worker nr. 2101, maj 08 – side 3
Note: The US-backed occupation of Somalia is finding it increasingly hard to keep control as fighting rages against the Ethiopian army and its allies in the country’s puppet government.
 
Somalia, Lebanon, Iran: US ratchets up its global war
Socialist Worker nr. 2091, mar 08 – side 3
Note: The US is increasing its aggression against a number of countries as the “war on terror” spills over into new conflicts and tensions are heightened.
 
Christophe Chataigné: Frontlines: No peace in Somalia
Socialist Review nr. 320, dec 07 – side 4
Note: The US-backed invasion of Somalia by Ethiopian forces has predictably turned into a disaster for the Somali people.
 
Simon Assaf: Somalia: Resistance grows to US-backed occupation
Socialist Worker nr. 2078, nov 07 – side 9
Note: Somali journalist Abdisalam Guled witnessed the rise of the Union of Islamic Courts and the US-backed invasion by Ethiopian troops. He spoke to Simon Assaf.
 
Congo
Leo Zeilig: Konflikt i Congo
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 284, dec 08 – side 10
Note: Vestens ledere har fordømt kampene i Den Demokratiske Republik Congo. Men som Leo Zeilig viser, er det vestens handlinger, der ligger til grund for konflikten.
 
Leo Zeilig: Conflict in Congo
Socialist Worker nr. 2126, nov 08 – side 13
Note: Western leaders have condemned the fighting in the Democratic Republic of Congo. But as Leo Zeilig shows, the actions of the West lie behind the conflict.
 
Map of Democratic Republic of Congo
Socialist Worker nr. 2126, nov 08 – side 13
 
Charlie Kimber: Book review: Lord Leverhulme's Ghosts
Socialist Review nr. 328, sep 08 – side 27
Note: by Jules Marchal, Verso, £16.99
Many readers of this magazine will be aware of the murderous Belgian colonists in the Congo. Under the reign of terror instituted by King Leopold II in the 19th century the population of the Congo was reduced by half and as many as 8 million Africans lost their lives.
 
Editorial: Congo
International Socialism Journal (1st series) nr. 2, sep 60 – side 4
Note: Whatever the immediate reasons for Belgium’s precipitous retreat from imperialist control of Congo, the fundamental factor is that the colony had become too hot and too expensive to hold.
 
Congo/Zaire
Congo – en overset krig
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 215, jun 03 – side 10
Note: Statsledere som George Bush og Tony Blair har udråbt deres krig mod terror som “det 21. århundredes krig”. Dette afspejler enten uvidenhed eller foragt, for verden over udspiller der sig en lang række krige, der er langt blodigere end det samlede antal terrorhandlinger.
 
Charlie Kimber: Dark heart of imperialism (Ludo De Witte: "The assassination of Lumumba")
International Socialism Journal nr. 92, sep 01 – side 133
Note: Patrice Lumumba was the left wing leader of the Congo in the early 1960s. His fate at the hands of the CIA is the subject of a new book reviewed by Charlie Kimber.
 
Karen O'Toole: Review: Congo: Vengeance in blood
Socialist Review nr. 255, sep 01 – side 22
Note: Black leader Patrice Lumumba was murdered 40 years ago. Karen O'Toole reviews the events.
(Ludo De Witte: "The Assassination of Lumumba")
 
Tom Christiansen: Politisk tumult i Afrika: Vesten holder med vinderne
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 160, jun 97 – side 4
Note: Det var en stor dag for Afrika, da Zaires diktator, Mobuto faldt. Men det er samtidigt slående, hvordan Vesten lavede en kovending fra at støtte Mobuto til at afskrive ham som en korrupt diktator.
 
Martin B. Johansen: Zaire: Ny ‘dræber-virus’ skyldes fattigdom
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 116, jun 95 – side 7
Note: Udbruddet af den farlige ebola-virus skyldes ikke en overnaturlig “naturens hævn” men meget jordnær fattigdom.
 
Alex Callinicos: Zaire: Imperialism’s crude calculations
Socialist Review nr. 3, jun 78 – side 2
Note: May 23: The last few days have been like a rerun of the early 1960s. The same screaming headlines about the slaughter of whites by black rebels, the same newsreel films of Western paratroopers moving in to save the whites, the same huddles of White refugees in airport lounges retailing stories of rape and murder by savage black hordes.
 
Uganda
Ken Olende: LGBT rights: A setback for bigots in Uganda
Socialist Worker nr. 2252, maj 11 – side 3
Note: A draconian anti-gay bill has failed to pass through parliament in Uganda.
 
Kenya
Benedict Wachira: Kenya’s government feels the heat from workers’ strikes
Socialist Worker nr. 2362, jul 13 – side 8
Note: A national strike by teachers in Kenya entered its 22nd day on Tuesday of this week.
 
Ken Olende: British state admits colonial torture during Mau Mau war
Socialist Worker nr. 2357, jun 13 – side 6
Note: The government agreed on Thursday of last week to compensate Kenyans tortured by the British during the 1950s Mau Mau war. It was a momentous move.
 
Ken Olende: Book review: A true reflection of the system
International Socialism Journal nr. 126, apr 10 – side 221
Note: Michela Wrong, It’s Our Turn To Eat: The Story of a Kenyan Whistle Blower (Fourth Estate, 2009), £12.99
Kenya was long seen in the West as a stable country where journalists, NGOs and Western businesses could set up their headquarters. In 2002 the long entrenched and notoriously corrupt government of Daniel Arap Moi was finally removed in a remarkable election. Two central features were the degree of public participation and the break from the entrenched “tribalism” that has plagued the country since independence.
 
Ken Olende: Kenya's Mau Mau war: veterans demand justice from Britain
Socialist Worker nr. 2160, jul 09 – side 8
Note: Veterans of Kenya’s Mau Mau independence struggle came to Britain in June demanding compensation for atrocities committed by the British.
 
Kenya's ugly tale of colonialism
Socialist Worker nr. 2160, jul 09 – side 9
Note: The British arrived in East Africa in the 1890s and took what is now Kenya by savage military conquest.
 
Mau Mau veterans case: Seeking justice after 50 years
Socialist Worker nr. 2160, jul 09 – side 9
Note: The delegation of three men and two women veterans presented their case to the high court in London at the end of June
 
Ken Olende: Bag oprøret i Kenya
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 276, feb 08 – side 10
Note: Protesterne og optøjerne, der fulgte i kølvandet på „det stjålne valg“ i Kenya, har givet et billede af, hvor dybtliggende utilfredsheden er i det ellers „stabile“ afrikanske land, skriver Ken Olende.
 
Ken Olende: Kenya: Ethnic violence results from Western intervention
Socialist Worker nr. 2086, feb 08 – side 4
Note: There has been an upsurge in violence across Kenya in east Africa. Up to 800 people have been killed since the result of the “stolen election” was declared on 30 December 2007. Though many were protesters shot by the police, others have died in ethnic battles.
 
Patrick Ward: Kenya: 'Tribal' smokescreen
Socialist Review nr. 322, feb 08 – side 4
Note: The media reports surrounding recent events in Kenya have tended to portray it as yet another "tribal" clash.
 
Ken Olende: Kenyan strike shows trouble brewing for tea giants
Socialist Worker nr. 2069, sep 07 – side 5
Note: A strike by more than 10,000 tea pickers in Kenya in East Africa has won an 8 percent pay increase.
 
Rwanda
Andy Ridley: Book review: Dark thoughts: psychology and genocide
International Socialism Journal nr. 143, jul 14 – side 205
Note: Sabby Sagall, Final Solutions: Human Nature, Capitalism and Genocide (Pluto Press, 2013), £20.50.

In Final Solutions Sabby Sagall analyses the nature and the role of the subjective and irrational in determining genocidal mass murder. The book poses the question as to what underlying psychological and historical conditions and processes are necessary to cause groups of people to kill other groups of people en masse, out of the context of immediate military engagement.
 
John Molyneux: Review: Sabby Sagall, Final Solutions: Human Nature, Capitalism and Genocide
Irish Marxist Review (Irland) nr. 9, mar 14 – side 69
Note: Sabby Sagall has written a hugely ambitious book which covers immense historical ground and attempts to answer one of the most challenging historical and theoretical questions of our time. The historical events it deals with are four genocides: that of Native Americans at the hands of European settlers; the Armenian genocide perpetrated by Turkey; the Nazi Holocaust and the Rwanda genocide of 1994.
 
Charlie Kimber: Review article: coming to terms with barbarism in Rwanda and Burundi
International Socialism Journal nr. 73, dec 96 – side 127
Note: The first of our new Review article feature, which will alternate with our established Bookwatch series, is Charlie Kimber's timely examination of the descent into barbarism in Rwanda and Burundi.
 
Martin B. Johansen: Afrika mellem oprør og tragedie: Rwanda er ikke stammekrig
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 106, aug 94 – side 7
Note: Krigen i Rwanda er et blodigt vidnesbyrd om magthavernes og kolonimagternes kyniske og racistiske del-og-hersk politik.
 
Ole Mølholm Jensen: Rwanda: Vestlig udbytning årsag til vold
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 103, maj 94 – side 6
Note: Myrderierne i Rwanda er resultat af den mangeårige imperialistiske udbytning af befolkningen.
 
Burundi
Burundi: På randen af ny tragedie
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 115, maj 95 – side 7
Note: Mindre end ét år efter at en million mennesker blev myrdet i Rwanda er nabolandet Burundi på randen af en lignende tragedie.
 
Zambia
Alex Cobham: Christian Aid report: Death and Taxes
Socialist Review nr. 326, jun 08 – side 4
Note: Christian Aid's recent report, Death and Taxes, exposes the role of multinationals in conning poor countries out of vital tax revenue.
 
Hanille Zulu: Zambia: Når korruptionen kommer til byen
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 227, apr 04 – side 6
Note: En vred kvinde fra Zambia reagerer på Verdensbankens anklager om at Zambia er "verdens mest korrupte land".
 
Malawi
Neil Davidson: Scotland: Tartan imperialism
Socialist Worker nr. 2065, aug 07 – side 12
Note: Scotland’s historical role in Malawi contradicts attempts to present itself as an ‘oppressed’ nation, writes Neil Davidson.
 
Sult: Afrikas eget problem
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 204, jul 02 – side 4
Note: Den værste sultkatastrofe i et årti – og måske nogensinde – truer det sydlige Afrika. FN-organisationen WFP (World Food Program) skønner at 10-12 mio. mennesker i lande som Zambia, Malawi og Mozambique vil blive truet af hungersnød indenfor de næste 2-3 måneder.
 
Botswana
Andy Wynne: Review: Lessons from Botswana
International Socialism Journal nr. 138, apr 13 – side 217
Note: Motsomi Ndala Marobela, Political Economy of Botswana Public Sector Management: From Imperialism to Neoliberalism (VDM Verlag Dr. Muller, 2010), £68
Motsomi Marobela provides a comprehensive review of the suite of reforms that have dominated the public sector in sub-Saharan Africa as well as Europe over the last three decades. As such, this book deepens our understanding of this process and so provides valuable lessons on how these reforms can be fought.
 
Ken Olende: Botswana mass strike suspended – but some workers stay out
Socialist Worker nr. 2256, jun 11 – side 4
Note: Unions have suspended the public sector strike in Botswana in southern Africa after eight weeks. But some of the 90,000 workers were still on the picket lines on Monday morning. “How can we go back to work when some of our comrades that we started the strike with are now jobless? This is an insult,” one told the press.
 
Ken Olende: Botswana strike escalates as government sacks 'essential' workers
Socialist Worker nr. 2252, maj 11 
Note: The mass public sector strike in Botswana, southern Africa, escalated on Tuesday when the government sacked health workers in "essential" services. Some 90,000 public sector workers have struck for over a month demanding a 16 percent wage increase. The government has fired workers who defied a court order to return to work.
 
All out strike in Botswana
Socialist Worker nr. 2251, maj 11 – side 16
Note: The ten-day public sector strike paralysing Botswana in southern Africa has been extended indefinitely.
 
Botswana shut down by first mass strike
Socialist Worker nr. 2249, apr 11 – side 4
Note: A strike by more than 90,000 government workers has paralysed Botswana in southern Africa for more than a week. It is a historic moment for the working class in Botswana.
 
International Socialists Botswana: Public sector strike paralyses Botswana
Socialist Worker nr. 2248, apr 11 
Note: A strike by tens of thousands of government workers has paralysed Botswana in southern Africa since Monday.
 
Kerstin Andrae Marobela: Resisting the new ‘scramble for Africa’ in Botswana
Socialist Worker nr. 2067, sep 07 – side 4
Note: Kerstin Andrae Marobela reports on growing resistance in Botswana to US plans for military bases and a new government “spy” bill.
 
Zimbabwe
Saying no to Zimbabwe’s constitution
Socialist Review nr. 379, apr 13 – side 6
Note: Socialist Review spoke to Tafadzwa Choto of the International Socialist Organisation in Zimbabwe about the significance of the recent referendum on a new constitution.
 
Zimbabwe: Appeal is rejected for the six convicted socialists
Socialist Worker nr. 2297, apr 12 – side 2
Note: The Zimbabwe Six have had their appeal against their sentence of community service rejected. The six socialists, convicted for watching a video of the Arab Spring, were each sentenced to a fine of £310 and 420 hours of community service.
 
Zimbabwe: treason charges dropped, but trial to go on
Socialist Worker nr. 2255, jun 11 – side 6
Note: The Zimbabwean state has dropped the most serious charges against six activists who faced the death penalty for treason.

They now face the lesser charge of “subverting a constitutional government”—but this still carries a maximum sentence of 20 years. Their trial begins on 18 July.
 
Zimbabwe socialists released on bail – but the campaign goes on
Socialist Worker nr. 2244, mar 11 – side 18
Note: Six socialists facing the death penalty for watching a video on the Middle East uprisings were released on bail by a Zimbabwean judge last week.
 
Ken Olende: Zimbabwe treason trialists released on bail
Socialist Worker nr. 2243, mar 11 
Note: A Zimbabwean judge yesterday released on bail the six socialists facing the death penalty for watching a video on the Middle East uprisings.
 
Yuri Prasad: Socialists are at risk in Zimbabwe
Socialist Worker nr. 2241, mar 11 – side 4
Note: A group of socialists in Zimbabwe faces a possible death sentence for watching a video about the Egyptian Revolution. Forty-five activists were charged with treason and “subverting a constitutionally elected government” in a Harare court last week.
 
Yuri Prasad: Zimbabweanere risikerer dødsdom for at diskutere den egyptiske revolution
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 306, feb 11 
Note: En gruppe socialister i Zimbabwe risikerer dødsdom for at se en video om den egyptiske revolution. Omkring 52 aktivister blev anklaget for forræderi og for at "undergrave en forfatningsmæssigt valgt regering" ved en domstol i Harare i går (onsdag 23. feb.).
Alt. url: Oversat fra Socialist Worker (UK) 2240
 
Urgent appeal for support after Zimbabwean socialists arrested
Socialist Worker nr. 2240, feb 11 
Note: Zimbabwean police raided a meeting of the International Socialist Organisation on the revolt in the Middle East last Saturday, arresting 52 people. The students, union members and workers are still being detained at Harare Central prison.
 
Yuri Prasad: Zimbabweans face possible death sentence for discussing Egyptian Revolution
Socialist Worker nr. 2240, feb 11 
Note: A group of socialists in Zimbabwe face a possible death sentence for watching a video about the Egyptian Revolution. Some 52 activists were charged with treason and “subverting a constitutionally elected government” in a Harare court yesterday (Wednesday).
Alt. url: Dansk oversættelse
 
Charlie Kimber: Film Review: Mugabe and the White African: Zimbabwe movie ignores imperialism’s real history
Socialist Worker nr. 2184, jan 10 – side 11
Note: This film dramatically shows the attempt by two white farmers – Mike Campbell and his British son-in-law Ben Freeth – to stop the Zimbabwean government taking over their 3,000-acre farm.
 
Editorial: Western intervention at root of Zimbabwe’s disaster
Socialist Worker nr. 2131, dec 08 – side 12
Note: The British government’s hypocrisy over the cholera epidemic in Zimbabwe is jaw-dropping. Gordon Brown has said that “enough is enough” and that the United Nations security council should meet to discuss action against Robert Mugabe’s government.
 
Leo Zeilig: A new phase of struggle in post-deal Zimbabwe
Socialist Review nr. 329, okt 08 – side 6
Note: It was difficult to watch the power-sharing deal signing ceremony between Zimbabwe's opposition Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) and the ruling party ZANU-PF on 15 September.
 
Ken Olende: Danger in Zimbabwe compromise deal
Socialist Worker nr. 2120, sep 08 – side 4
Note: The deal between president Robert Mugabe’s ruling Zanu-PF party and Morgan Tsvangirai’s opposition MDC has been widely hailed as heralding the end of the crisis in Zimbabwe. However there are serious problems with the deal.
 
Zimbabwe: Anger at ‘unity’ talks
Socialist Worker nr. 2112, aug 08 – side 4
Note: Negotiations aimed at ending Zimbabwe’s political crisis were stalled as Socialist Worker went to press.
 
Protest march in Zimbabwe (online only)
Socialist Worker nr. 2112, aug 08 – side 51
Note: About 300 members of Women Of Zimbabwe Arise (Woza) marched through the country’s second city Bulawayo yesterday afternoon.
 
Leo Zeilig: Zimbabwe: imperialism, hypocrisy and fake nationalism
International Socialism Journal nr. 119, jul 08 – side 93
Note: One striking feature of Zimbabwe’s crisis has been the vocal support of the British and US governments for “democratic change”.
 
Zimbabwe: Regime attacks activists to intimidate opposition
Socialist Worker nr. 2104, jun 08 – side 4
Note: Zimbabwe’s government is sanctioning attacks on the opposition in the run-up to the country’s presidential election on 27 June. Opposition rallies have been cancelled, and activists physically assaulted and killed.
 
Police raid Zimbabwe socialists (online only)
Socialist Worker nr. 2103, maj 08 
Note: The Harare offices of the International Socialist Organisation (ISO) – The Socialist Workers Party's sister organisation in Zimbabwe – were raided yesterday morning by the police.
 
Ken Olende: Zimbabwe: General strike as Mugabe clings on to power
Socialist Worker nr. 2097, apr 08 – side 2
Note: An indefinite general strike was under way in Zimbabwe as Socialist Worker went to press. The opposition Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) called it to demand the release of presidential election results, still withheld two weeks after the election.
 
Alex Callinicos: Beginning of the end for Mugabe
Socialist Worker nr. 2096, apr 08 – side 4
Note: The outcome of Zimbabwe's elections remains shrouded in uncertainty. But one thing is clear. The country's politics remains dominated, as it has been for the last decade, by the struggle for power between the regime of Robert Mugabe and the Movement for Democratic Change (MDC).
 
Matthew Cookson: Zimbabwe vote puts the country at the crossroads
Socialist Worker nr. 2096, apr 08 – side 4
Note: The vote of the people of Zimbabwe against president Robert Mugabe and his Zanu-PF party has shown the desire for change in the southern African country.
 
Ken Olende: Zimbabwe: Revolt from below breaks Mugabe’s stranglehold
Socialist Worker nr. 2095, apr 08 – side 2
Note: Ken Olende looks at the election crisis in Zimbabwe
 
Zimbabwe: ‘The working class must prepare for a general strike’
Socialist Worker nr. 2095, apr 08 – side 2
Note: Munyaradzi Gwisai of the International Socialist Organisation (ISO) in Zimbabwe was a former MDC MP for Highfield in Harare. He spoke to Socialist Worker on Monday of this week about the questions facing the opposition
 
Ken Olende: Zimbabwe: Mixed loyalties of the MDC opposition
Socialist Worker nr. 2095, apr 08 – side 2
Note: The Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) was founded in 1999 out of Zimbabwe’s trade union movement. It emerged from a mass struggle against the neoliberal policies of the World Bank.
 
Ken Olende: Zimbabwe: A long history of British betrayals
Socialist Worker nr. 2095, apr 08 – side 2
Note: The news of Robert Mugabe’s humiliation at the hands of Zimbabwe’s people will no doubt be cheered on by the imperialists in Downing Street and the White House.
But nobody should believe their cynical claims to care about democracy or human rights in Africa or anywhere else.
 
Alex Callinicos: The brutal and corrupt rule of Ian Smith
Socialist Worker nr. 2079, dec 07 – side 4
Note: I must acknowledge my debt to Ian Smith, who died last week. I was a teenager in Zimbabwe – then known as Southern Rhodesia – during the years when Smith consolidated white rule that, he said, would last a thousand years.
The experience of Smith's bigoted, racist, repressive, mean-spirited, corrupt, provincial regime politicised me, and put me on the road to becoming a revolutionary Marxist.
 
Zimbabwe: Revolt from below can bring down the regime
Socialist Worker nr. 2043, mar 07 – side 3
Note: Thirty-year old Nelson is waiting and hoping for a mass riot. Like many other residents of the Highfield township in Harare, he knows Zimbabwe is on a knife-edge.
 
Leo Zeilig: (News Review:) Zimbabwe: Still living in Limbo
Socialist Review nr. 262, apr 02 – side 5
 
Jakob L. Krogh: Valget i Zimbabwe: Kun arbejderkamp kan vælte Mugabe
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 202, mar 02 – side 4
Note: Zimbabwes præsident Robert Mugabe har gennem en voldskampagne med tortur, mord og angreb på fundamentale rettigheder formået at fastholde magten i landet. Angreb på presse- og forsamlingsfriheden, stemme-optællingsfusk og fysisk at forhindre oppositionens tilhængere i at stemme var blandt Mugabes midler for at ‘vinde’ valget.
 
Leo Zeilig: Crisis in Zimbabwe
International Socialism Journal nr. 94, mar 02 – side 75
 
Leo Zeilig: Zimbabwe: The war on terrorism Mugabe style
Socialist Review nr. 258, dec 01 – side 6
 
Poul Erik Kristensen: Afrika: Modstand mod undertrykkelse og fattigdom
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 196, sep 01 – side 4
Note: Der findes ingen gode argumenter for at støtte præsident Mugabes styre i Zimbabwe.
 
Nina Olsen: Zimbabwe: Mugabe – Afrikas Milosevic
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 187, nov 00 – side 4
Note: “Serbien gjorde det, hvorfor kan vi ikke også?” råbte en demonstrant i Zimbabwe i sidste uge, da han sammen med tusindvis af andre tog del i oprøret.
 
Nina Olsen: Zimbabwe: Arbejderne kræver forandring
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 184, aug 00 – side 4
Note: Der var en stemning af spænding og venten på forandringer op til parlamentsvalget i juni i Zimbabwe.
 
Marlene Mejdal: Zimbabwe: Vestens tyveri skyld i besættelser
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 183, jun 00 – side 5
Note: Vestens ledere har i dag travlt med at fordømme Zimbabwes præsident Mugabe, den selvsamme leder, som de for blot få år siden hyldede, fordi han forlod sin mere venstreorienterede politik.
 
Ida H. Jakobsen: Zimbabwe: Mugabe – håndlanger for de hvide
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 182, maj 00 – side 4
Note: Den politiske krise i Zimbabwe er pludselig blevet vigtige nyheder herhjemme. Ikke på grund af den voksende organisering og mobilisering af sorte arbejdere og bønder, der protesterer mod Mugabes korrupte regime.
 
Charlie Kimber: Zimbabwe: Transformation time
Socialist Review nr. 241, maj 00 – side 26
Note: Charlie Kimber looks at the developing crisis in Zimbabwe and the role of its opposition
 
Zimbabwe’s unions prepare to fight
Socialist Worker nr. 1672, nov 99 – side 5
Note: Doctors in Zimbabwe, southern Africa, have won big concessions from the government after a strike lasting over a month.
 
Overblik: Jord og brød 1 (Zimbabwe)
Socialistisk Revy nr. 10, dec 98 – side 4
Note: Det er ikke altid nemt at være diktator. Det må Zimbabwes præsident Robert Mugabe sande disse dage.
 
Lene Junker: Interview: Socialist i Zimbabwe: Endnu en diktator står for fald
Socialistisk Revy nr. 6, aug 98 – side 18
Note: I snart et år har arbejdere, studenter, arbejdsløse og småbønder været i aktion i Zimbabwe. Lene Junker har interviewet Tafadzwa, som selv har deltaget i kampene.
 
Tyrkiet, Zimbabwe: Millioner i strejke
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 173, dec 97 – side 2
Note: Årets sidste måned har set storstrejker flere steder i verden. I Tyrkiet er over 1,5 mio. offentligt ansatte gået i strejke for mere i løn. Og i Zimbabwe lå butikker og fabrikker øde i den største strejke i 25 år.
 
Ole Mølholm Jensen: Folkefronten: Den umulige vej til socialismen
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 13, okt 85 – side 6
Note: Siden 1935 har mange opfattet folkefrontsstrategien som den eneste mulige vej til socialisme i den ikke-gennemindustrialiserede del af verden. ANC’s kamp mod apartheidregimet i Sydafrika bygger også på folkefrontsstrategien. Men hvad er erfaringerne?
 
John Rogers + Alex Callinicos: Southern Africa after Mugabe
International Socialism Journal nr. 9, jun 80 – side 1
Note: Wednesday, 27 February 1980 – the first day of the Zimbabwean general elections. At the main polling station in Salisbury’s Harare township, a huge queue of black voters awaited their turn impatiently. Walking along this winding line of people we were welcomed by a chorus of cock-crows and cries of ‘Jongwe!’ ‘Jongwe’ is the Shona for ‘cock’; this bird was the symbol of the Zimbabwe African National Union-Patriotic Front (ZANU-PF), the party which was to win a landslide victory in these elections
 
Notes of the Month: Southern Africa
International Socialism Journal (1st series) nr. 101, sep 77 – side 8
Note: Whereas previously the American ruling class had been quite happy to leave the defence of Western capitalist interests in the region to the apartheid regime in South Africa, now they have decided to intervene directly in order to force the pace of change throughout the region.
 
Basker Vashee: Review: Zimbabwe
International Socialism Journal (1st series) nr. 37, jun 69 – side 40
Note: Review: Theodore Bull (ed.), Rhodesian Perspective, Michael Joseph, 30s
Ndabaningi Sithole, African Nationalism, OUP, 35s
Giovanni Arrighi, The Political Economy of Rhodesia, Mouton & Co, 32s
 
Mozambique
Lene Junker: Vesten ansvarlig for at 2 millioner er hjemløse i Mozambique
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 181, mar 00 – side 4
Note: Under Golf-krigen mod Irak i 1992 og Balkan krigen i 1999 var luften sort af NATO helikoptere og transportfly. Hvorfor var de ikke på vingerne i det sydlige Afrika og reddede folk fra druknedøden?
 
Letter from Mozambique
Socialist Review nr. 4, jul 78 – side 9
Note: This is in reply to Barry Mokgatle’s article (Socialist Review No.2) which highlighted a lack of information about Mozambique. We hope to fill a part of that gap in this article.
 
Notes of the Month: Southern Africa
International Socialism Journal (1st series) nr. 101, sep 77 – side 8
Note: Whereas previously the American ruling class had been quite happy to leave the defence of Western capitalist interests in the region to the apartheid regime in South Africa, now they have decided to intervene directly in order to force the pace of change throughout the region.
 
Sydafrika
Anders Bæk Simonsen: Sydafrika: Klassekampen skærpes
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 342, dec 14 – side 2
Note: Da den sydafrikanske stat i 2012 satte politiet ind mod strejkende minearbejdere for at knuse deres strejke, blev forholdet imellem den sorte arbejderklasse og ANC endegyldigt forandret.
 
Charlie Kimber: South Africa: from Marikana to the “Numsa moment”
International Socialism Journal nr. 144, okt 14 – side 97
Note: On 16 August 2012 South African police shot and killed 34 striking workers at the Lonmin mine near Rustenburg. The massacre sent shockwaves around the world—and the implications of this political earthquake are far from played out. It is likely to be seen as one of the key elements that began a process leading to a mass worker-based party to the left of the African National Congress—a development of global importance. We are seeing the beginning of a major challenge to the class compromises of 1994 that saw the end of apartheid and the start of ANC rule.
 
Jørn Andersen: Sydafrika: 20 år efter apartheid
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 338, maj 14 – side 9
Note: Den 27. april var det 20 år siden det første demokratiske valg i Sydafrika.
 
Rehad Desai: Nyt arbejderparti i Sydafrika?
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 338, maj 14 – side 9
Note: Metalarbejdere tager initiativ til at starte nyt arbejderparti i Sydafrika.
 
Leo Zeilig: Review: Fighters against apartheid
International Socialism Journal nr. 141, jan 14 – side 207
Note: Alan Wieder, Ruth First and Joe Slovo in the War Against Apartheid (Jacana Media, 2013), £20
Joe Slovo and Ruth First were South Africans who spent their lives (and in Ruth’s case gave her life) in the struggle against apartheid. They were also members of the South African Communist Party (SACP) for most of their adult lives. They married in the late 1940s and despite a stormy relationship remained together until Ruth First was murdered in Mozambique’s capital Maputo in 1982. Their lives are worthy of celebration (and study) and Alan Wieder has written the first thorough account of their lives.
 
John Molyneux: R.I.P. Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 333, nov 13 
Note: Nelson Mandelas død i en alder af 95 vil blive begrædt af alle ægte demokrater, hver modstander af racisme, og i en vis forstand ethvert anstændigt og tænkende menneske over hele kloden. Socialister deler naturligvis disse følelser.
 
Rehad Desai: South Africa: Government tries to keep the lid on a boiling pot
Socialist Worker nr. 2343, mar 13 – side 15
Note: Rehad Desai looks at the continuing inquiry into South Africa’s Marikana massacre and how the fall out is affecting the country
 
Mary Smith: The Marikana Massacre and Lessons for the Left
Irish Marxist Review (Irland) nr. 5, mar 13 – side 53
Note: TV coverage of the Marikana massacre had a sickening sense of Déjà vu about it; uniformed men, rifles aimed, the crack of gunfire, black bodies in the dust – Sharpeville, Soweto, iconic images of South Africa under Apartheid. But this was August 16th 2012, not the last century; the killers took their orders not from the old racist Apartheid regime of Botha or de Klerk, but from the state headed by the ‘liberators’ – the African National Congress (ANC).
 
Amplats security shoot five miners in South Africa
Socialist Worker nr. 2341, feb 13 
Note: South African platinum mine security guards shot five miners with rubber bullets as they resisted an attempt by the National Union of Mineworkers (NUM) to re-establish itself at the Amplats Siphumelele mine in Rustenberg.
 
Videos of ISJ “Marxism and Revolution Today” event
International Socialism Journal nr. 137, jan 13 
Note: Video recordings of the weekend school held by International Socialism on 22 and 23 September 2012.
 
Peter Alexander: Interview: South Africa after Marikana
International Socialism Journal nr. 137, jan 13 – side 23
Note: The massacre of 34 striking miners at Marikana, near Rustenburg in North West Province, on 16 August 2012 marked a watershed in the history of South Africa, ruled by the African National Congress (ANC) since the end of apartheid in 1994. Peter Alexander, who led a research team to the area immediately after the massacre, talked to International Socialism.
 
Christine Bergen: Mord på strejkende minearbejdere i Sydafrika
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 323, sep 12 – side 4
Note: På trods af at de udvinder enormt kostbare stoffer, arbejder Sydafrikas minearbejdere for en lav løn og under meget usikre arbejdsforhold. Alene i år, før strejken i Marikana-minen brød ud den 10. august, døde 40 minearbejdere i ulykker.
 
Sara Peghinelli Schumacker: Sydafrika: Over 1 million offentligt ansatte i strejke
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 302, okt 10 – side 11
Note: Det er ikke kun i Europa, i lande som Grækenland og Spanien, at vi har set store folkelige protester imod de massive nedskæringer, der er fulgt i kølvandet på finanskrisen. Også i Sydafrika har der for nylig været store strejker for lønforbedringer primært blandt offentligt ansatte, men også blandt privatansatte.
 
Viv Smith: Sydafrika: Venter stadig på frihed
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 297, apr 10 – side 16
Note: Tyve år efter Nelson Mandelas løsladelse kommer verdensmesterskaberne i fodbold til Sydafrika. Viv Smith går bag glamouren for at undersøge betydningen for almindelige mennesker.
 
Sportens nådesløse profit
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 297, apr 10 – side 16
Note: Arrangøren af verdensmesterskaberne, Fifa, får 94% af sin indtægt fra sponsor-aftaler – og står skruppelløst fast på sine „rettigheder“.
 
Peter Dwyer: Dennis Brutus: The poet who persevered
Socialist Worker nr. 2184, jan 10 – side 12
Note: Dennis Brutus was one of Africa’s greatest poets – and an archetype for the anti-capitalism of our age.
 
Alex Callinicos: New challenges in South Africa
Socialist Worker nr. 2159, jul 09 – side 4
Note: I’ve just returned from spending a fortnight in South Africa. It was my first visit since the early 1990s. A lot has happened since then.
 
South Africa: Tensions grow in the ANC
Socialist Worker nr. 2120, sep 08 – side 4
Note: South Africa’s president Thabo Mbeki resigned on Sunday, to be replaced by Kgalema Motlanthe.
 
General strike sweeps South Africa
Socialist Worker nr. 2114, aug 08 – side 3
Note: South Africa was brought to a standstill on Thursday of last week by a one-day general strike demanding government action over rising living costs.
 
Silumko Radebe: South Africa: Reclaim our streets
Socialist Review nr. 326, jun 08 – side 4
Note: Activists in Johannesburg are organising their local communities to oppose the recent violent attacks on foreigners there, Silumko Radebe from the Anti Privatisation Forum in Alexandra reports.
 
Claire Ceruti: South Africans march against xenophobia
Socialist Worker nr. 2103, maj 08 – side 3
Note: Thousands of immigrants, township activists, trade unionists and others took over the streets of Johannesburg, South Africa, last Saturday, carrying placards such as “Xenophobia hurts like apartheid” and “Zimbabwe is my neighbour”.
 
Ken Olende: South Africa: Activists call for solidarity against attacks on migrants
Socialist Worker nr. 2102, maj 08 – side 4
Note: A series of brutal attacks on migrant workers in South Africa in the last two weeks has left dozens dead and forced thousands to flee.
 
Viv Smith: LGBT history month: The rainbow nation today (South Africa)
Socialist Review nr. 322, feb 08 – side 14
Note: The South African constitution is one of the most advanced in the world when it comes to LGBT rights. Viv Smith, a gay rights activist who worked for the ANC during the writing of the constitution, describes how these advances were won but argues there is still so much to fight for today.
 
Charlie Kimber: Anger at betrayals fuels ANC rivalry
Socialist Worker nr. 2081, dec 07 – side 6
Note: This weekend will see the most important conference of South Africa’s ruling party, the African National Congress (ANC), since the end of the apartheid state.
 
Claire Ceruti: The return of the working class: South Africa: rebirth of a mass movement
International Socialism Journal nr. 116, okt 07 – side 19
Note: Strike days reached a low of 500,000 in 2003 and inched up from there to 2.9 million last year. The latest strike report from Andrew Levy Consultants claims 11 million strike days for the first half of this year alone.
 
South Africa: Continuing strike action drives the political debate
Socialist Worker nr. 2057, jun 07 – side 4
Note: A public sector mass strike in South Africa continued at the start of this week despite a “final” and marginally improved offer from the government.
 
Claire Ceruti: Political crisis in ANC and SACP flows from South African general strike
Socialist Worker nr. 2056, jun 07 – side 13
Note: A general strike over pay by South African public sector workers has sparked a political crisis and raised questions over the role of the country’s ANC government, writes Claire Ceruti
 
Claire Ceruti: South Africa: Communists and ANC to Split?
Socialist Review nr. 308, jul 06 – side 16
Note: This is not the first time South African newspapers have announced a serious rift between the African National Congress (ANC), the South African Communist Party (CP) and the trade union federation Cosatu. What's fresh this time around is that the union and Communist leaders are no longer denying it.
 
Viv Smith: Book Review: Finding Roots
Socialist Review nr. 308, jul 06 – side 27
Note: 'Playing In The Light', Zoë Wicomb, The New Press £14.99
There have been many novels written about post-apartheid South Africa but few manage to tackle the question of race and class as well as Zoë Wicomb has done here.
 
Sydafrikanske aktivister: – Vi vil lukke topmødet
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 206, sep 02 – side 10
Note: Miljøtopmødet i Johannesburg vil afsløre mindst to ting. At magthaverne ikke ønsker at gøre noget for at forbedre Jordklodens skrantende miljø. Men også at Sydafrika er andet end Aids-katastrofe.
 
ANC-regeringen i modvind: Kamp mod markedsøkonomien
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 199, dec 01 – side 5
Note: Trevor Ngwane blev i 1995 valgt ind i Sowetos lokalregering for ANC, men blev 4 år senere smidt ud af ANC, fordi han talte imod ANCs planer om at privatisere offentlige ydelser som elektricitet, vand og parker. Her bringer vi uddrag fra et interview, som blev lavet med Trevor Ngwane, da han for nylig var i London.
 
Poul Erik Kristensen: Afrika: Modstand mod undertrykkelse og fattigdom
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 196, sep 01 – side 4
Note: Der findes ingen gode argumenter for at støtte præsident Mugabes styre i Zimbabwe.
 
Margit Johansen: Sydafrika: 2,5 millioner offentligt ansatte kræver mere løn
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 174, aug 99 – side 4
Note: De største strejker siden ANC kom til magten for godt 5 år siden har præget Sydafrika de seneste uger.
 
Anders Schou: Efter fem år med Mandela: Uligheden fortsætter i Sydafrika
Socialistisk Revy nr. 16, jul 99 – side 14
 
Alex Callinicos: South Africa after apartheid
International Socialism Journal nr. 70, mar 96 – side 3
Note: South Africa has abolished white rule, but can Nelson Mandela meet the aspirations raised by the end of apartheid? Alex Callinicos analyses the forces that brought victory and shows how they are colliding with the ANC led government's endorsement of the capitalist system. He argues that Mandela has already abandoned some of the promises on which he fought his country's first free elections and goes on to outline a strategy for the workers' movement and the left.
 
Karen Lodal: Sydafrika: Mandelas brudte løfter
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 116, jun 95 – side 7
Note: Det er tid for selvransagelse for Sydafrikas præsident, Nelson Mandela.
 
Charlie Kimber: Bookwatch: South Africa – the struggle continues
International Socialism Journal nr. 64, sep 94 – side 159
Note: Bookwatch examines South Africa's history of struggle.
 
Tom Christiansen: Sydafrika: Strejkebølge for virkelige forandringer
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 106, aug 94 – side 16
Note: Valget i Sydafrika har ikke ændret ret meget for de sorte arbejdere. Derfor strejker de nu for mere i løn og mod racisme.
 
Lene Junker: Sydafrika: ANC til eksamen
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 104, jun 94 – side 6
Note: ANC fik den forventede valgsejr. Nu skal løfterne til det sorte flertal indfris.
 
IS mener: Modstand der ryster magthaverne
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 102, apr 94 – side 3
Note: Hvis der skulle gå nogle personer rundt og betvivle, at arbejderklassen kan forandre verden og at det ikke nytter at kæmpe, burde de være blevet overbeviste af de sidste ugers begivenheder i Frankrig og Sydafrika.
 
Gitte Petersen: Valget i Sydafrika: Generalstrejke ryster højrefløj
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 102, apr 94 – side 7
Note: En generalstrejke i Bophuthatswana giver de sydafrikanske ledere problemer.
 
Dorte Lange: Sydafrika: Regeringen myrder
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 91, maj 93 – side 2
Note: Mordet på kommunistlederen Chris Hani er den foreløbige kulmination på en voldsbølge, som regeringen og højrekræfterne organiserer for at svække ANC.
 
Simon Phillips: The South African Communist party and the South African working class
International Socialism Journal nr. 51, jun 91 – side 105
 
Alex Callinicos: Can South Africa be reformed?
International Socialism Journal nr. 46, mar 90 – side 95
Note: South African events are barely less dramatic than those in Eastern Europe. But again many socialists are unsure of what De Klerk's reforms mean. Alex Callinicos extends the analysis first outlined in his book South Africa: Between Reform and Revolution to answer the question 'Can South Africa be reformed?'
 
Hans Jørgen Vad: Generalstrejke i Sydafrika
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 52, sep 89 – side 2
Note: Sydafrika står over for en meget spændende udvikling. En udvikling, som nemt kan vise sig langt mere eksplosiv, end de fleste forstår i dag.
 
Terry Bell: Acting on apartheid (Alex Callinicos: "South Africa between Reform and Revolution")
Socialist Review nr. 115, dec 88 – side 28
 
Richard Attenborough: “Et råb om frihed”
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 38, mar 88 – side 8
Note: STEVE BIKO var en sort borgerrettighedsforkæmper i Sydafrika, der blev myrdet af apartheidregimet i1977.
 
Karin Ladefoged: Sydafrika: Sort modstand ikke knækket
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 23, okt 86 – side 2
Note: Da undtagelsestilstanden blev indført 12. juni i år blev omkring 900 ledende fagforeningsmedlemmer fængslet. På femte måned sidder de stadig isoleret fra kammerater og familie.
 
Sydafrika: Dispensationer på løst grundlag
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 22, sep 86 – side 3
Note: De sidste rapporter fra Sydafrika viser, at det ikke er lykkedes Botha at kue oppositionen til Apartheid-styret.
 
Socialist Worker (UK): Sydafrika: Botha vandt slaget
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 21, aug 86 – side 2
Note: Apartheidregimet i Sydafrika har benyttet sommeren til at skærpe undertrykkelsen af den sorte befolkning. Botha indførte ny undtagelsestilstand dagen inden ti-års dagen for Soweto-oprøret den 16. juni.
 
IS mener: Hvilken vej til sejr?
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 21, aug 86 – side 3
Note: Hvordan besejres apartheid?
 
Karin Ladefoged: Sydafrika brænder
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 20, jun 86 – side 12
Note: Den største generalstrejke nogensinde lammede Sydafrika den 1. maj, da halvanden millioner arbejdere gik i strejke for betalt fridag 1. maj.
 
Alexandra: Massakre i Sydafrika
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 18, mar 86 – side 8
Note: Oprøret i Sydafrika er ikke ved at dø, selvom medierne næsten er tavse om situationen. Tværtom. Strejketallet for januar er blandt de største længe.
 
Alex Callinicos: Marxism and revolution in South Africa
International Socialism Journal nr. 31, mar 86 – side 3
 
Pia Larsen: Brud på ANC’s politiske monopol
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 16, jan 86 – side 2
Note: Fagbevægelsen i Sydafrika har efter langvarige forhandlinger dannet et fælles forbund. Forbundet hedder Kongressen for Sydafrikanske Fagforbund (COSATU) og samler omkring en halv million medlemmer.
 
Pia Larsen: ANC: Sort medansvar eller revolution
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 14, nov 85 – side 4
Note: “Der kommer et tidspunkt. hvor det er irrelevant at diskutere, om apartheid er en god eller dårlig ide, for det vil forsvinde.” Sådan sagde den amerikanske udenrigsminister George Shultz forleden i et interview om Sydafrika. Under overskriften “Løslad Mandela” advarede Shultz det sydafrikanske regime mod at være for stejl.
 
Sydafrika: Dansk kapital – sort blod
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 13, okt 85 – side 1
Note: - Er vestlige landes vilje til at boykotte Sydafrika ligefrem proportional med landenes handel?
Sådan spurgte en journalist forleden Danmarks udenrigsminister Uffe Ellemann-Jensen (V), som ikke mente, at man kunne stille det så groft op – men at det da var klart, at der var en sammenhæng.
 
Sydafrika: Er kompromis muligt?
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 13, okt 85 – side 3
Note: Kampen i Sydafrika handler nu ikke længere kun om apartheid, men om selve kapitalismens overlevelse.
 
Hans Peter Lange: NUM, Sydafrika: Med den ene hånd på ryggen
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 13, okt 85 – side 3
Note: Minearbejderstrejken i Sydafrika i begyndelsen af september blev afblæst efter 48 timer. Kravene om lønstigninger og anerkendelse af minearbejderforbundet, NUM blev ikke indfriet.
 
Irland: Arbejdersolidaritet mod apartheid
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 13, okt 85 – side 3
Note: Den moralske fordømmelse af apartheidregimet i Sydafrika er massiv. Men der er få eksempler på kontante solidaritetsaktioner til støtte for den kamp, den sydafrikanske arbejderklasse fører. 11 arbejdere på stormagasinet Dunnes i Irland er en undtagelse.
 
IS mener: Sydafrika: Vejen til revolution
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 12, sep 85 – side 1
Note: Eksplosionen af de sortes modstandskamp, som begyndte med Sharpeville for et år siden, er nu spredt til hele Sydafrika.
 
Hans Erik Madsen: Vestlig kapital presser Botha: Profitter skal sikres
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 12, sep 85 – side 4
Note: Apartheid-systemets kapitalistiske støttepiller i udlandet er sat under hårdt pres. Det gælder især USA, England og Vesttyskland, som har store investeringer i Sydafrika. Sydafrika er vigtig for kapitalismen som verdenssystem på grund af landets ressourcer og industri og Sydafrikas store økonomiske indflydelse i området.
 
Hans Erik Madsen: Sydafrika: Kampen for sort arbejdermagt
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 12, sep 85 – side 4
Note: Uroen og strejkerne i Sydafrika tager til – på trods af undtagelsestilstanden. Militansen er stigende i den sorte arbejderklasse, blandt studenter, skoleungdom og de arbejdsløse.
 
Hans Erik Madsen: Apartheid-systemets historie
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 12, sep 85 – side 5
Note: Den rå undertrykkelse af Sydafrikas sorte flertal møder massiv fordømmelse fra store dele af verden. Men alt for ofte ses racismen i Sydafrika som et resultat af apartheid. Det er den ikke. Apartheid voksede ud af et behov i den tidlige sydafrikanske kapitalisme. Racismen er uløseligt knyttet til guldminerne, som de hvides rigdom i landet også er baseret på.
 
Pia Larsen: Sydafrika: På randen af en revolution
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 11, aug 85 – side 8
Note: 11 måneders stigende uro og strejker i Sydafrika førte for nylig til, at præsident Botha indførte undtagelsestilstand i 36 sorte distrikter. Undtagelsestilstanden betyder, at politi og militær har beføjelse til at arrestere og tilbageholde hvem som helst på ubestemt tid. De kan indføre udgangsforbud og demonstrationer, møder er forbudte, og al presse bliver censureret.
 
Pia Larsen: Nye fagforeninger drivende i modstanden: Arbejdernes kamp ryster apartheid
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 10, jun 85 – side 8
Note: Sydafrikas apartheidregimes dage synes talte. Selv præsident Pieter Botha indrømmer, at landet aldrig har været nærmere en revolutionær omvæltning. Vestlige ledere forsøger at redde smulerne ved at lægge pres på landet for, at det skal ophæve nogle af de værste racelove.
 
Charlie Lywood: Hvad er sort og hvidt i Sydafrika?
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 9, maj 85 – side 8
Note: Arbejderklassen Sydafrika er trådt tydeligere frem indenfor de sidste år og organiseringsprocenten fagforeningerne stiger og stiger. Strejker og arbejderdemonstrationer hører til dagens orden. En strejke i landets største mine har tvunget ledelsen så langt ud i tovene, at de har fyret 15.000 arbejdere.
 
Ida Malling: Sydafrika: Magten der kan vælte apartheid
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 8, apr 85 – side 8
Note: Borgerlige aviser har forsøgt at forklare den sidste tids oprør i Sydafrika som blot resultatet af modsætninger mellem forskellige dele af den sorte befolkning.
 
Inge-Lise Bjørn: Sydafrika: Oppositionens strategi
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 8, apr 85 – side 8
Note: ANC (African National Congress) er den organisation, som flest sorte og farvede orienterer sig imod. Oprørene er startet i de områder, hvor ANC har mange tilhængere.
 
Sydafrika: Ubegrænset hykleri
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 8, apr 85 – side 8
Note: Vi ser nu, at Reagan og andre vestlige statsledere reagerer over for apartheidstyret. USA og England, der har de største økonomiske investeringer, men også de nordiske lande truer nu med at stoppe for nye investeringer, hvis der ikke kommer ro.
 
Jason Meyler: Sydafrika: Apartheid rystes
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 3, dec 84 – side 8
Note: Den racistiske apartheidstat i Sydafrika er igen blevet rystet af massiv modstand fra den sorte arbejderklasse.
 
Alex Callinicos: South Africa: Coming to terms with apartheid
Socialist Review nr. 66, jun 84 – side 18
Note: In the following pages we print two articles on South Africa. In the first Alex Callinicos looks at the background to the signing of the non-aggression pact between Mozambique and South Africa that has ended the hopes the ANC had of their guerilla strategy South Africa.
(side 19 | side 20)
 
Nigel Dickinson: South Africa: Breaking the chains
Socialist Review nr. 66, jun 84 – side 20
Note: Botha’s recent visit serves as a reminder of the horrors of apartheid. Here, Nigel Dickinson looks at the force capable of ending the regime – the black South African working class.
(side 21 | side 22)
 
Notes of the Month: South Africa: Vorster’s clampdown
International Socialism Journal (1st series) nr. 103, nov 77 – side 2
Note: On the morning of 19 October the Vorster regime moved to crush the black resistance in South Africa. The main organisations of the black consciousness movement were banned, their leaders detained or placed under house arrest and the largest selling black newspaper, The World, closed down.
 
Notes of the Month: Southern Africa
International Socialism Journal (1st series) nr. 101, sep 77 – side 8
Note: Whereas previously the American ruling class had been quite happy to leave the defence of Western capitalist interests in the region to the apartheid regime in South Africa, now they have decided to intervene directly in order to force the pace of change throughout the region.
 
Alex Callinicos: Notes of the Month: Southern Africa: The Melting Pot
International Socialism Journal (1st series) nr. 87, apr 76 – side 5
Note: Events move quickly in Africa. Little more than three months ago the armies of the Vorster regime in South Africa and their FNLA and Unita allies seemed to be on the verge of victory over the MPLA in Angola. Now (February 18) Vorster is desperately trying to find some way of avoiding confrontation between his troops drawn up along the border between Angola and Namibia and the armies of MPLA and of their Cuban allies.
 
Notes of the Month: South Africa: Illusions and Confusions
International Socialism Journal (1st series) nr. 79, jun 75 – side 5
Note: Member of IS South African Group: Just over six months ago South African Prime Minister Vorster asked the world for six months in which to effect changes which would surprise their critics. This May the Prime Ministers of the Commonwealth, meeting in Kingston, Jamaica, proclaimed that they were giving the Smith regime six months survival as they outlined new measures to intensify pressures on Rhodesia.
 
Baruch Hirson: South Africa: Once Again on the Stay-at-Home
International Socialism Journal (1st series) nr. 6, sep 61 
Note: There can be little doubt that the stay-at-home, called for May 29, 30 and 31 failed. Even objective observers who supported the strike call have stated unequivocally that the stay-at-home failed.
 
Baruch Hirson: South Africa: Ten Years of the Stay-at-Home
International Socialism Journal (1st series) nr. 5, jun 61 
Note: For obvious reasons we can say nothing about the Socialist League of Africa other than that it is a militant organization orientated on class struggle. The SLA publishes Spark, the first underground newspaper in South Africa.
 
Tunesien
Jaouhar Tounsi: Arbejdsløse gør oprør i Tunesiens gader
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 349, nov 15 
Note: Protesterne begyndte i den tunesiske provins Kasserine lørdag den 16. januar, efter at Ridha Yahyaoui døde af et elektrisk stød. Han døde efter at have klatret op i en pæl for at tale til en forsamling af arbejdsløse.
 
Anna Wolf: Nye protester i Tunesien
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 331, aug 13 – side 7
Note: Den tunesiske revolution blussede atter op i slutningen af juli. Hundredtusinder gik på gaden i flere tunesiske byer fredag d. 26. juli i en massiv generalstrejke, iværksat af fagforeningsforbundet UGTT, der repræsenterer ca. 500.000 tunesiske arbejdere.
 
Jaouhar Bani: Tunisia erupts for murdered leftist
Socialist Worker nr. 2340, feb 13 – side 20
Note: Hundreds of thousands of people marched at the funeral of Chokri Belaid, a leading opposition politician in Tunisia, on Friday of last week. Towns across the country shut down as people struck and filled the streets.
 
Siân Ruddick: Tunesiens revolution et år efter
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 315, dec 11 
Note: Mohamed Bani er tuneser og bor i London. Han tilbragte lang tid i Tunesien under revolutionen og har ofte været tilbage siden diktatoren Ben Ali faldt 14. januar 2011. Han talte med Siân Ruddick fra Socialist Worker.
 
Hans Jørgen Vad: Arabiens anden revolution i perspektiv
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 309, maj 11 – side 7
Note: Både blandt borgerlige og marxistiske analytikere har det "arabiske forår" været sammenlignet med epokegørende hændelser som de borgerlige revolutioner i 1848, opbruddet i 1968 og omvæltningerne i Østeuropa i 1989. Således også Alex Callinicos, som i en baggrundsartikel i "International Socialism" sætter den arabiske revolution ind i et større perspektiv.
 
Sara Bennett: Tunisia: celebrating the future
Socialist Worker nr. 2250, maj 11 – side 4
Note: Around 2,000 people joined the first public May Day celebrations in Tunis for 50 years. The demonstration was organised by a group of rank and file workers inside the General Workers Union of Tunisia (UGTT).
 
Alex Callinicos: Analysis: The return of the Arab revolution
International Socialism Journal nr. 130, apr 11 – side 3
Note: In the winter of 1939-40 the German Marxist critic Walter Benjamin wrote a remarkable text known as “Theses on the Philosophy of History”. In it he attacked the widespread belief on the left that socialism would come about inevitably, as the fruit of historical progress.
 
Chamseddine Mnasri: Tunisia: the people’s revolution
International Socialism Journal nr. 130, apr 11 – side 43
Note: On 14 January 2011 Tunisians ousted President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali after a month’s revolt. Ben Ali’s removal has changed our perception of revolution. Two things explain this: the change came totally from below; and the reactionary forces have failed to restore the old order.
 
From Tunisia to today: the revolutions continue
Socialist Worker nr. 2244, mar 11 – side 11
Note: A single act of resistance in Tunisia last December sparked a revolt that has brought down two dictators and continues to sweep across the Middle East and North Africa.
 
Ben Ali's cash stash uncovered
Socialist Worker nr. 2240, feb 11 – side 2
Note: Tunisia’s ousted dictator Ben Ali had stashed cash worth £100 million—behind a bookcase in one of his palaces
 
Siân Ruddick: Tunisian revolt re-ignites
Socialist Worker nr. 2238, feb 11 – side 5
Note: Fighting between the revolutionary movement and the state erupted again in Tunisia last weekend. Police attacked protesters, killing at least three.
 
Spreading revolt
Socialist Worker nr. 2238, feb 11 – side 2
Note: Tunisia – Egypt – Jordan – Yemen – Algeria – Saudi Arabia – Palestine – Morocco
 
Tunisian activist: 'This will renew our confidence'
Socialist Worker nr. 2238, feb 11 – side 3
Note: Mohammed, a Tunisian socialist living in Britain, spoke to Socialist Worker minutes after Mubarak announced he was standing down.
 
Jakob L. Krogh: Revolution i Tunesien
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 306, feb 11 – side 2
Note: Diktatoren Zine Al-Abidine Ben Ali flygtede den 14. januar fra Tunesien, som han havde reageret i 23 år. Det dræbende stød til Ben Alis diktatur blev givet af det tunesiske LO, Union Général des Travailleurs Tunissiens (UGTT).
 
Revolt spreads across the Middle East
Socialist Worker nr. 2237, feb 11 – side 5
Note: The battle for the future of the Tunisian revolution is continuing. + The overthrow of Ben Ali has inspired others across the Middle East to challenge their rulers.
 
Héla Yousfi + Dominic Kavakeb + Anne Alexander + Fathi Chamki: Revolution shakes the Middle East: The Battle of Tunis
Socialist Review nr. 355, feb 11 – side 10
Note: The revolt in Tunisia has sent shivers down the spines of dictators across the region. Anne Alexander looks at the roots of the revolution and considers its broader implications, while Tunisian activists Héla Yousfi and Fathi Chamki give their accounts of the uprising and Dominic Kavakeb examines the role of the internet.
 
Judith Orr + Dave Sewell: Tunisian trade unionist: ‘Our revolt inspires hope across the Arab states’
Socialist Worker nr. 2236, jan 11 – side 5
Note: Waves of anger generated by the Tunisian revolution continue to crash against the country’s battered ruling class. Politicians from the old regime that held dictator Zine al-Abidine Ben Ali in power for 23 long years still desperately cling to power. But the movement against them is determined.
 
Tunisia: ‘People are discussing politics and poetry’
Socialist Worker nr. 2236, jan 11 – side 5
Note: Tunisian socialist Mohammed told Socialist Worker that his mother Sadiha and his aunt Khwala went to greet the “Liberation Caravan”.
 
Alex Callinicos: Tunisia: patterns of revolt
Socialist Worker nr. 2236, jan 11 – side 10
Note: Alex Callinicos looks at the nature of the Tunisian uprising and the potential for it to grow into a challenge to capitalism.
 
IS-tendensen: Statement on the Tunisian revolution
Socialist Worker nr. 2236, jan 11 
Note: The following statement on events in Tunisia has been issued by the International Socialist Tendency.
 
Diktatorer overalt lever i frygt for det tunesiske eksempel
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 305, jan 11 
Note: Den tunesiske revolution har givet selvtillid til mennesker overalt til at gå til modstand.
 
Tunesisk fagforeningsmand: ”Vores oprør giver håb i andre arabiske lande”
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 305, jan 11 
Note: Bølger af vrede genereret af den tunesiske revolution fortsætter med at ramme landets slagne herskende klasse. Politikere fra det gamle regime, der holdt diktator Zine al-Abidine Ben Ali ved magten i 23 lange år, klamrer sig stadig desperat til magten. Men bevægelsen imod dem er beslutsom.
 
Revolution in Tunisia: ‘We have the power’
Socialist Worker nr. 2235, jan 11 – side 1
Note: Leaders in fear as protests spread across Arab world
 
Judith Orr: Editorial: Tunisia: workers can transform the world
Socialist Worker nr. 2235, jan 11 – side 3
Note: When the spell is broken and resistance breaks out, changes that might have taken years in “normal” times can happen in a matter of hours.
 
Judith Orr: Revolution in Tunisia: Mass protest topples tyrant
Socialist Worker nr. 2235, jan 11 – side 7
Note: Introduction to special report on the Tunisian uprising. Revolution sweeps away a hated dictator. Thousands fill the streets to celebrate their newly won freedom. The scenes sound like something from a history book. But this is Tunisia in January 2011.
 
Fathi Chamki: Revolution in Tunisia: The new government will be weak
Socialist Worker nr. 2235, jan 11 – side 7
Note: The situation on the ground remains quite volatile. The flight of Ben Ali gave remnants of the old regime a platform to regroup—despite the fact that it was on its last legs—and they are trying to organise a counter-revolution.
 
Revolution in Tunisia: Eyewitness to the fall of a brutal dictator
Socialist Worker nr. 2235, jan 11 – side 8
Note: Mohammed, a Tunisian socialist living in London, flew to Tunis last week to take part in the mass protest that forced Ben Ali to flee the country. He spoke to Socialist Worker.
 
Bassem Chit: Revolution in Tunisia: Threatening the power of Arab rulers
Socialist Worker nr. 2235, jan 11 – side 8
Note: Bassem Chit explains how Tunisia shows that real change can be won on the streets
 
Revolution in Tunisia: Tunisia timeline
Socialist Worker nr. 2235, jan 11 – side 8
 
Revolution in Tunisia: ‘A lesson no Arab regime should ignore’
Socialist Worker nr. 2235, jan 11 – side 9
Note: Across the Arab world, millions of people suffer the same poverty, unemployment, soaring prices and oppression that lie behind the Tunisian revolution.
 
Phil Marfleet: Revolution in Tunisia: Permanent revolution: how to win liberation in the Middle East
Socialist Worker nr. 2235, jan 11 – side 9
Note: Hossam Bahgat of the Egyptian Initiative for Personal Rights said he was glued to the news from Tunisia. “Literally days ago the regime seemed unshakable,” he said. “I feel like we Egyptians are a giant step closer to our own liberation.”
 
Richard Seymour: Lenin's Tomb: Tunisia's revolution and the Islamists
Note: Soumayya Ghannouchi, the Guardian columnist and daughter of the Tunisian An-Nahda leader Rachid Ghannouchi, argues for a coalition of socialists, liberals and Islamists to overthrow the Tunisian state. Rachid himself argues for exactly this approach in his interview with the Financial Times. (18 Jan 2011)
 
Richard Seymour: Lenin's Tomb: Tunisia's 'unity government' already imploding
Note: Several ministers have withdrawn from the 'unity government' led by the Prime Minister and now acting president Mohammed Ghannouchi, due to the inclusion of several hacks from the former ruling party, the Rassemblement constitutionnel démocratique (RCD), in the government. The ministers who have left are three UGTT leaders, apparently under pressure from protesters demanding an end to the RCD's role in government. (18 Jan 2011)
 
Richard Seymour: Lenin's Tomb: Note on Tunisia's military
Note: Tunisia's armed forces are fighting street battles with armed members of Ben Ali's sinister 'internal security' apparatus. Their decision to turn against the dictator was a decisive final blow forcing his resignation. (16 Jan 2011)
 
Richard Seymour: Lenin's Tomb: The rise and fall of Tunisia's Ceaucescu
Note: The revolution in Tunisia that began on 18th December went from being almost completely ignored in the British newspapers to being a sensational story of bloodbaths, gang violence, Israeli worries about "stability", and pleas for "restraint" from the foreign secretary in the space of a few days. (16 Jan 2011)
 
Kevin Ovenden: Lenin's Tomb: The fall of Ben Ali
Note: Over the last quarter of a century the regime in Tunis has narrowed its social base. It swung behind US hegemony in the region. Its main policy internally became police repression rather than any kind of accommodation or integration of the constitutional Islamists, the union and the left. (15 Jan 2011)
 
Richard Seymour: Lenin's Tomb: "The first Arab revolution of the 21st Century"
Note: Video: Massive protests in Tunesia push president to flee (15 Jan 2011)
 
Siân Ruddick: Oprør ryster nordafrikanske regimer
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 305, jan 11 
Note: Opstande ryster de autoritære regimer i Tunesien og Algeriet i Nordafrika. Demonstrationer har hærget Tunesien i mere end tre uger. Høj ungdomsarbejdsløshed, fattigdom og stigende leveomkostninger kombineret med elitens uanstændige rigdom og korruption har dette ført til raseri.
 

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